Our y-DNA results are displayed on the Family Tree DNA website in both "Classic" and "Colorized" versions. The results are analyzed and sorted into "Lineages" based on predicted relationships determined by each member's individual genetic profile. The Colorized version (pictured below) highlights changes ("mutations") for each marker compared to the mode, whereas the Classic version omits the highlighting. The mutations can identify not only lineages, but also various branches within lineages. To view all results, you'll need to be logged into your FTDNA kit, as some results are shared only with other Russell Project members.
A haplogroup is a genetic population of a large group of people who share a common ancestor, analogous to a huge clan (like Celts or Vikings). It can be viewed as a tree ("haplotree") with many limbs and branches. Our results to date demonstrate that our participants are spread across six overarching haplogroups. About 75% of us are from Haplogroup R, about 13% are from Haplogroup I, and the remaining 12% are from Haplogroups E, G, J, and Q. Of those in Haplogroup R, almost all are in R1b. Family Tree DNA's migration map for Haplogroup R is shown below.
Russell Lineages and Origins
Although a number of different Russell lineages exist, roughly 60 percent of all our members who report a known origin, report the British Isles. The next largest location reported is "United States" (about 7 percent). The rest are scattered over a number of locations.
Over 70 percent of Russell Project participants are in Haplogroup R1b. Of those in R1b who report a known origin, over 90 percent report the British Isles.
The single biggest lineage within R1b is Lineage 1. Over 20 percent of all Russell Project members are in R1b - Lineage 1. Over 90 percent of those in R1b - Lineage 1 who report a known origin, report their Russell ancestry came from Scotland, with most others in R1b - Lineage 1 reporting either England, Northern Ireland, or Ireland.
New Russell lineages will continue to be added all the time. In some cases, it's because men have tested from a rarer lineage that hasn't previously been represented in the Project. In other cases, it may be due to a "Non-Paternal Event" (NPE) such as adoption. Whether you're a Russell man by name, by y-DNA, or both, we welcome your participation!