• 242 members

About us


The best place to view our Russell Project y-DNA test results is on the Russell Project's website.  There the results are analyzed and sorted based on predicted relationships.  They are highlighted to show changes ("mutations") which have occurred over time.  These changes can identify not only lineages, but various branches within lineages.

Russell Project y-DNA Results

Our results are also displayed on the Family Tree DNA website in both "Classic" and "Colorized" versions.  The Colorized version highlights changes ("mutations"), whereas the Classic version omits the highlighting.

Russell Haplogroups

A haplogroup is a genetic population of a large group of people who share a common ancestor, analogous to a huge clan (like Celts or Vikings).  It can be viewed as a tree ("haplotree") with many limbs and branches.  Our results to date demonstrate that our participants are spread across six overarching haplogroups.  About 75% of us are from Haplogroup R, about 13% are from Haplogroup I, and the remaining 12% are from Haplogroups E, G, J, and Q.  Of those in Haplogroup R, almost all are in R1b.  Family Tree DNA's migration map for Haplogroup R is shown below.

Migration map for Haplogroup R (source: FTDNA)

Russell Lineages and Origins

Although a number of different Russell lineages exist, roughly 60 percent of all our members who report a known origin, report the British Isles. The next largest location reported is "United States" (about 7 percent).  The rest are scattered over a number of locations.

Over 70 percent of Russell Project participants are in Haplogroup R1b.  Of those in R1b who report a known origin, over 90 percent report the British Isles.

The single biggest lineage within R1b is Lineage 1.  Over 20 percent of all Russell Project members are in R1b - Lineage 1.  Over 90 percent of those in R1b - Lineage 1 who report a known origin, report their Russell ancestry came from Scotland, with most others in R1b - Lineage 1 reporting either England, Northern Ireland, or Ireland. 

Most Russells report origins in the British Isles

As with all surnames, because of "Non-Paternal Events" (NPEs) such as adoption, new Russell lineages will continue to be added all the time.  Whether you're a Russell man by name, by y-DNA, or both, we welcome your participation!