HATCH-DNA Research Project

  • 56 members

About us

Vision Statement and Concept of Operations: While each individual project member will establish their own personal research goals, our general group research goals include:
  • Initially use the least costly 12-marker comparisons of Y-chromosomes (Y-DNA) to help basically sort which, if any, HATCH-variant- surname lines are connected, as well as help prove our individual HATCH lines.
  • Contribute our Y-DNA test results to ySearch.org, a research web page designed to compare very large numbers of Y-DNA research results from multiple labs and universities, thus gaining the greatest number of potential Y-DNA comparisons possible, and thereby increasing the chances of perfect and near matches.
  • Seek out representatives from as many known HATCH-variant-surname family lines as possible to participate by submitting 12-marker Y-DNA tests, so as to widely expand the HATCH-variant-surname family sorting and line linking process. HATCH-variant-surname family lines from all countries, to include the USA, Canada, England, Ireland, Scotland, and Germany, are very welcome and warmly encouraged to participate.
  • On finding DNA matches of interest, consider upgrading to even more precise 25-marker and 37-marker Y-DNA tests to more accurately estimate the generation of your MRCA (most recent common ancestor). See FamilyTreeDNA FAQ for details and examples.
  • Also consider using test upgrades to establish very general deep ancestry geographical regions of origin (Y-DNA Haplogroups). Consider confirming predicted Haplogroups through SNP testing.
  • Some researchers will also want to test for mitochondrial-DNA (mtDNA) links to their various maternal lines, and are encouraged to do so. See FamilyTreeDNA FAQ for full explanation of mtDNA and mtDNA Haplogroups.
  • Through scholarly discussion of our early family information and research strategies, work in concert to advance the general knowledge of our early HATCH-variant-surname family lines in America and their ancestral countries of origin.

  1. You must participate in Y-DNA testing to become a full member of the HATCH-DNA Research Project.
  2. Y-DNA test samples must be from HATCH-variant surname males to achieve useful results.
  3. Female researchers can easily participate by having a HATCH-variant surname male relative submit a test sample in their behalf.
  4. Providing a Y-DNA test sample involves simply swabbing the inside the cheek of your mouth, then mailing the kit back to the lab in the provided mailer -- there are no needles or blood work involved. We only test Y-DNA, so there are no privacy, medical, or insurance issues involved. See example of the DNA sample collection method as shown on the Dorsey DNA project site.
  5. To begin the join process, simply complete the Join Request Form. Within about 24 hours, you will be emailed a link to order your DNA test kit .
  6. There are no dues. The only costs involved are the lab fees to have your Y-DNA sample processed. You pay the lab processing fee in advance when you order your test kit. A basic 12-marker Y-DNA test (recommended) plus full lab processing is $99 plus about $2 shipping and handling. A wide variety of more detailed tests are also availible (see your order form for deatails when you select your test type).
  7. In addition to your testing results, other items you receive when you join include certificates of testing, reports, and similar detailed materials explaining your testing results. We will also help you understand the meaning of your results with regard to your own family research. Important Note: Be sure to use our HATCH-DNA Project Join Request Form so as to get our significantly reduced group rate.
  8. Members of the National Geographic’s Genographic Project who are researching their HATCH-variant lines can easily merge their existing test results with our HATCH-DNA project at no extra cost. Contact Craig Trout for details.
  9. You only submit one DNA sample, and all other desired testing, upgrades, SNP tests, and even mtDNA tests, can all be run at your request from your original one-time sample. You never need to submit a second sample.

General Administrative Notes:
  • Our HATCH-DNA Research Project has selected "FamilyTreeDNA - Genealogy by Genetics, Ltd.” of Houston, Texas, as our primary testing resource. FamilyTreeDNA is currently the largest company providing DNA research for genealogy purposes, and offers the broadest range we could find for desired testing services and support resources. FamilyTreeDNA uses the widely-respected labs of the University of Arizona for all actual DNA testing. To date, we are very satisfied with FamilyTreeDNA's host services and exceptional responsiveness to our needs.
  • The HATCH-DNA Research Project is a volunteer administered, non-profit, DNA-focused genealogy "club" that has no dues, and we have no financial relationship with FamilyTreeDNA beyond the advantage of "group rates" when requesting DNA-testing through their associated lab facilities. Any fees are for lab testing costs only and the HATCH-DNA Research Project does not benefit in any way, beyond expanding the universe of available HATCH DNA tests and reference lines availible to compare and match with.
  • Each HATCH-DNA Research Project member is strongly encouraged to thoroughly read FamilyTreeDNA FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions) and related official FamilyTreeDNA reference materials, and only then develop your own personal goals and research expectations accordingly. As with all genealogical endeavors, individual family research accomplishments will vary.
  • All project members are encouraged to clearly identify your "Earliest Known HATCH-variant surname ancestor" by name, dates, location, and other descriptive data as appropriate. Any web links that will help other family researchers understand your family lines are encouraged. Edits, updates, or corrections are welcome at any time. Copyrighted or proprietary information should be labeled accordingly.
  • As always, all family research, to include DNA-based research, is a careful balance between sharing early family histories for research purposes, while also carefully protecting personal privacy for living persons. This is a genealogy project, and for this group endeavor to succeed, a reasonable sharing of early family history is encouraged so as to multiply our individual research effectiveness, but every project member should also be ever-sensitive to the personal privacy of living persons.
  • If a person contributes a portion of a DNA test kit processing fee or test markers upgrade lab fee, that person is also entitled to share in the results of that sponsored test.
  • In the event of a confirmed DNA match, the affected active participant will be presented with identity and address of the person with whom they match and vice versa. This match notice will be made directly by FamilyTreeDNA staff, while also notifying our volunteer Project Group Administrator (Craig HATCH) for general reporting and tabulation purposes.
  • We will do our best to present test data in simple and generalized terms that are readily understood by novice DNA researchers, while also carefully respecting the personal privacy of living individuals.

