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About us


                               Our Story As Revealed In DNA


Our ARTERBURN Y-Haplogroup (SNP) is currently identified by the subclades of  

R-Y47 and R-Y46, as displayed on our chart pages and on our SNP page (see also

YFull Tree below).   R-Y46 is our downstream terminal SNP, or the most recent

public SNP or subclade that we share with other individuals who have also tested

positive for this same Y-SNP.    Our ARTERBURN descendant represented by Kit#

343708  has  participated  in  comprehensive  Y-SNP  testing  (Big Y), and tested

positive for R-Y46 (and also its parent clade, Y47).  However, Y46 is not presently

available for individual SNP testing—only Y47.  All other ARTERBURN descendants

who have been tested in our Project were positive for R-Y47, the parent clade of

R-Y46, which confirms that we all share the same genetic (patrilineal) origin.

Big Y (343708) has also yielded additional positive SNPs that may result in

future matches and in new and more recent subclades that will further refine 

our Y-Haplogroup.  Each new positive SNP match  (subclade)  will represent a

shared or common genetic ancestor, and a new and more recent relative(s)

with whom we share that common ancestor.  While these ancestors may not be

personally identifiable, we may be able to locate them in a particular region

or ethnic group, subject to further refinement in future testing.


An alphanumeric nomenclature (e.g., R1a1a1b2a2a) with corresponding numbers

of one or more associated Y-SNPs  (e.g., R-Z2123)  has been used to identify the 

subclades of all Haplogroups on the ISOGG Y-DNA Tree.  However, SNP numbers

have proven to be more congenial to an uncluttered and easy to read display, as

alphanumeric extensions can appear bewildering with the increase of subclades

among all Haplogroups.


For convenience, ARTERBURN Y-DNA Project will follow the current practice of 

FTDNA and use only the Y-SNP number (e.g., R-Y47/46) to designate our current 

and most recently identifiable subclade in Haplogroup R1a, as also illustrated by

the Y-DNA Tree of YFull


The individuals with whom we share Y-SNPs R-Y47 (except for one Y47 who lives

in Bahrain) and/or R-Y46 are either living in South Asia (India) or are South Asian

emigrants living abroadGujarati, Sri Lankan Tamil, Telugu, Bengali, and Punjabi

ethnic or ethnolinguistic groups are represented.   We share common ancestors

with these folks who have tested positive for R-Y46 and R-Y47.

The current estimate of the time frame for the most recent common ancestor

(MRCA)  for  R-Y46  is  approximately  3,100 years  before  present  (ybp). 

This estimate of MRCA may change in the future as Y-DNA testing continues

and if new SNP matches occur, and as STR comparisons of such new matches

are made.    Our most recent common ancestor may advance into a more

recent time frame as we discover new matches for ARTERBURN Y-DNA of

both SNPs and STRs in the future.


           All of the individuals with whom we have matched on

           SNPs  R-Y47/Y46  in the Yfull database were tested in

           a research project and are not available for follow-up.   

           However, we have also matched at SNPs  R-Y47/Y46 

           with a participant in the R1a1a and Subclades Y-DNA

           Project.  (First change "Page Size" to "5,000" for ease

           of searching, then find/search "Khokhar").  Mr. Khokhar,

           who is our distant genetic relative,  is a Punjabi Indian

           whose ancestor lived in that part of India that became

         Pakistan.   More recently, a descendant of Abdussamad

           Khan  of  India  has  joined  the  Arterburn  DNA  Project.  

           Mr.  Khan's  descendant  shares  our  Haplogroup/SNP, 

           R-Y47, thus also our distant genetic relative with whom

           we share a common ancestor at R-Y47. (Log-in to FTDNA

           to view the test results of Mr. Khan's descendant on our

           "DNA Results/Chart" page.)





Charts linked to below are continually updated, but R1a1a and Subclades
Y-DNA Project and  Y-DNA Tree of YFull more closely monitor and publish
new SNP discoveries as they occur worldwide and new subclades as these
are established within the larger R1a1a (R-M17/M198) group.  The Y-DNA
Tree of ISOGG is updated less frequently and extended only as major new
branching subclades are established:

Y-DNA Tree for Haplogroup R   (under construction as new 
  major subclades are established)
FTDNAR1a1a and Subclades Y-DNA Project
   (Search/Find "Arterburn" on either Chart below — first change page size 
    at top of page to 5000 to expedite search)

Y-DNA Results Chart  (Classic)
Y-DNA Results Chart  (Colorized)

FTDNA:  Other Projects That Include ARTERBURN Y-DNA Results
   (Search/Find "Arterburn" on the Charts below—first change page size 
    at top of page to 5000 to expedite search)

Y-DNA Results Chart / Chart  (R1a and All Subclades Y-Chromosome
  Haplogroup Project)


Y-DNA Results Chart / Chart  (India Subcontinent DNA Project)


 Y-DNA Tree of YFull  (ARTERBURN ID: YF02446)

  R-Z2123   R-Y47   R-Y46   

Haplotype (STR) was identified and established
by the overall match of 37 (DYS#) STR markers from the Y-DNA test
results of five documented descendants  three direct descendants of
William (including "Wright" = Wolf/Arterburn), one of John, and one of 
James.  A highlighted marker value (e.g., under DYS449) represents a
"mutation" (see colorized chart) of  "Genetic Distance"  between two
individuals.  Naturally occurring mutations can happen more frequently
with some selected markers than with others.  As many as two (2) STR
mutations (i.e., Genetic Distance of two) within the 25-marker profile 
have been known to occur from just one generation to the next,  or 
between a father and son.   These more volatile markers serve useful 
purposes for genetic genealogists,  such as an indicator of branching 
within family lines, and also for calculating the number of generations
to the most recent common ancestor (TMRCA).    Five to eight (5-8)
generations separate all of our ARTERBURN descendants who were
tested from James and John and William, and from each other, and
there are no real surprises here. 

Test panels of the descendants of James (67603) and John (734257)
have been expanded to 67 (DYS#) STR markers.

Statistically and for the purposes of our project, these results are
sufficient for determining our Y-Haplotype even though further such
STR mutations might be uncovered if additional descendants were
tested, resulting in a slightly different ancestral Haplotype 

Although eight (8) or more generations have since intervened between  

ARTERBURN descendants and our "East Indian" immigrant ancestor,

testing of autosomal DNA (atDNA) has confirmed our Asian (South or

Southwest) ancestry for most descendants who have tested with Family

Finder (FTDNA), Ancestry, or 23andMe.  GEDMATCH admixture models  

that compare the atDNA test results of different ethnic populations have

also confirmed our South/Southwest Asian ancestry.  Y-DNA test results 

remain definitive for determining the South/Southwest Asian (Indian) 

origin of our ARTERBURN patrilineal ancestors.


There are no matrilineal routes of descent known from Peter Arterburn's 

mother or wives so  mitochondrial DNA  (mtDNA)  testing has been   

of no real value in discovering ARTERBURN ancestral origins.  However,  

testing of mtDNA of a matrilineal descendant (466293) of William's wife,

Nancy, has determined that she was of European matrilineal descent 

and not the "full-blooded Indian" of family tradition.



Facebook:  Arterburn Family Association

Wikipedia:  Haplogroup R1a  (Y-DNA)

Eupedia:  Haplogroup R1a  (Y-DNA)

National Geographic Society:  Genographic Project

Roberta Estes:  East India Indians in Colonial Maryland and Virginia 

Smithsonian/NMNH:  Beyond Bollywood: Indian Americans Shape the Nation

Miss America 2014:  Nina Davuluri

ABC News:  Indian Ancestry of Princess Diana