FTDNA's "DNA DAY" sale ended on April 28, 2018.
Please tell us if you need help paying for your Big Y test.
Questions & Comments Are Welcome
QUESTION # 1 : "After reading all the info on the Stewart Project web site, I am confused as to which test to recommend to my Stuart surname cousin to take. It appears that taking any of the STR tests would not be recommended. What would you recommend?"
Unfortunately, FTDNA does not sell individual SNP (single-nucleotide polymorphism) tests to men who have not already ordered at least a $59.00 Y-12 Short Tandem Repeat (STR) test (from which no Big Y tester is likely to benefit), e.g., by clicking on THIS LINK, or by telephoning FTDNA at 713-868-1438 Monday - Thursday 9 am to 4:30 pm CST or Friday 9 am to noon & 1 to 4:30 pm.
QUESTION # 2 : "Sir John Stewart of Bonkyll's 9th great grandson King James died in 1625. How can one prove that they had the R-S781 mutation ?"
Welcome to FTDNA's exclusive genealogical & anthropological project for y-DNA tested members of the patrilineal family of Alan fitz Flaad (born ~1078).
If you discover your own TERMINAL SNPs via an NGS test, you can prove to which branches of your patriline you belong back to Y-Chromosomal "ADAM", who lived ~235,900 years before present (ybp). See # 35 in Column # 1 below. Administrator Desideriu's S781 phylogenetic trees below & HERE display some Terminal SNPs of King James I of England & several other patrilineal descendants of Sir John Stewart. They also inherited all of the other SNPs listed in Column # 1 below. SNPs that were inherited by other branches of Alan fitz Flaad's patriline are displayed HERE. Please suffix your Terminal SNP to your surname in your contact information, e.g. STEWART (S781, Bonkyll branch).
The parts of Columns 2 & 3 about y-DNA tests are easy to understand. Studious people who use a DICTIONARY may understand the other columns, which are about genetic ANTHROPOLOGY. Move your cursor to images, hyperlinks or text to see sources, etc. & click on them to learn more. Control the size of images & text via Ctrl +/- keys. Read about this project near the bottom of Column # 4.
King James' Patriline Back To Adam
The 35 sub-clades or haplogroups (Hg) listed below are named after SNP mutations, e.g., L746, L21 or M269. Terrminal SNPs allow scientists to create phylogenetic trees that show exactly how distant cousins are related to each other, & even where & who King James' patrilineal ancestors were branch by branch all the way back to the Fertile Crescent, to the first farmers & to "Y-Chromosomal ADAM".
The distinctive non-Negroid Kiffian skull shown half way down Column # 4 also proves that the Chadic Ouldémé, the ancient Egyptians & Hittites, the Kiffians of Gobero in Niger, & the Celts, Vikings, Slavs, Kurds, Yazidis & all other Aryan (Hg. R & I) nations belong to the Hamitic race. A Hamite is a "member of a group of peoples of northern & northeast Africa, including the Berbers, Tuaregs, & the ancient Egyptians, thought to be descendants of the biblical patriarch Ham."
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"Studies have reported that most Irish & Britons are descendants of Neolithic farmers who left modern day Iraq & Syria" (& Egypt, Israel, etc). Genetic researchers Jobling & Balaresque say that they "have found compelling evidence that four out of five (80% of) white Europeans can trace their roots to the Near East." 
How To Discover To Which Branch Of Your Patriline You Belong
A Big Y test may be the best & cheapest way to identify the UNKNOWN branch(es) of the patriline to which a man belongs. This goal can not be achieved via Y-DNA111, etc. STR tests.
Big Y Results Analysis
SNPs Are The BEST Proof Of Ancestry
SNPs are unique, almost 100% permanent mutation(s).
The Goal of This Project's Administrators
We want to help each MALE descendant of Alan fitz Flaad:
The sooner at least one man from each branch of our agnatic family has a Big Y or more useful NGS test, the sooner our genealogical goals can be achieved. About half of the Y-DNA tested members of this project have already had a Big Y test. More of them might have done so if they had not felt that they had been manipulated into squandering their money on obsolete STR, etc. tests.
