DF27+ and SNP tested and predicted people should join this project. Z195+, Z274+, Z209+, DF17+,Z198+, L165+, SRY2627+, CTS4188+, DF81+, DF83+, Z209+, Z225+, ZZ12+, ZZ19+, and all descendant subclade tested people should join this project. If you have STR matches in the project you are also welcome. . You should have at least Y67 STRs for an adequate predictions, though Y111 is often needed. Big Y is the modern standard and necessary to be given a precise haplogroup designation and placement in the DF27 tree. This project is part of the R1b project system and maintains subgroups of people by each branch of the haplotree, aligned in sequence with it. This lets you see ancient clade mates as well as relevant matches. We can provide testing guidance, help identify your subclade and will get you to the proper subclade project if this is not the right one. This is a public project so the project reports are viewable. We don't publish your full name or contact info and do respect your privacy. If do not wish to share results or for us to join you to the correct subclade project please do not join this project. For full haplotree click here. Key Steps to Take and Project Operations are on the About/Background page. The Project Goals are to encourage deeper DNA testing to support understanding of the origins of our male lineages, while helping individuals find family paternal lineages and ancestral origins. The project supports full genetic genealogy - the development of the phylogenetic tree starting from family genealogies and breaking through genealogical brick walls to determine the timing and locations of the relationship of families, super-families and clans. For help and discussion go to the project Activity Feed or consider the R1b.YDNA FB group (click here) or go the project Activity Feed.