Acadian AmerIndian Ancestry

Amerindian Ancestry out of Acadia Project
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About us

Amerindian Ancestry out of Acadia Family Tree DNA Project (Est. 2006)
Administrator Biographies 

About Marie Rundquist, Administrator: 

Washington, D.C. area resident, University of Maryland College Park graduate Marie Rundquist applies her diverse experience -- as a DNA project manager, collaborative research community moderator, and president of an information systems consulting firm, in researching her North American family history. Interweaving DNA test results, history, and genealogy, Rundquist develops comprehensive historical narratives that are uniquely products of the present but which give voice to unheard ancestors, and truths, of the past. 

Rundquist's published books and articles include Revisiting Anne Marie: How an Amerindian Woman of Seventeenth-Century Nova Scotia and a DNA Match Redefine American Heritage (2009), Cajun by Any Other Name: Recovering the Lost History of a Family and a People (2012), and "Finding Anne Marie: The Hidden History of our Acadian Ancestors (2006)." "Autosomal DNA Results Test Hundreds of Years of Genealogy Records in a Proof of Ancestry." Southern California Genealogical Society, Summer 2015, Vol. 52, Issue #3. A result of Rundquist's advocacy with the State of Maryland, a Maryland Historical Trust marker stands in Princess Anne, Maryland in testimony to Acadians who were expulsed from Nova Scotia by the British, and sent to Maryland in 1755. Marie Rundquist was among 55 authors of Acadie Then and Now: A People's History (2014), edited by Warren Perrin, Phil Comeau and Mary Perrin. The collective work that chronicles the past and present histories of Acadians worldwide was awarded the Prix France-Acadie 2015.

Ms. Rundquist divides her time between homes in the D.C. area and the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia and regularly presents to groups about her work with genealogy and DNA. Ms. Rundquist’s family, heritage, parakeets, friends, travels, clients, career, writing, and management of DNA projects are her life. Related training and memberships: Certificate of Completion: Learning from Knowledge Keepers of Mi'kma'ki, Cape Breton University, Unama'ki College of Nova Scotia, Canada (MIKM 2701 2016). Analyzing and Utilizing Data from Next-Generation Sequencers in the Forensic Genomics Era, ISHI Oct 12-15 2015 Texas. International Society of Genetic Genealogy.

Please visit to read exciting articles about how real people like you discovered Native American ancestry by way of DNA testing.

About Roberta Estes, Co-Administrator:

Roberta Estes descends from several Acadian lines, including Lore/Lord, Girouard, Bonnevie, Muis, Garceau, Levron, Doucet, Broussard, Lafaille, deForest, Dugas, LePrince, Blanchard and others.
Roberta’s interest in genealogy reaches back nearly 40 years, although her Acadian brick wall only fell about 10 years ago.  Genetic genealogy has helped confirm the relationships to other Acadian descendants, as well as confirmed Native heritage in various Acadian family lines.

Roberta authors two blogs, and  Both of these endeavors seek to enhance understanding of genealogy and ancestral relationships, one primarily through genetic research and one through sifting through original records in search of Native history and heritage.  I would invite you to subscribe to both.

Roberta and Marie Rundquist co-administer the following projects at Family Tree DNA which are relevant to Acadian ancestry:

• American Indian Project (Dr. David Pike is also an administrator)

• Mitochondrial haplogroup A, A2, A4 and A10

• Mitochondrial haplogroup X2b4 (Tom Glad is also an administrator)

• Y DNA haplogroup C-P39

•  David dit St. Michel Y DNA Study (Earl David is the primary administrator)

Additionally, Roberta Estes and Marie Rundquist are affiliate researchers with the National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project. 

Resources Roberta and Marie both utilize, and would encourage other project members to utilize as well include:

• The tree contributed maintained by genealogist Karen Theriot Reader at this link:

• The Acadian Rootsweb list hosted by Paul LeBlanc.  To subscribe to the list, please send an email to with the word 'subscribe' without the quotes in the subject and the body of the message.  If you are not already a member, you can browse the archives at or you can search the Acadian list archives for keywords like surnames by utilizing the search engine at this link:  

The Amerindian Ancestry out of Acadia Project announces a new project dimension: FAMILY! 

