R1a Project

  • 11501 members

About us

This Project is open for all R1a (R-M512) Y-haplogroup members. We encourage our members to test at least 37 STR-markers in order to review your haplotype.

The chart below is a simple, basic version of the actual SNP tree depicting clade positions and relations as well as approximate dates and probable ethnic or geographical spread. The chart and maps include some estimation and conjecture, and should not be taken as proven fact. Most R1a1a clades and branches cannot be fully characterized by simple ethnic labels.

Please ask our expert advice before ordering any SNP tests, including the "SNP Pack" test. We can then give appropriate recommendations in private email.

The R1a1a and Subclades administrators team:

* Łukasz Lubicz Łapiński
Founder and main administrator of the project. Ph.D in Polish history.
Specialisation: Polish Genealogy and Heraldry
Administrator of Masovian Nobility Project, Nobility of Grand Duchy of Lithuania Y-DNA & mtDNA Project, Lubicz Clan Y-DNA Project
Admin of M458>L260 section, Central European subclades.

* Michał Milewski (Poland)
Researcher in the field of medical genetics and cell biology. Ph.D. in Medical Biology.

Artur Martyka (Poland)
Admin of Z280 section, Eurasian subclades.
Recruitment of a people to the Project.
Newsman on a Facebook page

Sergei Leonov (Finland)
Admin of M458>CTS11962 (L1029+YP515) section, Central European subclades.

* Svein Arnolf Bjørndal (Norway)
Admin of Z284 section, Scandinavian subclades.

* Anne M Berge (Norway)
Admin of NORWAY Project

* Andrew McEachern
Manager Data Centres Facilities and Networks
Co authored Scotland's R1a1 Highland Clansmen, DNA genealogy and the search for Somerled (with Anatole Klyosov)
Administrator of McEachern Y-DNA Project
Admin of Z284 section, British and Scotish subclades.

Information about R1a1a on our webpage
Make sure you check in here and look for:
* News section with updates on new discoveries
* Results section with maps and descriptions of the subclades (under construction)
* Members' results sections of STR-values sorted into subclades and the list of SNPs each member has actually tested.

Communication with other members:

If you are on Facebook, please like our official page.

* ISOGG's Y-tree has a detailed overview of known SNPs to define subclades.
* R1a.org - by Paul Shvarov
* Wikipedia's page on R1a
* Polish Clades by Peter Gwozdz
* The Nordic R1a-project an informal Google group in Norwegian

Research and Scientific Papers:
* Karafet et al. 2008. "New Binary Polymorphisms Reshape and Increase Resolution of the Human Y-Chromosomal Haplogroup Tree." Genome Research 18 (5): 830
* Behar et al. 2003. "Multiple Origins of Ashkenazi Levites: Y Chromosome Evidence for Both Near Eastern and European Ancestries." American Journal of Human Genetics. 
* Dupuy et al. 2005. "Geographical heterogeneity of Y-chromosomal lineages in Norway." Forensic Science International
* Kayser et al. 2005. "Significant genetic differentiation between Poland and Germany follows present-day political borders, as revealed by Y-chromosome analysis." Human Genetics., 117  
* Sengupta et al. 2006. "Polarity and Temporality of High-Resolution Y-Chromosome Distributions in India Identify Both Indigenous and Exogenous Expansions and Reveal Minor Genetic Influence of Central Asian Pastoralists." American Journal of Human Genetics. 
* Karlsson et al. 2006. "Y-chromosome diversity in Sweden – A long-time perspective." European Journal of Human Genetics. 
* Lappalainen et al. 2008. "Migration Waves to the Baltic Sea Region." Annals of Human Genetics. 
* Balanovsky et al. 2008. "Two Sources of the Russian Patrilineal Heritage in Their Eurasian Context." American Journal of Human Genetics.
* Sharma et al. 2008. "The Indian origin of paternal haplogroup R1a1* substantiates the autochthonous origin of Brahmins and the caste system." Journal of Human Genetics.
* Gwozdz 2009. "Y-STR Mountains in Haplospace, Part II: Application to Common Polish Clades." Journal of Genetic Genealogy.
* Klyosov 2009. "DNA Genealogy, Mutation Rates, and Some Historical Evidence Written in Y-Chromosome, Part II: Walking the Map." Journal of Genetic Genealogy.
* Underhill et al. 2009. "Separating the post-Glacial coancestry of European and Asian Y chromosomes within haplogroup R1a." European Journal of Human Genetics.
* Woźniak et al. 2010. "Similarities and Distinctions in Y Chromosome Gene Pool of Western Slavs." American Journal of Physical Anthropology.
* Primorac et al. 2011. "Croatian genetic heritage: Y-chromosome story." Croatian Medical Journal.
* Haber et al. 2012. "Afghanistan's Ethnic Groups Share a Y-Chromosomal Heritage Structured by Historical Events." Public Library of Science.
* Grugni et al. 2012. "Ancient Migratory Events in the Middle East: New Clues from the Y-Chromosome Variation of Modern Iranians." Public Library of Science.

Ancient Haplogroup R1a:
* Schilz 2006; Schweitzer 2008. "Lichtenstein Cave Data Analysis."
* Haak et al. 2008. "Ancient DNA, Strontium isotopes, and osteological analyses shed light on social and kinship organization of the Later Stone Age." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
* Keyser et al. 2009. "Ancient DNA provides new insights into the history of south Siberian Kurgan people." Human Genetics.
* Li et al. 2010. "Evidence that a West-East admixed population lived in the Tarim Basin as early as the early Bronze Age." BMC Biology.
* Kim et al. 2010. "A Western Eurasian Male Is Found in 2000-Year-Old Elite Xiongnu Cemetery in Northeast Mongolia." American Journal of Physical Anthropology.
* Freder 2010. "Die mittelalterlichen Skelette von Usedom."