Additional Reading on DNA research:
  • In addition to reviewing the FamilyTreeDNA FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions), some researchers may also want to visit the FamilyTreeDNA Tutorials Links page which includes various topics, such as a basic "DNA - 101 tutorial, glossary, reading and comparing results," and similar useful titles.
  • Also note that Video and Books includes their recommendations for various DNA genealogy books and videos that might be of potential interest. I particularly like "Trace Your Roots with DNA : Using Genetic Tests to Explore Your Family Tree," by Megan Smolenyak and Ann Turner. It is an easy read and makes DNA technical concepts very accessible for those of us who did not take high school biology and chemistry, but want to use this important tool in our family research.
  • DNA web site, book, or video recommendations from group members are warmly encouraged and will be posted here.
  • Also of potential interest, you may want to visit FamilyTreeDNA Forum.
  • For very general references, the FamilyTreeDNA home page is at FamilyTreeDNA.

Recommended DNA Groups, Societies, and Newsletters:
  • The HATCH-DNA Research Project is also a proud supporter of the National Geographic's "The Genographic Project." Our HATCH-DNA Research Project members can show their support for this truly fascinating worldwide DNA research project by uploading their DNA test data to the The Genographic Project for a nominal processing fee of only $15. See Genographic site for project details. For HATCH-DNA project members only, go to your data page and select the orange tab labeled "Genographic Project" to upload your existing HATCH DNA test results.
  • Researchers desiring advanced information regarding DNA research are also encouraged to join the International Society of Genetic Genealogy (ISOGG) . Membership is free, and includes access to many informative DNA-related articles, interpretive tools, links and similar aids, as well as a very active Yahoo Forum on DNA-related issues. If you are a novice DNA researcher, they also include a special DNA-Newbie Yahoo Forum designed especially for you!
  • Recommended DNA-related research newsletters and journals include FamilyTreeDNA’s Facts & Genes, and the relatively new Journal of Genetic Genealogy.

