YFull Tree below). R-Y46 is our downstream terminal SNP, or the most recent
public SNP or subclade that we share with other individuals who have also tested
positive for this same Y-SNP. Our ARTERBURN descendant represented by Kit#
343708 has participated in comprehensive Y-SNP testing (Big Y), and tested
positive for R-Y46 (and also its parent clade, Y47). However, Y46 is not presently
available for individual SNP testing—only Y47. All other ARTERBURN descendants
who have been tested in our Project were positive for R-Y47, the parent clade of
R-Y46, which confirms that we all share the same genetic (patrilineal) origin.
Big Y (343708) has also yielded additional positive SNPs that may result in
future matches and in new and more recent subclades that will further refine
our Y-Haplogroup. Each new positive SNP match (subclade) will represent a
shared or common genetic ancestor, and a new and more recent relative(s)
with whom we share that common ancestor. While these ancestors may not be
personally identifiable, we may be able to locate them in a particular region
or ethnic group, subject to further refinement in future testing.
An alphanumeric nomenclature (e.g., R1a1a1b2a2a) with corresponding numbers
of one or more associated Y-SNPs (e.g., R-Z2123) has been used to identify the
have proven to be more congenial to an uncluttered and easy to read display, as
alphanumeric extensions can appear bewildering with the increase of subclades
among all Haplogroups.
For convenience, ARTERBURN Y-DNA Project will follow the current practice of
FTDNA and use only the Y-SNP number (e.g., R-Y47/46) to designate our current
and most recently identifiable subclade in Haplogroup R1a, as also illustrated by
the Y-DNA Tree of YFull.
The individuals with whom we share Y-SNPs R-Y47 (except for one Y47 who lives
in Bahrain) and/or R-Y46 are either living in South Asia (India) or are South Asian
ethnic or ethnolinguistic groups are represented. We share common ancestors
with these folks who have tested positive for R-Y46 and R-Y47.
The current estimate of the time frame for the most recent common ancestor
(MRCA) for R-Y46 is approximately 3,100 years before present (ybp).
This estimate of MRCA may change in the future as Y-DNA testing continues
and if new SNP matches occur, and as STR comparisons of such new matches
are made. Our most recent common ancestor may advance into a more
recent time frame as we discover new matches for ARTERBURN Y-DNA of
both SNPs and STRs in the future.
All of the individuals with whom we have matched on
SNPs R-Y47/Y46 in the Yfull database were tested in
a research project and are not available for follow-up.
However, we have also matched at SNPs R-Y47/Y46
with a participant in the R1a1a and Subclades Y-DNA
Project. (First change "Page Size" to "5,000" for ease
of searching, then find/search "Khokhar"). Mr. Khokhar,
who is our distant genetic relative, is a Punjabi Indian
whose ancestor lived in that part of India that became
Pakistan. More recently, a descendant of Abdussamad
Khan of India has joined the Arterburn DNA Project.
Mr. Khan's descendant shares our Haplogroup/SNP,
R-Y47, thus also our distant genetic relative with whom
we share a common ancestor at R-Y47. (Log-in to FTDNA
to view the test results of Mr. Khan's descendant on our
"DNA Results/Chart" page.)
Charts linked to below are continually updated, but R1a1a and Subclades
Although eight (8) or more generations have since intervened between
ARTERBURN descendants and our "East Indian" immigrant ancestor,
testing of autosomal DNA (atDNA) has confirmed our Asian (South or
Southwest) ancestry for most descendants who have tested with Family
Finder (FTDNA), Ancestry, or 23andMe. GEDMATCH admixture models
that compare the atDNA test results of different ethnic populations have
also confirmed our South/Southwest Asian ancestry. Y-DNA test results
remain definitive for determining the South/Southwest Asian (Indian)
origin of our ARTERBURN patrilineal ancestors.
There are no matrilineal routes of descent known from Peter Arterburn's
mother or wives so mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) testing has been
of no real value in discovering ARTERBURN ancestral origins. However,
testing of mtDNA of a matrilineal descendant (466293) of William's wife,
Nancy, has determined that she was of European matrilineal descent
and not the "full-blooded Indian" of family tradition.
Facebook: Arterburn Family Association
Wikipedia: Haplogroup R1a (Y-DNA)
Eupedia: Haplogroup R1a (Y-DNA)
National Geographic Society: Genographic Project
Roberta Estes: East India Indians in Colonial Maryland and Virginia
Smithsonian/NMNH: Beyond Bollywood: Indian Americans Shape the Nation
Miss America 2014: Nina Davuluri
ABC News: Indian Ancestry of Princess Diana