I2b L415, I2c L596

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About us

(1) To learn more about the ancient history of haplogroup I2*, I2b and I2c and define the points of separation between them and I2a and  I1 and the estimated time range for each divergence.

(2) To Increase knowledge on the HG's and further define the subgroups within them and determine if they are separate or lineal subgroups.

(3) To map those differences and time ranges with known historical events within geographical regions. The end result would be a divergence map called "The Historical Migration Routes of I2 Subgroups," with the underlying historical events.

Objective 1: Collect as much of data for each subgroup as possible to make solid inferences.

Objective 2: Define and name the known subgroups of I2*, I2b and I2c as lineal or divergent subclades and their geographical locations where possible.

Objective 3: Define the time of each divergence and map them. 

From K Nordvedt 1 May 2010 PP Estimated TMRCAs for Y Haplogroup I clades 


S31(all)– I2* --- 7750 years                                 Node I2a[I-L460] and I2c[I-L596]        

S31-13--- 4400 years                                            Node I-L596 and I-S11003                    

S31-14--- 4110 years                                            Node I-S11003 and  I-M436

S31-12--- 2580 years                                            Node I-L1251-1 and I-M436

S31-J--- 420 years                                                Node I-M436 and I-BY3334* [J]

S31-ADR-217 years                                               Node I-L417 and I-L596   

 HG I2b, I2c TMRCA 67Markers                                       
 I2a I-L460                                                                       I2b [11-23] I-L416                                                                
 I2 I-P215          7217                                                                 2661                  
                                    Node age = years before present                              
                                                                                   3386                               2256           
                                                                                                                 I2c [12-22] L1251                                          Present time
                                                                                            I2c [13-23] S11003                                                           
                                                                                            3217       2630              
I2c1 I-BY433                                                      
                                                                                                                                          I2c F2004                           
                                                                                                                                                    I2c BY23, CTS7767.1     
                              I2c I-L596                         4181                                   ?                                                                  
I2c2 [14-24] I-BY421         I2c3 [13-23] I-PF3885 


Objective 4: Match the divergences with historical migratory events that would have preceded it.

We believe this project should be involved in "Walk Through the Y (WTY)" project which searches the Y chromosome for new SNPs to expand its knowledge of YDNA to discover identifying SNPs for the project and its subgroups. The costs of these tests are expensive ($US750) and we feel it should be funded sample by sample by the Project group as the WTY expands its range with the YDNA and as funding is available one participant in each group of I2* have their sample tested by WTY. With the introduction of the new chip that FTDNA now use the coverage of the Y chromosome in this search has been expanded.

Since WTY test was replaced by the BigY test the project has conducted 11 tests. These have been very productive and it is our belief that the project should continue to use this test to find new unique SNPs and define previously named SNPs.

The new tree for the project is shown on the Background page.

Project fund and projections for 2017 on the Background page.

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