The Haplogroup H&HV mtGenome Project: H4- Background



This is the H4 mtDNA Full Genomic Sequence (mtGenome) Project. To Join you must:

  • Have Results from the mtDNA Full Genomic Sequence test at Family Tree DNA.
  • Have your HVR1, HVR2, and Coding Region results turned on.

In addition, among testees in the FTDNA database who have not joined this project are a few who assert maternal origins in Spain, Turkey,Wales, France and Sweden. And of course academic studies point to much older origins in the Levant, Arabia, Egypt and the Caucasus.

H4 is among the oldest H clades, with about 20 differences from the revised Cambridge Reference Sequence being pretty typical. (A few testees have differences in the mid- to  high-20s.)

The coding region results can be used to identify your lowest level subclade and any close matches in the H & HV Projects, to estimate the age and origins of each subclade, and to identify new subclades in the H &HV Phylogeny tree

If you make your coding region data visible to administrators your privacy is protected at all times. The coding region results are not shown on the project webpage and will not be made public, and by default they are also hidden from the project administrators.


To share your coding region results with the project administrators, you can:

log into your FTDNA account, click on the tab "My Account" and select "Results Display Settings".

Check the circle next to “Yes” for " Show My mtDNA Coding Region Mutations to Administrators of these Projects.

You can just select the one to theH&HV project or to all the other projects you maybe in.

Then, on the right hand side of the “Results Display Settings” choose “ Project Administrators Settings” –select “limited” .

 Add the information for your maternal ancestor --this is always a woman, if known.

Add the geographic coordinates for your maternal ancestor

Project Stats

Statistic Type Count
Big Y 8
Combined GEDCOMs Uploaded 35
DISTINCT mtDNA Haplogroups 25
DISTINCT Y-DNA Confirmed Haplogroups 20
DISTINCT Y-DNA Predicted Haplogroups 6
Family Finder 81
Genographic 2.0 Transfers 14
Maternal Ancestor Information 122
mtDNA 132
mtDNA Full Sequence 128
mtDNA Plus 132
mtDNA Subgroups 29
Paternal Ancestor Information 112
Predicted Y-DNA Haplogroups 44
Total Members 136
Unpredicted Y-DNA Haplogroups 1
Unreturned Kits 2
Y-DNA Deep Clade (After 2008) 22
Y-DNA Deep Clade (Prior to 2008) 19
Y-DNA Subgroups 0
Y-DNA111 21
Y-DNA12 60
Y-DNA25 59
Y-DNA37 57
Y-DNA67 48