 With advances in Family Finder / Autosomal DNA matching capabilities and deep Y and mtDNA testing, our allied family connections are as important to our Amerindian Ancestry out of Acadia research as are the descendants of our Acadian "persons of interest" (of direct French - European and Native origins). When you consider how much an allied family member (one whose DNA contributes to your recent genetic ancestry) influences your matches and possibly your bio-ethnicity (as seen through My Origins, for example), you begin to appreciate the need to track the genealogies (and origins) of allied family members as closely as you do your original Acadian / Native ancestries. I don't think anyone of us (especially those of us in the United States or Canada whose families may have married out of the Acadian fold more than once in recent generations) can escape the effects of "allied families" on genealogies and autosomal DNA test results!
About the Amerindian Ancestry out of Acadia Project's Revised Goals:

(1) The Acadian Amerindian Families Project builds upon the historic surnames and the mtDNA and Y DNA haplogroups of our Acadian Amerindian ancestors of 17th-century Annapolis Royal, Nova Scotia, and adds a new dimension: Family. 

(2) The Acadian Amerindian Families Project researches the grand heritage of Acadia's earliest families from a whole relationship perspective including the DNA, the history, and the genealogies of the mothers, the fathers and their descendants and relates Y chromosome DNA, mitochondrial DNA, and autosomal DNA results with respective genealogies to provide a multi-dimensional picture of Acadian - Amerindian ancestry. 

(3) The Acadian Amerindian Families Project invites all current members to continue participating, thanks everyone for their help with establishing our ancestor database, is inclusive, and accepts new “legacy,” “allied,” and “collateral” members as defined below:

 • Legacy Members:  Legacy members have paternal-line (father-to-father) or maternal-line (mother-to-mother) ancestors who are of Acadian surnames (and/or) Amerindian family lines out of Nova Scotia and surrounding regions and contribute Y and/or mtDNA results to the project. 

 • Allied Members: Allied members have non-Acadian surnames with genealogies that include Acadian (and/or) Amerindian ancestors out of Nova Scotia and surrounding regions and contribute Y, mtDNA and/or Family Finder (autosomal) DNA results to the project. Typical example: A man carries an ancestral Acadian or Amerindian grandmother's mtDNA signature and the surname of his Scottish paternal ancestor along with his ancestor's Y DNA.  His surname will be listed as "allied" in the Y DNA results -- and he will have "legacy" mtDNA results.  Another example:  A man may carry an Acadian surname and his mtDNA relates to an Irish grandmother.  He will have a "legacy" Y DNA surname and "allied" mtDNA results.  A third example:  A newcomer with Acadian and/or Amerindian family lines joins the project in order to compare notes with Family Finder matches.

 • Collateral Members:  Collateral members may not know of their precise Acadian / Mi'kmaw  or Amerindian ancestries but have DNA test results that align with (or match) the mtDNA, Y DNA, or Family Finder autosomal DNA test results in the Amerindian Ancestry out of Acadia project database and join to research possible connections. 

Our ancestors include AmerIndians (mostly Mi’kmaq) and the intrepid settlers who arrived in Nova Scotia in the 16th and 17th centuries and intermarried with the AmerIndians of the area, whose families would become pioneers of the New World. Numbering among our project participants are those who possess European surnames, but have been found (through Y DNA testing) to be of Amerindian ancestries, through paternal family lines. 

Our family lines have extended well-beyond the original boundaries of what was known to the French as Acadia, but to our AmerIndian ancestors as Mi’kma’ki, as our ancestors settled the outer-reaches of Nova Scotia, including Cape Breton, Newfoundland, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island and Quebec. Our family lines continue to extend, traversing the entire North American continent and beyond. Many who live in the United States trace their genealogies back to the first Acadian AmerIndian immigrants who arrived in Louisiana after being deported from Nova Scotia by the British in 1755 (in the "Grand Deportation') -- and belong to a "Cajun" community known worldwide for its food, flair, fun, and love of all things French. 

Group participants are at once intrigued, mystified, and challenged by our AmerIndian heritage; some of us have completed our quest for our earliest AmerIndian ancestors; other searches are still in progress, with participant DNA testing helping us solve some of our greatest family riddles. 

