The Arterburn Family in America was previously researched and the branches of descendants first published in The Arterburn Cousins (1977), although not without errors. Our primary goal in DNA testing has been to determine our Y-Haplogroup (Y-SNP) and our ancient ancestral roots, and thereby confirm the Old World origins prior to immigration to America of our earliest patrilineal ancestor, which had not been discovered by the authors of The Arterburn Cousins. This goal has been achieved. Except for the testing of other surnames, *** all test participants were documented “Arterburn” descendants, with the exception of Wright/Wolfe (#130864), who was tested because of an early published attribution of (unidentified) Arterburn ancestral paternity for Richard Wolfe, which is now confirmed by Y-DNA testing. Test results of our descendants revealed that all share in common, within accepted parameters, the Arterburn Family Y-Haplotype (Y-STR)—the string of genetic markers that identifies our Family’s patrilineal line, represented by the numbers (DYS#) displayed on our Chart (see DNA Results on sidebar). Participants could choose between tests of 37, 67, or 111 Y-STR markers, although the 37-marker test was sufficient for our project’s purpose, which was primarily to confirm ancestral origins, since Arterburn patrilineal relatives are generally known already from The Arterburn Cousins. (Some dates for Arterburn ancestors originally displayed by participants on our Chart have since been revised—see the FIND A GRAVE biographical summaries referenced below for currently accepted dates.)
BIG Y testing of an Arterburn male descendant (#343708) by Family Tree DNA (FTDNA) has definitively established the Arterburn Family Y-Haplogroup(s) of Y-SNPs R-Y47 and R-Y46 on the R1a branch of the human Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree (see YFULL below), which confirms the Southwest Asian (Indian) origin of the patrilineal ancestry of Peter Arterburn as implied in public records in Maryland, Virginia, and Tennessee. BIG Y test results for this descendant is displayed only as his confirmed (in green) Haplogroup (see Chart). These findings are also mirrored in the test results of additional Arterburn descendants who completed individual confirmatory testing (in green) for Y-SNP, R-Y47, which is the Southwest Asian (Indian) parent clade closely linked with R-Y46. (An individual test for R-Y46 was not then available, but unnecessary because of our BIG Y and Y-STR test results.) Both of these Y-SNPs, or "single-nucleotide polymorphisms"—genetic mutations, originated 3-4,000 years ago in two of our ancestors in Southwest Asia, and all who test positive today for these Y-SNPs are descendants of those common ancestors.
Our Arterburn descendant (#860224) with Y-Haplogroup R-M198 displayed (in red) has not been confirmed for Y-SNP R-Y47, but has Y-STR test results that match the Arterburn Family Y-Haplotype (DYS#). Y-Haplogroup R-M198 represents an earlier common ancestor on our branch of the Y-Haplogroup Tree (see YFULL below), and an older or parent clade of Y-Haplogroup R-Y47. FTDNA’s Y-DNA tests initially include (in red) only a prediction of the most common Y-Haplogroup (Y-SNP) revealed in each test. Additional Y-SNP testing is generally necessary if confirmation or refinement of the Haplogroup is desired. Our comprehensive BIG Y test results together with additional Y-SNP testing that confirmed (in green) R-Y47 for all other Arterburn descendants made further Y-SNP testing of this descendant unnecessary.
*** We were fortunate to find an “Otterburn” (Y-Haplogroup R1b, M269+) from the United Kingdom and an “Arthaber” (Y-Haplogroup I, M223+) from Austria—both were immigrants to the United States during the 20th century—who agreed to participate for testing in an earlier stage of our project. Their test results serve to show that both of these Family lines are on entirely different branches of the Y-Haplogroup Tree than “Arterburn” (Y-Haplogroup R1a, Y47+), separated genetically by thousands of years, and that neither is related to us or to each other within the historical era, regardless of the similarity of surnames. The test results of these particular Otterburn and Arthaber Family lines are illustrative only and now irrelevant. The surname of Peter Atterburn/Arterburn was phonetically derived from his mother’s surname, “Weatherburn,” in Prince George’s County, Maryland. Our “Arterburn” surname originated with Peter, and did not exist prior to his lifetime in America. Quite simply, to continue to search for the relatedness or common origin of “Atterburn/Arterburn” with any other Old World surname of similar spelling and/or pronunciation would be meaningless. Our Y-DNA test results, of course, simply and definitively corroborates this fact that Peter’s patrilineal ancestors “came from East India,” not from Europe.
See the biographical summaries in the Memorials for Peter Arterburn (ID# 227801355), William Arterburn, Sr. (ID# 202353177), Jemima Collins (ID# 202352142), James Arterburn, Sr. (ID# 202406359), and William Arterburn, Jr. (ID# 202574697) in FIND A GRAVE for details of the most current historical findings. (https://www.findagrave.com/. Search using “Memorial ID#”)
ISOGG: International Society of Genetic Genealogy provides a wealth of genetic genealogy
resources, including easy to understand explanations of DNA tests and terms.
FTDNA (Family Tree DNA) R1a1a and Subclades Y-DNA Project
FTDNA (Family Tree DNA) Indian Subcontinent DNA Project
chronologically more recent Y-SNP mutations which reveal new subclades of R-Y46
that are included in our ancestral line (e.g., R-Y931, R-Y609) of more recent although
still early, virtually prehistoric genetic ancestors and relatives: