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About us


                                  Our Story As Revealed In DNA


Our ARTERBURN Y-Haplogroup (SNP) is currently identified by the subclades of  

R-Y47 and R-Y46, as displayed on our chart pages and on our SNP page (see also

YFull Tree below).   R-Y46 is our downstream terminal SNP, or the most recent

public SNP or subclade that we share with other individuals who have also tested

positive for this same Y-SNP.    Our ARTERBURN descendant represented by Kit#

343708  has  participated  in  comprehensive  Y-SNP  testing  (Big Y), and tested

positive for R-Y46 (and also its parent clade, Y47).  However, Y46 is not presently

available for individual SNP testing—only Y47.  All other ARTERBURN descendants

who have been tested in our Project were positive for R-Y47,  which conclusively

confirms that we all share the same genetic (patrilineal) origin.

Big Y (343708) has also yielded additional positive SNPs that may result in

future matches and in new and more recent subclades that will further refine 

our Y-Haplogroup.  Each new positive SNP match  (subclade)  will represent a

shared or common genetic ancestor, and a new and more recent relative(s)

with whom we share that common ancestor.  While these ancestors may not be

personally identifiable, we may be able to locate them in a particular region

or ethnic group, subject to further refinement in future testing.


An alphanumeric nomenclature (e.g., R1a1a1b2a2a) with corresponding numbers

of one or more associated Y-SNPs  (e.g., R-Z2123)  has been used to identify the 

subclades of all Haplogroups on the ISOGG Y-DNA Tree.  However, SNP numbers

have proven to be more congenial to an uncluttered and easy to read display, as

alphanumeric extensions can appear bewildering with the increase of subclades

among all Haplogroups.


For convenience, ARTERBURN Y-DNA Project will follow the current practice of 

FTDNA and use only the Y-SNP number (e.g., R-Y47/46) to designate our current 

and most recently identifiable subclade in Haplogroup R1a, as also illustrated by

the Y-DNA Tree of YFull


The individuals with whom we share Y-SNPs R-Y47 (except for one Y47 who lives

in Bahrain) and  R-Y46  are either living in South Asia (India) or are South Asian

emigrants living abroadGujarati, Sri Lankan Tamil, Telugu, Bengali, and Punjabi

ethnic or ethnolinguistic groups are represented.   We share common ancestors

with these folks who have tested positive for R-Y46 and R-Y47.

The current estimate of the time frame for the most recent common ancestor

(TMRCA)  for  R-Y46  is  approximately  3,100 years  before  present  (ybp). 

This estimate of TMRCA may change in the future as Y-DNA testing continues

and if new SNP matches occur, and as STR comparisons of such new matches

are made.    Our most recent common ancestor may advance into a more

recent time frame as we discover new matches for ARTERBURN Y-DNA of

both SNPs and STRs in the future.


    These test results agree with the historical evidence found in America

    within the past 300 years:   A physical description of Peter Arterburn

    accompanied by credible attestation in court testimony in Tennessee 

    that Peter's ancestors "came from the East India;" an apparent linkage

    of Peter by name (i.e., "Peter Atturburn alias Williams") to one or more

    individuals bearing the "Williams" name and identified as "[East] Indian"

    in court records in Maryland; and various other independent references

    to an "Indian" heritage for ARTERBURNS in Virginia, Tennessee, and

    Kentucky (see also Some Research Notes (7th ed.), Supplemental

    Notes, and the "News" page). 

           All of the individuals with whom we have matched on

           SNPs  R-Y47/Y46  in the Yfull database were tested in

           a research project and are not available for follow-up.   

           However, we have also matched at SNPs  R-Y47/Y46 

           with a participant in the R1a1a and Subclades Y-DNA

           Project.  (First change "Page Size" to "5,000" for ease

           of searching, then find/search "Khokhar").  Mr. Khokhar,

           who is our distant genetic relative,  is a Punjabi Indian

           whose ancestor lived in that part of India that became



                (Analysis of the atDNA of eleven (11) ARTERBURN

                descendants  using  GEDMATCH's  Eurasia  K14

                admixture model indicated  "Kalash"  ancestry

                for each,  as well as Southwest Asian and

                South Indian ancestry.  The Kalash people are

                a distinct Pakistani ethnic group, more recently

                associated genetically with Alexander the Great.) 


