The single most compelling research question for ARTERBURN descendants that
remains unanswered: If Peter Arterburn was of "East Indian" or South Asian
(patrilineal) descent—as historical sources attest and Y-DNA testing clearly
supports, then who was the source of the "Atterburn/Arterburn" surname?
And a corollary question: If Peter was the son of the East Indian indentured
servant, John Williams— as the name of "Peter Atterburn alias Williams"
recorded in Charles County Court suggests, could "Atterburn/Arterburn" have
been a maternal ancestral surname, or was it just a name that Peter adopted?
Below are listed some resources that may assist further research:
Maryland and Delaware / by Paul Heinegg.
John Williams in Charles County Court (12 November 1706,
14 January 1706/7)
"William Davis Arterburn" (see Cousins, p. 380)
Family Search: Charles County, Maryland Genealogy
Family Search: Talbot County, Maryland Genealogy
Wikipedia: Haplogroup R-M17
National Geographic Society: Genographic Project
Smithsonian/NMNH: Beyond Bollywood: Indian Americans Shape the Nation
Native Heritage Project: East Indians in Early Colonial Records
Miss America 2014: Nina Davuluri
ABC News: Indian Ancestry of Princess Diana