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About us


                                  Our Story As Revealed In DNA


Our ARTERBURN Y-Haplogroup (SNP) is currently identified by the subclades  

of R-Y47 and R-Y46 (see YFull Tree below).  R-Y46 is our downstream terminal

SNP, or the most recent public SNP or subclade that we share with other individuals

who have also tested positive for this same Y-SNP.   These particular Y-SNPs are

not displayed on our project's SNP page, since only a limited number of SNPs can 

be displayed from among a very large number— both positive and negative, public 

and private— that are returned in the test results of our Big Y participant (343708),

who is a descendant of both William Arterburn Sr. and of William Arterburn Jr.

The display of "Haplogroups"— or subclades within Haplogroup R1a, actually—

for ARTERBURN descendants who have been tested in our Project differs on

the DNA Results chart provided by FTDNA because of changes in the assignment

of established subclades of Haplogroup R since testing for each descendant

was completed, which conformed to FTDNA's business model and software

revisions.  In effect, the display of Haplogroups on the DNA Results chart

page should be disregarded until such time as FTDNA has adjusted this.

None of these differences in display reflect uncertainty or disagreement about

the ARTERBURN Haplogroup (attested also by direct query to the president of

FTDNA).  Our Big Y test results has confirmed all SNPs that identify our branch

of subclades within Haplogroup R thus far to R-Y46.    Big Y has also yielded 

additional positive SNPs that may result in future matches and in new and more

recent subclades that will further refine our Y-Haplogroup, as the trail of our

ancestors through the Old World to the New is disclosed.  Each new positive

SNP match (subclade) represents a shared or common genetic ancestor, and

also a new and more recent relative(s) with whom we share that common

ancestor.  While these ancestors will not be personally identifiable, we may

be able to locate them in a particular region, ethnicity, or culture, subject to

further refinement and clarification as time goes on.


An alphanumeric nomenclature (e.g., R1a1a1b2a2a) with corresponding numbers

of one or more associated Y-SNPs  (e.g., Z2123)  has been used to identify the 

subclades of all Haplogroups on the Y-DNA Tree.  However, SNP numbers have

proven to be more congenial to an uncluttered and easy to read display, as

alphanumeric extensions can appear bewildering with the increase of subclades

among all Haplogroups.


For convenience, the ARTERBURN Y-DNA PROJECT will use only the Y-SNP

number (e.g., R-Y46) to designate our currently or most recently identifiable 

subclade in Haplogroup R1a, as illustrated by the Y-DNA Tree of YFull, and as

new subclades may be established for ARTERBURN in the future.


The individuals with whom we share Y-SNPs R-Y47 and R-Y46 are either living

in South Asia or are South Asian emigrants living abroad.   Gujarati, Sri Lankan

Tamil, Telugu, Bengali, and Punjabi ethnic or ethnolinguistic groups are represented.

Thus, we share common ancestors with these folks who have tested positive

for R-Y46 and R-Y47.

The current estimate of the time frame for the most recent common ancestor

(TMRCA) for R-Y46 is approximately 3,100  (4,400 <-> 1,650)  years before

present (ybp).  This estimate of TMRCA may change in the future as Y-DNA

testing continues and if new SNP matches occur, and as STR comparisons of

such new matches are made.  Our most recent common ancestor may advance

into a more recent time frame as we discover new matches for ARTERBURN

Y-DNA of both SNPs and STRs in the future.


    These test results match the historical evidence found in America

    within the past 300 years:   A physical description of Peter Arterburn

    accompanied by credible attestation in court testimony in Tennessee 

    that Peter's patrilineal ancestors "came from the East India;"  an

    apparent linkage of Peter by name (i.e., "alias Williams") to one or

    more individuals bearing the  "Williams"  name and identified as

    "[East] Indian" in court records in Maryland;  and various other

    independent references to an "Indian" heritage for ARTERBURNS

    in Virginia, Tennessee, and Kentucky (see also Some Research

    Notes (7th ed.), Supplemental Notes, and the "News" page). 

           All of the individuals with whom we have matched on

           SNPs  R-Y47/Y46  in the Yfull database were tested in

           a research project and are not available for follow-up.   

           However, we have also matched on SNPs  R-Y47/Y46

           with a participant in the R1a1a and Subclades Y-DNA

           Project ("Find" kit #181089 or "Khokhar").  Mr. Khokhar

           is a Punjabi Indian who lives in Pakistan and our distant

           relative with whom we share a common ancestor.   If

           ARTERBURN Y-DNA PROJECT were to pursue Big Y SNP  

           testing of this individual, we would undoubtedly discover

           more about our ancestral family line in South Asia and

           the Old World.   The administrator of R1a1a Project has

           indicated that Mr. Khokhar would probably consent to

           additional testing.   To learn more or to help advance

           the ARTERBURN story through genetic testing, please

           contact administrator, William "Bill" Arterburn.





Charts linked to below are continually updated, but R1a1a and Subclades
Y-DNA Project and  Y-DNA Tree of YFull more closely monitor and publish
new SNP discoveries as they occur worldwide and new subclades as these
are established within the larger R1a1a (R-M17/M198) group.  The Y-DNA
Tree of ISOGG is updated less frequently and extended only as major new
branching subclades are established:

Y-DNA Tree for Haplogroup R   (under construction as new 
  major subclades are established)
FTDNAR1a1a and Subclades Y-DNA Project
   (Search/Find "Arterburn" on either Chart below—first change page size 
    at top of page to 5000 to expedite search)

Y-DNA Results Chart  (Classic)
Y-DNA Results Chart  (Colorized)

FTDNA:  Other Projects That Include ARTERBURN Y-DNA Results
   (Search/Find "Arterburn" on the Charts below—first change page size 
    at top of page to 5000 to expedite search)

Y-DNA Results Chart / Chart  (R1a and All Subclades Y-Chromosome
  Haplogroup Project)


Y-DNA Results Chart / Chart  (India Subcontinent DNA Project)




Y-DNA Tree of YFull  (ARTERBURN ID: YF02446)

  R-Z2123   R-Y47   R-Y46   


Genetic Genealogy Community Forums

 Forums Search Page

Haplotype (STR) was identified and established
by the overall match of 37 (DYS#) STR markers from the Y-DNA test
results of four documented descendants (three direct descendants of
William and one of Peter).  The difference in number values of some
markers represent "one-step mutations" (see colorized chart), and 
is termed Genetic Distance.   Most of these mutations occurred 
with markers known to change or mutate more frequently than other
markers.  As many as two (2) STR mutations (i.e., Genetic Distance
of two) within the 25-marker profile have been known to occur from
just one generation to the next, or between a father and son.  These
more volatile markers serve useful purposes for genetic genealogists,
such as an indicator of branching within family lines, and also for
calculating time or number of generations to the most recent common
ancestor (TMRCA).  Seven to eight generations separate all of our 
ARTERBURN descendants who were tested from Peter or William
and from each other, and there are no real surprises here. 
The Y-DNA test panel of Peter's descendant (67603) has been
expanded to 67 (DYS#) markers of STRs, which will improve the
accuracy of future matches for discovering our nearest genetic
relatives, whether from before or after the beginning of the era
of surnames.


Statistically and for the purposes of our project, these results are
sufficient for determining our Y-Haplotype even though further such
STR mutations might be uncovered if additional descendants were
tested, resulting in a slightly different modal Haplotype (i.e.,"mode").  




                             {Updated:  October 22, 2015}