           If we were to pursue Big Y SNP testing of Mr. Khokhar,

           we would undoubtedly learn more about our ancestral 

           family line in South Asia and the Old World, and also

           improve our prospects for future discoveries.    Our

           contact administrator at the R1a1a and Subclades

           Project has indicated that Mr. Khokhar would probably

           consent to additional testing.  To learn more or to help

           advance the ARTERBURN story through genetic testing,

           please contact either administrator, Charles Arterburn 

           or Bill Arterburn.



    These Y-DNA results also agree with the Autosomal (atDNA) / X-DNA raw data 

     results returned from FTDNA's "Family Finder" and from Ancestry, as revealed 

     by GEDMATCH's Eurogenes K13 admixture model of atDNA comparison.  The

     atDNA results confirmed Southwest Asian/Indian as well as Native American

     ancestry, as indicated by small percentages of Amerindian ancestry found in

     the atDNA of TWELVE (12) descendants in seven different lines of descent from  

     three of the children (including William Sr.) of Peter Arterburn.  The Y-DNA

     results for  ARTERBURN  are definitive for  Asian  patrilineal  (Peter's father)

     ancestry.   The atDNA results for Native American ancestry across different

     lines of descenttogether with the current historical evidence, suggest that

     Peter's mother may have been our Native American ancestor.




Charts linked to below are continually updated, but R1a1a and Subclades
Y-DNA Project and  Y-DNA Tree of YFull more closely monitor and publish
new SNP discoveries as they occur worldwide and new subclades as these
are established within the larger R1a1a (R-M17/M198) group.  The Y-DNA
Tree of ISOGG is updated less frequently and extended only as major new
branching subclades are established:

Y-DNA Tree for Haplogroup R   (under construction as new 
  major subclades are established)
FTDNAR1a1a and Subclades Y-DNA Project
   (Search/Find "Arterburn" on either Chart below — first change page size 
    at top of page to 5000 to expedite search)

Y-DNA Results Chart  (Classic)
Y-DNA Results Chart  (Colorized)

FTDNA:  Other Projects That Include ARTERBURN Y-DNA Results
   (Search/Find "Arterburn" on the Charts below—first change page size 
    at top of page to 5000 to expedite search)

Y-DNA Results Chart / Chart  (R1a and All Subclades Y-Chromosome
  Haplogroup Project)


Y-DNA Results Chart / Chart  (India Subcontinent DNA Project)


 Y-DNA Tree of YFull  (ARTERBURN ID: YF02446)

  R-Z2123   R-Y47   R-Y46   

Genetic Genealogy Community Forums

 Forums Search Page

Haplotype (STR) was identified and established
by the overall match of 37 (DYS#) STR markers from the Y-DNA test
results of four documented descendants three direct descendants of
William ("Wright"="Wolf/Arterburn"), and one of Peter.  The difference
in number values of some markers represent  "one-step mutations"
(see colorized chart), and is termed "Genetic Distance."   Most of
these mutations occurred with markers known to change or mutate
more frequently than other markers.  As many as two (2) STR mutations
(i.e., Genetic Distance of two) within the 25-marker profile have been 
known to occur from just one generation to the next,  or between a
father and son.   These more volatile markers serve useful purposes
for genetic genealogists,  such as an indicator of branching within
family lines, and also for calculating time or number of generations
to the most recent common ancestor (TMRCA).  Six to seven (6-7)
generations separate all of our ARTERBURN descendants who were
tested from Peter or William and from each other, and there are no
real surprises here. 
The Y-DNA test panel of Peter's descendant (67603) has been
expanded to 67 (DYS#) markers of STRs, which will improve the
accuracy of future matches for discovering our nearest genetic
relatives, whether from before or after the beginning of the era
of surnames.


Statistically and for the purposes of our project, these results are
sufficient for determining our Y-Haplotype even though further such
STR mutations might be uncovered if additional descendants were
tested, resulting in a slightly different modal Haplotype (i.e.,"mode").