C-P39 Y-DNA Haplogroup Project- Background



Y-chromosome DNA Haplogroup C-P39

Project Administrators: Marie Rundquist and Roberta Estes  Project Advisor: Dr. David Pike

Y-Chromosome DNA Haplogroups are based on SNPs, Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms, that occur in the non recombining region of the Y-chromosome. Haplogroup C-P39 is defined by the SNP P39. This mutation is believed to have occurred at least 15,000 years ago. C-P39 is found in the Americas.

  • SNPs that are characteristic of this project include, thus far, the C- P39+ (our project baseline) and new subclades based on novel variants and SNPs submitted 4/27/2017 by the C-P39 Big Y project.

  • Letter haplogroup assignments in red are unconfirmed and, when grouped, indicate that C P39 SNP tests are pending.  Confirmed haplogroup assignments are green.

  • Family Tree DNA Big Y and individual SNPs may be ordered by C-P39 Y DNA project members.

  • Big Y C-P39 Y DNA test participants will find new, distinguishing SNPs showing as labels in their individual project results.  In labeling and grouping the data on the site, outside of referencing the new SNPs for further categorization of results, the project has maintained the same information as already published on our site without change. For all C-P39 Big Y results in our project, there was no change to the initial C-P39 positive (+) finding during analysis of the novel variant and SNP information submitted; so, this SNP should stand as the initial SNP tested by project members who join.  Updates to the Y Tree based on the C-P39 project's Big Y novel variant and SNP submission as related to regions represented in the C-P39 Y DNA project are summarized below:
    • North American Appalachian Region: C-P39+ C-BY1360+
    • North American Canada - Multiple Surnames: C-P39+ C-Z30765+
    • North American Canada - Multiple Surnames: C-P39+ C-Z30750+ 
    • North American Canada: Acadia (Nova Scotia:  C-P39+ C-Z30750+ 
    • North American Canada: Acadia (Nova Scotia): C-P39+ C-BY18385+ [Added 6/8/2017]
    • North American Canada: Acadia (Nova Scotia): C-P39+ C-Z30754+
    • North American Southwest Region: CP39+ C-Z30747+
    • The following SNP (BY18405+) was found to have been shared ONLY by these three C-P39 project members in the entire Big Y system, as reported here: 
    •  North American Canada: Newfoundland: C-P39+ C-BY18405+ 
    •  North American Canada: New Brunswick: C-P39+ C-BY18405+ [Updated 6/23/2017]
    •  North American Canada: Gaspe, QC: C-P39+ C-BY18405+
    • The ancestors of two families represented in the study, one in the Pacific Northwest, another in the North American Southwest did not experience any mutations in the New World and Big Y results are within the current genetic boundaries of the C-P39 SNP haplogroup as noted. [Updated 6/23/2017]

Links and References

E-mail Lists/Forums

Journals and News Letters

  • American Journal of Human Genetics
  • Annals of Human Genetics
  • European Journal of Human Genetics
  • Genome Research
  • Human Genetics
  • Journal of Genetic Genealogy
  • Society for Molecular Biology


General Fund

Current balance: $57.50

Type Amount Date Donor Note KitNum Donation Type
Debit $575.00 6/18/2017     N73578 Unknown
Credit $250.00 6/18/2017 Father's Day Big Y   Honor
Debit $575.00 5/8/2017     N14102 Unknown
Debit $575.00 5/8/2017     140590 Unknown
Credit $1,200.00 5/8/2017       Unknown
Credit $10.00 5/3/2017   Anonymous
Credit $30.00 5/2/2017 Shedrick Moore     Individual
Credit $10.00 5/2/2017 Marilyn Souders     Individual
Credit $200.00 5/1/2017 Frank Doucet     Unknown
Credit $5.00 5/1/2017 Amberly Thank you for your great blog Roberta! I'm not part of this DNA group, but I appreciate your work and your blog.   Unknown
Page: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 ... of 12

Project Stats

Statistic Type Count
Big Y 15
Combined GEDCOMs Uploaded 7
DISTINCT mtDNA Haplogroups 20
DISTINCT Y-DNA Confirmed Haplogroups 11
DISTINCT Y-DNA Predicted Haplogroups 0
Family Finder 27
Genographic 2.0 Transfers 5
Maternal Ancestor Information 32
mtDNA 23
mtDNA Full Sequence 14
mtDNA Plus 20
mtDNA Subgroups 0
Paternal Ancestor Information 51
Predicted Y-DNA Haplogroups 45
Total Members 73
Unpredicted Y-DNA Haplogroups 0
Unreturned Kits 7
Y-DNA Deep Clade (After 2008) 1
Y-DNA Subgroups 18
Y-DNA111 47
Y-DNA12 56
Y-DNA25 53
Y-DNA37 53
Y-DNA67 48