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About us

General Technical Introduction  


I1a- M253  Project Ancestors

  •    John & Thomas Winchester 1768 tax list Rowan/Guilford 
  •    William & Douglas Winchester 1766 Mecklenburg/Union
  •    Andrew & Joseph Winchester migration (likely from Mecklenburg) to Smith/DeKalb/Putnam/Smith, Tennessee
  •    Francis Winchester 1800 Rowan/Burke migrating 1830s to Wayne County, KY and then west
  •    Robert & Caleb Taylor of  early 1750s Tryon/Rutherford

One of the true Norse markers is found at its highest density in Northern Europe and other countries that experienced extensive migrations and invasions by the ancient Germanic Peoples and the Vikings. It is widely dispersed eastward to the Black Sea and westward to the coast of Ireland and Iceland where the Vikings roamed. It is suggested that it initially dispersed from the area that is now Denmark. Descendants today are located primarily alongside Celtic populations, and displays a very clear frequency gradient, with approximately 40 percent among the populations of western Finland,around40 percent in Sweden as a whole, and close to 60 percent in western Norway. In Britain, I-M253 is often used as a marker for "Viking Invaders". In the modern era, significant I-M253 populations have also taken root in immigrant nations and former European colonies such as United States, Canada, and Australia.


I2a-P37& -L1498 Project Ancestors      

  • John Winchester of 1635 Massachusetts Bay colony

Strongly related to Germanic Goths and Visigoths, likely arriving in England via descendants among Anglo Saxon and other Germanic incursions.  Haplogroup I2 is the most common paternal lineage in former Yugoslavia, Romania, Bulgaria and Sardinia, and a major lineage in most Slavic countries. These minor subclades are found at low frequencies mainly in north-Western Europe,especially in the British Isles, north-west France and northern Germany, but also in Switzerland and Scandinavia.


R1a-M512 Project Ancestors 

  • John Winchester of 1640s Jamestown and Kent Isle Fortification

In Europe, found at highest levels among peoples of Eastern European descent (Sorbs, Poles, Russians and Ukrainians. In the Baltic countries R1a1a frequencies decrease from Lithuania (45%) to Estonia (around 30%)). Levels in Hungarians have been noted between 20 and 60%.  There is a significant presence in peoples of Scandinavian descent, with highest levels in Norway and Iceland, where between 20 and 30% of men are in R1a1a. Vikings and Normans may have also carried the R1a1a lineage westward; accounting for at least part of the small presence in the British Isle.  In East Germany where haplogroup R1a1a averages between 20%-30%.


R1b-M269  Project Ancestors  

  • Willobye Winchester of Ninety-Six/Pendleton/Pickens SC     

  • Thomas Winchester of 1850 PEI, New Brunswick, Canada    

Termed the “Celtic”marker and is the most frequently occurring Y chromosome haplogroup in Western Europe, dominated by the downstream subclades of R1b1b – especially R1b1b2 (R-M269). Found with over 50% males in most ancient provinces of western Europe, but over 80% in Basque, Portugal, Wales, Ireland, western Scotland.  It extends to some parts of Russia (the Bashkir minority), Central Asia (e.g. Turkmenistan)and Central Africa (e.g. Chad and Cameroon). It is also present at lower frequencies throughout Eastern Europe, Western Asia, as well as parts of North Africa and South Asia.


E1b-M84  Project Ancestors

  • George Winchester of Ohio/Alabama.

Distributed around coasts of Mediterranean Sea,especially Coastal Spain and the Balkans.  Also quite common in many Semitic communities, including among both Ashenazi and Sephardic Jews, accounting for over 10% of all male lines. Famous members are Einstein, Rothschild family, Popes from Borghese family.Famous members are Einstein, Rothschild family, Popes from Borghese family.