Explore your maternal
ancestry with mtDNA
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Trace your direct
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largest mtDNA database
DISCOVER YOUR MATERNAL ANCESTRY
The world's largest
Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is passed down almost unchanged from a mother to her children, allowing you to trace your maternal ancestry using our advanced mtDNA tests and the world's largest mtDNA database.
TRACE YOUR MATERNAL MIGRATION
Follow the path of your
Use mtDNA to determine where your direct maternal ancestors came from, their locations in historic times and how they migrated throughout the world.
Explore your direct maternal line and geographic origins
Uncover your maternal heritage going back to Africa
Trace your female ancestors' ancient migration paths
With the world's largest mtDNA database, our advanced mtDNA tests can be used by both males and females to trace your direct and distant maternal lineage.
Important: Single tests are applicable to one individual per purchase only
- Examines two regions of mitochondrial DNA (HVR1 and HVR2)
- Identifies basic haplogroup and migration paths
Frequently Asked Questions
What is mtDNA?
mtDNA refers to mitochondrial DNA which is passed from mother to child. While men receive mitochondrial DNA from their mother, they do not pass it on to their children. Testing mtDNA allows for investigation into your maternal line and can help identify living relatives whose mtDNA is similar to yours, as well as ancient migration routes your maternal ancestors may have taken.
What is a Haplogroup?
Every individual who takes one of our mtDNA tests will also receive their mtDNA haplogroup. When humans left Africa tens of thousands of years ago, they departed in small groups that migrated into different parts of the world. Over many generations, each group developed distinct mutations allowing us to identify one from the other. We call these groups of mutations haplogroups, and they can tell us which migratory routes our maternal ancestors traveled.
What is the difference between mtDNA+ and mtDNA Full Sequence?
mtDNA consists of three regions – two hypervariable regions: HVR1, HVR2, and the Coding Region. Our mtDNA+ test will only test HVR1 and HVR2, whereas our mtDNA Full Sequence test will test all three regions providing you with a more refined mtDNA haplogroup and matches list. The Full Sequence test is recommended for those more interested in genealogy and working with a matches list.
Will I find out what countries my Mother's family is from with mtDNA testing?
mtDNA testing will not be able to identify specific countries that your maternal ancestors came from. mtDNA mutates slowly which allows you to find out ancient information (such as your haplogroup), and will not help you learn about your more recent (within the past 200-500 years) origins. However, you can use mtDNA results with your personal genealogy research to contact your matches to find out more about where your common ancestors may be from.
Why do I have so many matches?
Having many mtDNA matches indicates that you have a more common mtDNA signature (haplotype). This can mean that your lineage has survived and reproduced well. As a result, many people share the same signature. We recommend testing up to the Full Sequence level, if you have not already. If you have, we recommend the Family Finder test, and for you to encourage as many Full Sequence matches as possible to also do Family Finder. Anyone who also matches you in that test will share a common ancestor within 5 generations. Records databases are also helpful for researching your connections with your matches.
Why do I have so few matches?
If you do not have mtDNA matches, or only a few matches, you may be the first person, or one of the first people with your mtDNA signature (haplotype) in our database. This means that no one else from your lineage has tested. As the database grows, you will continue to be compared against new results, and you will be notified by email of any new matches.
What is the mtDNA journey video?
The mtDNA journey video is a feature that is included when you get an mtFull Sequence test. It tells the story of your maternal ancestry and is a fun way to share your results with friends and family.
Video is not included with mtDNA Plus.