Arterburn DNA Project - Results





International Society of Genetic Genealogy (ISOGG)

ISOGG:  Resources for Understanding Genetic Genealogy

USDOE/NIH: Human Genome Project

National Geographic Society: Genographic Project




The ARTERBURN Haplogroup (SNP) as currently defined and confirmed:



R1a1a1b2a2a (R-M207   M173   SRY10831.2   M198   M417 

                            Z93   L342.2   Z2123)



Z93, L342, and Z2123—the most recently occurring (historically)

major SNPs to have been tested that identify the ARTERBURN

Y-Haplogroup, have matched us with the test results of

individuals—distant genetic relatives—who have longstanding

family roots in Central and Southern Asia, including the

subcontinent of India.  These results are consistent with the

several and independent strands of documentary evidence

that indicate a more recent "East Indian" or South Asian

origin for Peter Arterburn's (patrilineal) ancestors, as found

in Tennessee, Kentucky, Virginia, and Maryland (see also

"Background" and "News" pages, and "R1a1a and Sub-

clades Y-DNA Project" links, below).




FTDNA's "Y-DNA Results" chart pages of our project do not display the

most recently confirmed (R1a1a1b2a2a) Haplogroup for ARTERBURN. 

(For the most recent subclades and SNPs, see the links for ISOGG Tree

for Haplogroup R and R1a1a and Subclades Y-DNA Project charts below,

which are current.)  FTDNA does display the results of all SNPs tested for

ARTERBURN on our project's SNP page. 

Since the Haplogroup (SNP) of William's descendants is and will remain 

identical to that of Peter's descendant, further testing of only one Y-DNA

sample will be necessary in the future for discovering new SNPs that could 

establish a new subclade(s), which would define with even greater precision

the ARTERBURN Haplogroup.  The Y-DNA sample of Peter's descendant (of

his son, James) was used initially for confirmation and has consistently

been used thereafter for testing to refine or update our Haplogroup, which

is the reason that expanded Haplogroup results for Peter's descendant only—

in comparison with William's descendants—is displayed in green instead of

red on our project's "Y-DNA Results" chart page.  (However, as noted above,

FTDNA has stopped updating their display of confirmed Haplogroups on that

page, and the ARTERBURN Haplogroup (SNP) has since been further updated 

through additional testing.)  As more people who share our Haplogroup are

tested and as SNPs increasingly become identified with geographic regions

or locales, we may be able to focus more clearly on the most likely place(s)

that would have been the Old World homeland of our ancestors—if we

continue to update our Haplogroup with additional SNP testing of the






(The charts linked to below are continually updated.)




ISOGG:  Y-DNA Tree for Haplogroup R




FTDNAR1a1a and Subclades Y-DNA Project







   (Search/Find "Arterburn" on either Chart below—first change page size 

    at top of page to 5000 to expedite search)  


Y-DNA Results Chart  (Classic)

Y-DNA Results Chart  (Colorized)



FTDNA:  Other Projects That Include ARTERBURN Y-DNA Results

   (Search/Find "Arterburn" on either Chart below—first change page size 

    at top of page to 5000 to expedite search)

Y-DNA Results Chart  (R1a and All Subclades Y-Chromosome Haplogroup Project)

Y-DNA Results Chart  (India Subcontinent DNA Project)



Genetic Genealogy Community Forums:



 SNP Z2123

 SNP Z93

 Forums Search Page 




The ARTERBURN Haplotype (STR) was identified and established by

the overall match of 34 of 37 (DYS#) markers of the Y-DNA of three 

documented descendants.  (The two descendants of William exactly

matched 37 of 37 markers, and Peter's descendant matched 34 of the

37 markers matched by the descendants of William.)  This difference

between Peter's descendant and William's descendants amounts to 

three (3) one-step mutations, and is termed "Genetic Distance" (of

three).  These particular mutations occurred with markers known to 

change or mutate more frequently than other markers.  As many as

two (2) STR mutations (i.e., Genetic Distance of two) have been 

known to occur from just one generation to the next, or between a

father and son.  These more volatile markers serve useful purposes

for genetic genealogists, such as an indicator of branching within

family lines, and also for calculating time or number of generations 

to the most recent common ancestor (TMRCA).

The Y-DNA test panel of Peter's descendant (#67603) has been

expanded to 67 (DYS#) markerswhich will improve the accuracy

of future matches for discovering our nearest genetic relatives,

whether from before or after the era of surnames began.


Statistically and for the purposes of our project, these results are

sufficient for determining our Haplotype even though further such

mutations might be uncovered if additional descendants were tested,

resulting in a slightly different modal Haplotype.   





Wikipedia:  Haplogroup R-M17/M198

Eupedia:  Haplogroup R1a

Wikipedia:  Genetics and Archaeogenetics of South Asia

Jestes/Native Heritage Project:  East India Indians in Early Colonial Records

Wikipedia:  East India Company [British]

ABC News:  East Indian Ancestry of Princess Diana

CNN:  Miss America Crowns First Winner of [East] Indian Descent

Smithsonian NMNH:  Beyond Bollywood: [East] Indian Americans Shape the Nation

Frontline:  Blurred Racial Lines of Famous Families

Wikipedia:  Historic Migrations Across Eurasia

Kerchner:  Colonial USA Deutsch Ethnic Group Anthrogenealogy Research Project