Individual SNP Tests
Individual SNP tests can determine only to which KNOWN branches one belongs. To which UNKNOWN branches of our patrilineal family distantly related cousins belong can be discovered ONLY via NGS tests.
(Column # 2) Back to Top
Why Identify Members of Your Own Branch?
Few members of this project have much genealogical information about their seventeenth century patrilineal ancestors. Men who have the same Terminal SNP(s) belong to the same branch, & can help each other to break through their genealogical "brick walls" from several directions instead of from only one! The MORE members of a branch discover their Terminal SNP(s) & ~500 y-STR marker values, the more likely they will be able to identify their y-MRCA. This is one of the reasons that FTDNA's following projects have offered to use their General Funds to help their members to pay for their Big Y tests, e.g., if they tested positive for:
Click here or scroll down to see the list of those who contributed to our General Fund.
DNA Sample Collection
In order to avoid contamination & having to order another DNA sample collection kit, brush your teeth before sleeping overnight. Obtain a DNA sample as soon as you awaken, before brushing your teeth or eating or drinking anything.
You may be able to find a discount coupon via the Internet, e.g., Big Y coupons worth up to $125 off were displayed via a group spreadsheet during FTDNA sales that began before Thanksgiving & ended on December 31, 2016 & 2017. Some of us bought our Big Y tests for less than $400, & even less if we received assistance from our General Fund.
Why do so many of FTDNA's unpaid project administrators encourage members of their projects to order expensive y-STR, Geno 2 & other SNP PACK tests via which NO NEW BRANCHES of our patriline can be discovered, BEFORE they order a REAL Next Generation Sequencing test, e.g., Big Y? Do they think that we are too penny wise & pound foolish to pay less than $100 more for a far better product?
The ~500 Y-STR marker values that are displayed in the aforesaid Table # 1 were discovered via an analysis of my Big Y test results. In order to obtain them I had to pay $49, less than $.10 per marker value (FTDNA charges about $3.00 each) to the company that creates our colorized ~500 Y-STR marker value comparison tables, & to which some of FTDNA's projects turn for Big Y analysis.
Date: Tue, Apr 25, 2017 at 1:38 PM
SNP vs. STR Tests
Almost 100% of SNPs are permanent mutations. They therefore indicate ancestry far more reliably than STR marker values can. Some descendants of Charles II & everyone listed in the S781 phylogenetic tree at the top of this page tested positive for SNP S781. They therefore have 100% proof that they descend from Sir John Stewart of Bonkyll, & possibly even from King James I of England.
Our General Fund will gladly pay for the NGS tests of the descendants of James VI & I & other aristocratic members of this Stewart family who have trustworthy pedigrees if their results are made public. The University of Stratclyde has been most helpful in this regard. Knowing when a SNP, e.g., S768, first occurred may help some of us to learn more about our own ancestors.
The GD between duke #39568 & Robert "Robin" STEWART (1785 - 1865) of Stover Creek, SC is only 3, if his y-STR haplotype included only the three off-modal BRANCH STR marker values that his two gggGrandsons (4th cousins 199984 & 143035) have in common. If so, according to FTDNA's estimates in Table # 8 on Row # 9 on Page # 2, there is a 95% probablilty that the y-MRCA of Duke #39568 & Robert lived about 450 years ago (1567 AD), & may have therefore been as closely related to the aforesaid Earl as Henry Stuart (7 December 1545 – 10 February 1567), a manly great-grandson of King Henry 7th of England, & the second husband & first cousin of Scottish Queen Mary Stuart. 100% proof would require a comparison of their most recent Terminal SNPs.
(Column # 3) Back to Top
Column # 4 - Columns # 5, 6, 7, etc. on Row # 4 of PAGE # 2 are also about genetic anthropology.