One participant describes how she employed her own Haplogroup A mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) test results in her quest for her earliest maternal AmerIndian ancestor in the story, 
Finding Anne Marie. 

A companion article, 
Confirmed C3b Y DNA Results Test the Heritage of Cajun Cousin Keith Doucet details a participant's experience with Y DNA testing, with an outcome that leads him, and others, to re-assess the origins of his established Acadian surname. 

The AmerIndian Ancestry out of Acadia Family Tree DNA Surname Project assists participants in their search for their earliest AmerIndian ancestors, at times contributing to the purchase of DNA test kits for descendants whose maternal lines and paternal lines are recorded as having their earliest beginnings in Atlantic Canada and Gaspe and employing DNA test results to validate family lines. 

It is incredibly exciting to have found that so many of our study participants share the same ancient AmerIndian family lines and have the same exact DNA mutation strings appearing in their test results. By comparing DNA test results with known genealogical lines and establishing "Family Clusters" among surnames, we enhance the traditional paper-based genealogical search methods with the study of our common genetic characteristics (markers) so that we may discover and verify our Acadian AmerIndian ancestor’s earliest origins. We welcome you to join the AmerIndian Ancestry out of Acadia Family Tree DNA Surname Project and become part of our study. 

YOUR DNA may be the key to unlocking some of the mysteries surrounding our ancestors as well as proving the AmerIndian origins of some of our earliest mothers. There may even be surprises with regards to the origins of some Founding Fathers. 
We also have a private website on AmerIndian Ancestry out of Mi’kma’ki (Acadia) which we encourage you to join if you are interested in researching your Amerindian ancestry. Members of the Amerindian Ancestry out of Acadia Family Tree DNA project are especially welcome to join as well. 

New and existing project participants: Thank you for your interest in joining our Family Tree DNA project.  By clicking the "Join" link at the top of the page, and entering your username and password, you add your results to the site.  Please be advised of the following information:

1. By joining a project, your DNA results along with your kit number, surname and oldest ancestor will be shown on the project website (except for the full sequence coding region of mitochondrial DNA which is never displayed).  Neither your name, e-mail, nor any other personally identifying information will be shown. 

2. If someone contacts one of the project administrators and inquires about your kit number, your personal information will not be given to the requesting individual.  Instead, their e-mail will be forwarded to you by the administrator and you can reply or not -- it is your choice.

3.      On your personal page, at Family Tree DNA, you can see who you match and you will be able to contact them.  Conversely, they will also be able to contact you.  This assumes you have previously authorized matching.

4. Please be aware that your information displayed on the project page, on the website, is available for anyone with internet access to see.  This will, hopefully, encourage people with your surname or a common ancestor to either DNA test or to request contact with you.  If you do not want your results to be displayed on the project page on the internet, do not join the project.  You can see the project website here: 

5. As project administrators, we adhere to the Group Administrator Guidelines.

6. As a project member, please read the Family Tree DNA Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

7. Project administrators are volunteers and receive no compensation for our services.  We will attempt to help you with questions and issues, but what we are providing is a personal opinion and we bear no liability or responsibility for anything with the DNA project or your DNA results. Your results and decisions surrounding your results are ultimately your responsibility.


“ADN et Généalogie amérindienne en provenance d’Acadie”


Le projet “ADN et Généalogie amérindienne en provenance d’Acadie” permet aux participants d’établir un patrimoine généalogique unique en produisant et comparant les résultats de tests d’ADN avec des lignées familiales connues. Nous commanditons l’achat de trousses de test d’ADN et identifions la composante génétique d’ancêtres lointains. Les résultats du projet “ADN et Généalogie amérindienne en provenance d’Acadie” révèlent le patrimoine multiple de nos ancêtres les plus distants de laNouvelle-Écosse/Acadie.

Nos ancêtres incluent des Amérindiens (principalement Mi’kmaq) et des Européens installés en Nouvelle-Écosse/Acadie aux 17eet 18e siècles. Ces deux populations se sont mélangées dans cette régionet leur progéniture a constitué une population pionnière du Nouveau Monde. Au nombre des participants au projet se trouvent des individus portant des noms de famille d’origine européenne maisqui, au moyen du test ADN du chromosome Y, se sont avérés être de descendance patrilinéaire amérindienne.

