Willing DNA Project
We now have four participants who belong to the Plymstock tree. They all trace their ancestry to Leonard Willing, who married Ann Lewis in Plymstock, Devon, in 1607. Kit no 137947 is a 10th generation descendant of Leonard and Ann, and the other three, kit nos 134236, 134450 and 161233, are all 11th generation descendants.
The most closely related are kit nos 134236 and 134450, whose results match on 35 out of 37 markers (a 35/37 match). Their Most Recent Common Ancestor (MRCA) is Nathaniel Wilcox Willing (1826-1899) who had twelve sons, although only six grew up to have children of their own. Kit no 134236 is a descendant of the fourth son Frederick Edgar Willing (1860-1928) and kit no 134450 of the twelfth and youngest son Ansell Fenn Willing (1873-1965). These two participants differ on DYS 576 and CDYb.
Kit no 161233 has a 36/37 match with kit no 134450 and a 34/37 match with kit no 134236. Their MRCA is John Willing (1717-1781, husband of Mary Payne and Elizabeth Page), who had two sons, John Willing (1748-1829, husband of Esther Horn) and Nathaniel Willing (1758-1819, husband of Mary Edwards and Sarah Lake), one with each of his two wives. Kit no 161233 is a descendant of John and kit nos 134236 and 134450 are descendants of his half-brother Nathaniel. Kit no 161233 differs from 134450 on DYS 389/1 and 389/2 (which count as one marker), and from 134236 on DYS 389/1 and 389/2, and also on DYS 576 and CDYb. This proves that the mutations at DYS 576 and CDYb are both on kit no 134236’s line.
Kit no 137947 has a 36/37 match with kit no 134450, a 35/37 match with kit no 161233, and a 34/37 match with kit no 134236. Their MRCA is Nathaniel Willing (1619-1666/7, husband of Barbara Harvey), youngest son of Leonard and Ann, who had two sons, Ralph Willing (1650-1717, husband of Sarah Willing, his first cousin) and John Willing (1653-1702, husband of Sarah Boger). Kit no 137947 is a descendant of Ralph and the others are descendants of John. Kit no 137947 differs from the others on DYS 458. He also differs from 161233 on DYS 389/1 and 389/2 (which count as one marker), and from 134236 on DYS 576 and CDYb.
To see the results please go the Y-DNA results page.
Two further results have been found in the database of the Sorensen Molecular Genealogy Foundation (SMGF) for descendants of Leonard Willing and Ann Lewis. They are both great-grandsons of James Parker Willing (1857-1971), through his son Albert George Willing (1887-1971) born at Cicero, Illinois, USA. James Parker Willing married Margaret Stephenson in Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, in 1882, and then disappeared from the English records. He is a descendant of John Willing (1717-1781, husband of Mary Payne and Elizabeth Page), see above, through his son John Willing (1748-1829, husband of Esther Horn), and is thus most closely related to kit no 161233.
The MRCA of kit no 161233 and the SMGF results is John Willing (1748-1829, husband of Esther Horn), who had five sons. Kit no 161233 is a descendant of his third son William Willing (b 1792, husband of Mary Tomlinson), and the SMGF results are descendants of his fourth son Samuel Horn Willing (b 1794, husband of Ann Shirwill).
These results do not cover all the same markers as used by Family Tree DNA, but result no 1 on the SMGF database is a 25/25 match for kit nos 134236 and 134450. He is also a 24/25 match for kit no 161233, differing on DYS 389/1 and 389/2 (which count as one marker), and a 24/25 match for kit no 137947, differing on DYS 458.
SMGF result no 2 is a 25/26 match for kit no 134236/134450, differing on DYS 19 (or 394). This person appears to be a brother of SMGF result no 1, as they have the same four grandparents, so this latter mutation must be within the last generation.
The Plymstock results provide a further piece of evidence that Nathaniel Willing (1782/3-1855, husband of Ann Davis), whose baptism has never been found, belongs to this tree. Evidence from his will, mentioning his half-brother Joseph Willing, together with other circumstantial evidence, suggests that he was the son of Nathaniel Willing (1758-1819) and his first wife Mary Edwards, and the DNA results confirm this. Kit nos 134236 and 134450 are both descendants of Nathaniel, and all the others are not.
Kit no 146527 is an 11th generation descendant of Michael Willing, who first appeared in Modbury, Devon, in 1602, with his wife Elianor. Modbury and Plymstock are about ten miles apart.
