6/2018: The below tree represents the Big Y testing by members of the E-M44 Project, analyzed by ISOGG and Yfull.com. Additional single SNP testing was done at Yseq.com and FTDNA
To view the resulting Yfull.com E tree, go to their page and scroll down to E-M44. Included are testees other than our members. Notice the origin countries, and clickable INFO giving calculations. Also mouse over the "formed" and "TMRCA" for further information.
Below is the current related FTDNA tree. It is not yet as expanded as the Yfull tree.
M44 (CTS3507 L632 L634) (formerly E1a1)
| Z17698 Z17697 Z17700
| | Z17696
| | Y35994
| Z31503 PHELPS Branches are below.
| | A6108
| | | BY22797
| | BY4136
| | | BY4135
| | FGC67854
| | A10152
| | Y33591
TO APPEAR ON THE FTDNA TREE, AT LEAST TWO FTDNA MEMBERS MUST BE POSITIVE FOR THE SNP .
2016: For the latest information about new SNPs and related subgroups, including aging of the E subroups, which are based on Big Y tests, analyzed by YFULL, go to our page:
We are now seeing that Subclade Z20697 is comprised of men with origins in central and eastern Europe. SNP Z20697, upstream of Z20596, is less well defined.
We also consider Subclade Z20646 to be of Sub-Saharan African origins. DYS447=25and DYS385a=16 are the markers that seem to indicate recent African heritage. Of course, "recent" could be 300 or more years. If someone only has 1 of the 2 marker values, which is the case with 3 members,then their ancestral background in Africa may be more distant than the others. They should test for the SNP.
Fall, 2014]ISOGG (Ray Banks) wrote “My impression is that one SNP in Big Y represents about 125 yrs.” Years per snp was mention Roberta Estes who wrote “… using the 150 years per SNP mutation comes up with. This estimate is just that, devised by the haplogroup R-U106 project administrators, and others,based on their project findings. 150 years is actually the high end of the estimate, 98 being the lower end. Of course, different haplogroups may vary and these results are very early.”
2016: Yfull.com is using 144 years as a base in its algorithm.
1/2015 comment from Ray of ISOGG - REGARDING THE CRITERIA TO BE ADDED TO THE ISOGG TREE:
His "targeted testing" requirements for creating a new subgroup, begin with using eligible snps from a BIG Y/Bam test. Isogg needs " to have a second man fairly near to you in marker values but not a relative. He must have at least five  marker values different at 67 markers to qualify. But once a man has 10 or more markers different, the chances of him sharing one of your new SNPs randomly chosen significantly diminishes and the cost of testing lots of SNPs can become quite expensive. [View the below table showing GD at 67 markers.] ISOGG criteria requires this 5 marker values diversity in the two men validating a new subgroup." See this ISOGG site for full details of his standard Big Y analysis
The criteria for a new subgroup is that the men have 5 or more markers different. This requirement is fairly good assurance that it moves the common male ancestor ofthe subgroup prior to 1500 which is the boundary line at ISOGG between familial SNPs and more general SNPs.
For questions contact dphelps61 AT alumni DOT wfu DOT edu<