YFull Tree below). R-Y46 is our downstream terminal SNP, or the most recent
public SNP or subclade that we share with other individuals who have also tested
positive for this same Y-SNP. Our ARTERBURN descendant represented by Kit#
343708 has participated in comprehensive Y-SNP testing (Big Y), and tested
positive for R-Y46 (and also its parent clade, Y47). However, Y46 is not presently
available for individual SNP testing—only Y47. All other ARTERBURN descendants
who have been tested in our Project were positive for R-Y47, which conclusively
confirms that we all share the same genetic (patrilineal) origin.
Big Y (343708) has also yielded additional positive SNPs that may result in
future matches and in new and more recent subclades that will further refine
our Y-Haplogroup. Each new positive SNP match (subclade) will represent a
shared or common genetic ancestor, and a new and more recent relative(s)
with whom we share that common ancestor. While these ancestors may not be
personally identifiable, we may be able to locate them in a particular region
or ethnic group, subject to further refinement in future testing.
An alphanumeric nomenclature (e.g., R1a1a1b2a2a) with corresponding numbers
of one or more associated Y-SNPs (e.g., R-Z2123) has been used to identify the
have proven to be more congenial to an uncluttered and easy to read display, as
alphanumeric extensions can appear bewildering with the increase of subclades
among all Haplogroups.
For convenience, ARTERBURN Y-DNA Project will follow the current practice of
FTDNA and use only the Y-SNP number (e.g., R-Y47/46) to designate our current
and most recently identifiable subclade in Haplogroup R1a, as also illustrated by
the Y-DNA Tree of YFull.
The individuals with whom we share Y-SNPs R-Y47 (except for one Y47 who lives
in Bahrain) and R-Y46 are either living in South Asia (India) or are South Asian
ethnic or ethnolinguistic groups are represented. We share common ancestors
with these folks who have tested positive for R-Y46 and R-Y47.
The current estimate of the time frame for the most recent common ancestor
(TMRCA) for R-Y46 is approximately 3,100 years before present (ybp).
This estimate of TMRCA may change in the future as Y-DNA testing continues
and if new SNP matches occur, and as STR comparisons of such new matches
are made. Our most recent common ancestor may advance into a more
recent time frame as we discover new matches for ARTERBURN Y-DNA of
both SNPs and STRs in the future.
These test results agree with the historical evidence found in America
within the past 300 years: A physical description of Peter Arterburn
accompanied by credible attestation in court testimony in Tennessee
that Peter's ancestors "came from the East India;" an apparent linkage
of Peter by name (i.e., "Peter Atturburn alias Williams") to one or more
individuals bearing the "Williams" name and identified as "[East] Indian"
in court records in Maryland; and various other independent references
to an "Indian" heritage for ARTERBURNS in Virginia, Tennessee, and
All of the individuals with whom we have matched on
SNPs R-Y47/Y46 in the Yfull database were tested in
a research project and are not available for follow-up.
However, we have also matched at SNPs R-Y47/Y46
with a participant in the R1a1a and Subclades Y-DNA
Project. (First change "Page Size" to "5,000" for ease
of searching, then find/search "Khokhar"). Mr. Khokhar,
who is our distant genetic relative, is a Punjabi Indian
whose ancestor lived in that part of India that became
(Analysis of the atDNA of eleven (11) ARTERBURN
descendants using GEDMATCH's Eurasia K14
admixture model indicated "Kalash" ancestry
for each, as well as Southwest Asian and
South Indian ancestry. The Kalash people are
a distinct Pakistani ethnic group, more recently
associated genetically with Alexander the Great.)
If we were to pursue Big Y SNP testing of Mr. Khokhar,
we would undoubtedly learn more about our ancestral
family line in South Asia and the Old World, and also
improve our prospects for future discoveries. Our
contact administrator at the R1a1a and Subclades
Project has indicated that Mr. Khokhar would probably
consent to additional testing. To learn more or to help
advance the ARTERBURN story through genetic testing,
please contact either administrator, Charles Arterburn
or Bill Arterburn.
These Y-DNA results also agree with the Autosomal (atDNA) / X-DNA raw data
results returned from FTDNA's "Family Finder" and from Ancestry, as revealed
by GEDMATCH's Eurogenes K13 admixture model of atDNA comparison. The
atDNA results confirmed Southwest Asian/Indian as well as Native American
ancestry, as indicated by small percentages of Amerindian ancestry found in
the atDNA of TWELVE (12) descendants in seven different lines of descent from
three of the children (including William Sr.) of Peter Arterburn. The Y-DNA
results for ARTERBURN are definitive for Asian patrilineal (Peter's father)
ancestry. The atDNA results for Native American ancestry across different
lines of descent, together with the current historical evidence, suggest that
Peter's mother may have been our Native American ancestor.
Charts linked to below are continually updated, but R1a1a and Subclades