Les lignées familiales de notre projet ont des ramifications qui vontbien au-delà du territoire traditionnellement connu comme l’Acadiesous le régime français, mais identifié comme “Mi’kma’ki” par sa population amérindienne. Les descendants des ancêtres nésde la rencontre des deux populations originales se sont ensuite propagés aux limites de la Nouvelle-Écosse, incluant le Cap Breton (“Île Royale” sous le régime français), puis à Terre-Neuve,au Nouveau-Brunswick, à l’Île du Prince-Édouard (“ÎleSt-Jean” sous le régime français), de même qu’au Québec (Gaspésie). Les lignées familiales ont ensuite traversé et débordéle continent nord-américain. De nombreux Américains remontent ainsileur généalogie à la population souvent métissée d’Acadie et `qdont la majorité fut déportée à partir de 1755 par les autoritésdes colonies britanniques d’Amérique. Cette déportation est traditionnellement surnommée le “Grand dérangement”. Après jusqu’ à trois décennies en attente d’une patrie, une partie desdéportés a finalement abouti en Louisiane pour s’y enraciner et fait aujourd’hui rayonner une communauté “cadienne/cajun”élargie partout réputée pour son art de vivre.

Les participants de notre groupe sont à la fois intrigués, mystifiéset interpellés par notre patrimoine amérindien commun. Plusieurs des membres ont complété la recherche de leur ancêtre amérindienle plus distant. D’autres investigations sont en cours etl’avènement des tests d’ADN nous aident à résoudre de grandesénigmes généalogiques.

Un participant à notre projet décrit dans son récit FindingAnne Marie commentles résultats d’un test d’ADNmt (mitochondrie) lui ont permisd’identifier la présence de l’haplogroupe A afin de retracer sonancêtre matrilinéaire la plus éloignée.

Un témoignage retrouvé dans ConfirmedC3b Y DNA Results Test the Heritage of Cajun Cousin Keith Doucet décrit l’expérience d’un de nos membres dont les résultatsd’analyse, suite au test d’ADN-Y, l’ont conduit - lui ainsi queplusieurs autres - à réévaluer ses origines véritables en dépitd’un nom de famille typiquement acadien.

Le projet “ADN et Généalogie amérindienne en provenance d’Acadie”fournit de l’aide aux participants pour la recherche de leurancêtre amérindien le plus éloigné. Notre projet peut dans certains cas proposer l’achat de trousse de test d’ADN à l’intention de ceux dontles lignées maternelle et paternelle remontent à des originessituées dans la région atlantique du Canada. L’ADN ainsi analyséaide à valider scientifiquement les lignées familiales établies.

Il est excitant de constater qu’un bon nombre de nos participants partagent les mêmes très anciennes lignées amérindiennes et reçoivent des résultats de tests d’ADN qui affichent desmutations identiques au sein des mêmes séquences d’ADN. En comparant les résultats de tests d’ADN avec les lignées généalogiques traditionnelles, et en établissant des “Regroupements familiaux” avec les noms de famille, nous améliorons les méthodes de recherche habituelles en généalogie. L’analyse de nos caractéristiques génétiques communes (marqueurs) pourra attester des origines les plus lointaines d’unancêtre amérindiend’Acadie. Nous vous invitons naturellement à joindre notre projet“ADNet Généalogie amérindienne en provenance d’Acadie”et à devenir un membre actif de notre groupe de recherche.

Votre ADN pourrait devenir la clé qui expliquerait certains mystèresentourant plusieurs de nos ancêtres ainsi que la preuve des originesamérindiennesde nos mères les plus éloignées. Les origines de certains des“Founding Fathers” américains pourraient même nous surprendre. Nous avons aussi un site web privé intitulé AmerIndianAncestry out of Mi’kma’ki (Acadia) quenous vous encourageons à joindre si vous êtes intéressé àétudier votre patrimoine génétique amérindien. Les membres duprojet “ADNet Généalogie amérindienne en provenance d’Acadie” sont particulièrement les bienvenus.

The French translation was kindly provided by Jean-Pierre Gendreau-Hétu, a proud Canadian participant in the Amerindian Ancestry out of Acadia Project and reviewed by Paul Allaire, another proud member of our project.