This site gives us space to give each lineage its due, to update them as needed and allows us to link to them as appropriate.
This page on our site is about results from the project, but with so many Taylor lines and so much genetic variety, it is hard to sum up results briefly. We can say this much about our overall results so far:
- Taylor DNA isn't all the same. We see wide genetic diversity among our members. We've identified at least 200 individual & unique Taylor lineages among the more than 700 members who've tested yDNA. There is also variety in the mtDNA and autosomal DNA.
- There is not one Taylor patriarch from whom we're all descended, but many Taylor families unrelated to each other in a genealogical sense. Having yDNA that falls into many haplogroups is more proof of separate Taylor lines dating back many millennia.
- The cause for the the many lines of descendancy and genetic diversity is probably the occupational & multi-point origin of the name. The name seems to have been adopted by many widely-dispersed families over a relatively short period of time in the late 14th century.
- Taylor is a common surname. It was the 13th most common name in the 2000 US census (0.31% of the population, ~720,000 people) and 5th most common in England (about 350,000 people). About 1,500,000 people worldwide bear the Taylor name.
The commonness of the name puts a premium on careful and thorough research, supplemented by DNA testing. We recommend at least a 37-marker Y-STR test to discriminate between Taylor lines.
- We have identified, to date, more than 110 paternal lineage groups of multiple project members (i.e., "genetic families" or "clusters"). Most could not share a direct paternal ancestor more recent than a thousand years ago.
- The most common Taylor haplogroup is R1b (specifically, R1b1a2 or R-M269) and its sub-clades, with ~70% of project members. Next is haplogroup I and its sub-clades at ~15%; then E at 6%; J at 2.5%; then R1a & G at ~2% each. We also have small numbers of project members in haplogroups A, N. O & Q.
- Most (~2/3) of the R1b is R-P312, 45% of all project members; most of R-P312 is R-L21, generally associated with Celtic ancestry.
- The remaining 1/3 of R1b (23% of all members) is R-U106, associated with Germanic (Anglo-Saxon) ancestry.
- Haplogroup I1 (I-M253) includes 10% of members; it is associated with Scandinavian origins.
- Haplogroup I2 (I-M223) includes 5% of members; it is also associated with Scandinavian origins.
- We've now tested a total of more than 1,200 members, ~80% of them have yDNA tests. We expect further testing will help fill in the blanks and unanswered questions, but will not greatly change the overall picture.
- These statistical findings are not surprising. They are consistent with a 14th century surname of multi-point, English occupational origin. Taylor genetics roughly mirror those of the British Isles.
- We may be on the verge of identifying Taylor genetic families' relationships predating the surname's adoption. Findings will be published on our separate website, www.TaylorFamilyGenes.info.
SURVEY OF TAYLOR DNA:
We are making progress on our goal to survey Taylor Y-DNA. We are beginning to see which Taylor genetic families are more closely related, and which more distantly. It is a difficult task because (1) of the wide variety in the DNA and (2) we are -- mostly -- looking beyond genealogical time, 5,000 or more years in the past. Fortunately, special tools allow us to measure the similarity and dissimilarity of any pair of project members.
We have, for example, found a cluster of genetic families near the center of the DNA space in R1b and another cluster of families sharing Irish heritage. More information on the survey can be found on each genetic family's group page.
If you have comments, questions, corrections, go to the "Contact Us" page and talk to us. Ralph Taylor is the webmaster. You may also send a message to be posted on our blog at: http://taylortopicsdna.blogspot.com.
Your Taylor Family Genes team: Ralph, Lalia, Josh, Leigh and George & Judy