The History & Migrations of Haplogroup R
Celtic, etc. Neolithic farmers fled to the Fertile Crescent from a Sahelian drought during the LGM, & to Europe from the Semitic & Mongoloid herdmen of Asia during the first holocaust of a civilized nation.
Map # 1 - Exodus from Sahel. Map # 2 - African Sahel & Sahara. Map # 3 - Ice sheet that preceded the Holocene.
Map # 6 above - "Undifferentiated haplogroup L3 is widely distributed, particularly in the Chad Basin." Several droughts forced the HG L3 ancestors of Mongoloids, Crô-Magnons & Hamites (Aryans) to congregate in the vicinity of Lake Chad. Some of them migrated from the Sahel to Eurasia during each stadial.
Map # 9 above shows that some Hamites (Hg R) never left the vicinity of Lake Chad. Others migrated to the Fertile Crescent about 18 KYA, harvested the seeds of wild grasses because there was so little game, & became the first farmers (Kebaron & Natufian) on earth (hunter-gatherers already occupied the rest of Eurasia). Semitic herdsmen & terrorists motivated most of these Hamitic farmers to escape to Anatolia before ~3 KYA, & from there by land & sea to the Pyrennes & to the other parts of Eurasia shown in the map # 9 above.
Map # 11 below shows vegetation during the Last Glacial Maximum (26,500-19,000 years ago).
Map # 12
How Many Species of Mankind ?
Arrow # 2 in the picture of the skull of a modern European above points to the nasal sill or dam, & lower nasal spine that helped the noses of the Hamitic ancestors of Aryans to humidify & cool the hot dry air of the Sahara before it entered their lungs. The adjacent Kiffian skull was found at Gobero in Niger, about 700 miles northwest of Lake Chad. That it also has a nasal sill or dam & prominent lower nasal spine shows that the Hamitic race evolved in the Sahel longer than any race that no longer exists in Africa, & probably long enough to have created the tools known as Aterian. That Mongoloids, Pygmies, Negroes & Neanderthals have a smaller (or no) nasal spine, & no nasal sill or dam, shows that they do not belong to the same race/species of mankind as Hamites (see Table A in Column # 7 of Row # 4 on PAGE # 2).
This Genealogical Project
We thank Family Tree DNA's President & CEO Bennett Greenspan for kindly creating this Y-DNA project on October 29, 2010. Click here to see one of his videos about DNA testing.
12/01/2017 - 76,000; 12/08/2017 - 77,000; 12/16/2017 - 78,000; 12/30/2017- 79,000; 1/10/2018 - 80,000; 1/17/2018 - 81,000; 1/26/2018 - 82,000; 2/6/2018 - 83,000; 2/27/2018 - 84,000; 3/26/2018 - 85,000; 4/11/2018 - 86,000; 5/5/2018 - 87,000;
Your contributions to the General Fund of FTDNA's royal Stuart project will be used as you see fit, e.g., to pay for the DNA tests of men with your surname who still live in the part of the world from which you suspect that your patrilineal ancestors came. Most of the donations below were made in order to pay for the DNA tests of men who have the surname Stewart & who live in the UK.
FTDNA can not use our General Fund to pay for all or part of your DNA test unless your project administrator approves BEFORE you order it.
We thank the following contributors to the General Fund of this project: Alexander Stewart, Alford Kenith Stewart, Ann Stewart Burns, Belinda Dettmann, Catherine Stewart, David Edward Stuart Ph.D., Desideriu Ramelet-Stuart, Donald L. Grant, Frank Stewart, Fred Stewart (S781+), Hereld Anson Stuart (S781+), Kenneth Frederick Stewart (Y14197+), Mary Stuart Spangler, Michael Patrick Clancey, Orville Roy Stewart (S781+), Preston Stewart Myers, Robert & Monique Lindberg, Shirley Black Barry, Steven Thomas Mitchell (BY11987), William Hamilton Stewart (S781).