Basic DNA Glossary:
  • Selected DNA terms of genealogical value only, see FamilyTreeDNA Tutorials Links for additional terms). (grouped by general concept)DYS - (NA -chromosome egment) A unique number designating (naming) a specific “marker” on the Y chromosome (e.g., DYS 393, DYS 385a, etc.), as established by international convention. Actual DYS numbers are assigned in the order discovered, not in the order of their relative sequence on the chromosome strand. Note the DYS numbers indicating the specific markers for which allele values were reported in your own Y-DNA test results. Allele - DYS marker (as opposed to designator) reporting the number of STRs (short tandem repeats) for each marker locus (location). This is an oversimplified explanation; see FamilyTreeDNA Tutorials Links for more details. Note the alleles (values) reporting the number of repeats at your DYS markers in your DNA test results.
  • A novice genetic genealogy researcher only needs to initially understand that his/her allele values either exactly match or do not match that of another individual’s test results. Perfect or near-perfect matches indicate the two subject lines are directly related, descend from the same genetic stream (family line), and ultimately from the same common ancestor.Genetic Distance - The number of mutations (mis-copies) explaining the net difference between one haplotype and another.
  • In novice, over-simplified terms, Genetic Distance this is generally the sum total of all of the differences between your allele values (haplotype) and that of the line you are comparing your values with. If you have a difference of 2 at DYS-459a and 1 at DYS-448, your “genetic distance” from that line would ordinarily be about “3." In actual practice, certain fast moving (quickly mutating) markers may be “weighted” differently than slow moving markers, so there might be slight variations in the math in some cases. STR - (Short Tandem Repeats) Also known as Microsatellites, the repetitive stretches of short DNA sequences of two to six nitrogenous bases counted as unique repeat values (alleles) to trace an individual's genetic line. In your test results, alleles report the number of STRs for each of your markers. As an example, an allele of “13" reported for DYS-393 simply means that there were 13 short tandem repeats at that marker locus (location). Locus - (plural is "Loci") The relative marker location in a 12, 25, 37 or 67-marker Y-DNA test results panel. As an example, Locus #1 is always DYS 393, Locus #2 is always DYS 390, etc. These are the marker numbers 1-12, or 1-25, or 1-37, or 1-67 noted on your test results, depending on the level of testing you selected. DNA sequences - DNA is made up of four nitrogenous bases: Adenine (A); Cytosine (C); Thymine (T); and Guanine (G). The specific order of these bases is called the DNA sequence (e.g., GATA, etc.). See FamilyTreeDNA Tutorials Links for diagram and detailed explanation. Also see STR. Haplotype - A given individual's Haplotype is formed by their exact pattern of STRs, plus other genetic markers.
  • In very simple terms, your DNA test results panel is your family line Haplotype, which is common to every related male in your specific descending family line. If your are a HATCH male, your 4th great grandfather HATCH would have had the exact same DNA test panel that you have, unless you have a slight miscopy (mutation) that slipped in somewhere along the way. Haplogroup - (abbreviated "Hg") The very large but specific group of people who share exactly the same UEP (Unique Event Polymorphism) within their DNA, or that is to say, the extended family of peoples descending from the same common genetic deep ancestry (think thousands of years). Example Haplogroups from our HATCH-DNA project include Hg "E3b" (Line #1 above) and my own Hg "I1a" (Line #3 above). Also see UEP. UEP - (Unique Event Polymorphism) Various Y-DNA segments occasionally mutate (mis-copy) over hundreds of generations. The term UEP refers to a class of mutations in which the mutation rate is so extremely low, it is essentially a unique event, such as a SNP (Single Nucleotide Polymorphism), and therefore making it very useful in exploring deep ancestry. Also see Haplogroup. SNP - (Single Nucleotide Polymorphism) Pronounced "Snip," a small genetic variance (mutation) in the DNA sequence when a single nucleotide, such as an "A" replaces one of the other three nucleotides, C, G, or T. This event occurs so infrequently it is a primary method used to define Haplogroups, or that is to say, that very large group of peoples who descend from a common genetic ancestry. SNP tests are used to confirm a person's Haplogoup (deep ancestry). DNA - (DeoxyriboNucleac Acid) Double-stranded double-helix that encodes genetic information, composed of phosphate, dioxyribose, and the four nitrogenous bases, A, C, G, and T. Y-DNA - An individual has 23 pairs of chromosomes. The first 22 pairs (Autosomal DNA) are coding pairs that pass down instructions for various traits (eye color, hair, etc.) from family generation to generation. The 23rd pair is non-coding and only determines the sex of the individual, by either pairing a XX (female) or XY (male). Our project -ONLY- considers this 23rd pair, and more specifically, the unique genetic markers on the Y-chromosome, as passed down from HATCH-variant surname males, father to son, for hundreds of generations. Females can also conduct Y-DNA testing by submitting a DNA test kit for a closely-related HATCH-variant surname male as her surrogate. It is important to understand that a HATCH birth name female only passes down the Y-DNA of her eventual husband, not her HATCH father. For this reason, a HATCH female breaks the HATCH Y-DNA chain, and must submit a closely related HATCH male Y-DNA sample in order to achieve useful results. Also see mtDNA. mtDNA - (Mitochondrial DNA) The corollary of Y-DNA, mtDNA is passed down from a mother to all her children, or that is to say, is passed down from your mother's mother, and so forth, always along your maternal lines. Both males and females can conduct mtDNA testing. Our research project also provides for mtDNA testing.
    Basic Genealogy Glossary: (and selected genealogical computer terms) (alphabetical order)Ahnentafel Report - The formal term for an ancestor-ordered genealogy report. GEDCOM - A standard file format for exchanging information between genealogy software programs. The acronym GEDCOM stands for GEnealogical Data COMmunications. Virtually all genealogy software programs have a facility for exporting and importing GEDCOM files, and this is one of the primary ways for family researchers to exchange and compare their databases. (Also see "RTF" below) MRCA - (Most Recent Common Ancestor) That ancestor where two ascending research lines intersect or merge. Presumptive Line - Relationship is highly likely based on sound research techniques, but has not yet been fully proven. Register Report - The formal term for a descendant-ordered genealogy report. RTF- (Rich Text File) A universal text sharing format that can be read by virtually any word processing software, to include MicroSoft WORD, Corel WordPerfect, etc., which also have utilities for very easily exporting text in this universal format. Most genealogy software, such as Family Tree Maker, also have utilities for easily exporting genealogy reports in RTF format. The use of RTF's is a very user-friendly method for exchanging genealogy reports and similar information between researchers, and is somewhat less technically challenging than using GEDCOMs.