Kit no 146527 is a 34/37 match for kit no 134450, a 33/37 match for kit nos 137947, 154127 and 161233, and a 32/37 match for kit no 134236.
The Modbury result differs from the Plymstock and Loddiswell results on DYS 389/2 and 464c. The Modbury result matches the Loddiswell result on DYS CDYa. To see the result please go the Y-DNA results page.
These results, together with the documentary evidence, would appear to show that this Modbury family is related both to the Willing family of Plymstock, and to the Willing family of Loddiswell.
Kit no 154127 is an 8th generation descendant of Richard Willing and Miriam King, who married in Loddiswell, Devon in 1694. Richard was of Holbeton, but their descendants lived in Loddiswell. Holbeton is about four miles from Modbury and about eight miles from Plymstock.
Kit no 154127 is a 34/37 match for kit nos 134236 and 134450, and a 33/37 match for kit nos 137947, 146527 and 161233.
The Loddiswell result differs from the Plymstock and Modbury results on DYS 442. The Loddiswell result matches the Modbury result on CDYa, and kit no 134236 on CDYb. The latter appears to be a parallel mutation. To see the result please go the Y-DNA results page.
These results, together with the documentary evidence, would appear to show that the Willing family of Loddiswell is related both to the Willing family of Plymstock, and to the Modbury family descended from Michael and Elianor Willing.
Richard may be the Richard Willing son of Richard and Elizabeth, baptised in Ermington in 1658. Ermington is only about two miles from Holbeton where Richard was living at the time of his marriage. But there are other candidates for Richard, so further investigation is required.
Deep Clade Test (Plymstock, Modbury and Loddiswell)
A Deep Clade Test was carried out on kit no 134236 in 2009. These results apply to anyone who belongs to the Plymstock, Modbury or Loddiswell families.
Family Tree DNA infers a haplogroup from the standard test and everyone in these three families was originally given the haplogroup of R1b1b2. The Deep Clade Test, carried out in September 2009, showed that they belonged to R1b1b2a*. The actual results were M269+ L49+ L23+ U106- P311- P310- L48-. These are the SNPs (Single Nucleotide Polymorphism markers) which were tested. Those with a + sign were found and those with a - sign were not found.
Most people who belong to this haplogroup, test positive for P310 and P311, and then test positive for either U106 or P312. It appears to be quite rare to belong to this haplogroup and to test negative for P310, P311 and U106.
On 4 March 2011, Family Tree DNA announced that it had updated its Y Chromosome Phylogenetic Tree to reflect new haplogroup sub-branches. This resulted in everyone who belongs to the Plymstock, Modbury or Loddiswell families being placed in a renamed subclade. This was called R1b1a2* (rather than R1b1b2). The Deep Clade Test then showed that they belonged to R1b1a2a1* (rather than R1b1b2a*).
Since then more changes have taken place. The latest version of the Y Chromosome Phylogenetic Tree shows that everyone who belongs to these families has been placed in the subclade R1b2a1a. This is also referred to by the shorthand version R-L23.
I added kit no 134236 to a project for the R1b haplogroup, now called the R1b and Subclades Gateway Project. He is in a group of results called Ba (L23+ L51-). This subclade was said by a previous project administrator to be relatively frequent in the Middle East (Turkey, Syria, Iran, Iraq, and the Caucasus), and to be the dominant haplogroup of Armenians, and is thus called the Armenian Modal Haplotype. It is also found in the Balkans. However, this information has now been removed from the project web pages. Other members of the Ba group come from families which originate in countries such as Greece, Turkey, Lebanon and Iraq.
I also added kit no 134236 to a project for this subclade, now called the R1b1a2 (P312- U106-) DNA Project. A further test for L51 proved negative, placing him in a group of results called R1b-L23. Anyone who tests negative for L51 is automatically negative for L11. A further test for L150 proved positive. Other members of this group come from families which originate in countries such as Italy, Germany, Poland and Kosova.
Kit no 162159 is a 7th generation descendant of Mozes Barend Wing (d 1776) and his wife, whose name is unknown. Mozes first appeared in Amsterdam in 1740, and his grandchildren changed their surname to Willing in 1812.
Kit no 162159 is descended from Elias Salomon Willing, also known as Edward Samuel Willing, who was born in Amsterdam in 1848 and migrated to England with his family around 1860. He married Laura Fanny Burland in 1872 in Manchester.
He belongs to haplogroup E1b1b1, one of the most common Jewish haplogroups, and his result is typical of those of Ashkenazi Jewish descent. (E1b1b was previously known as E3b.) Close matches are found to people whose ancestors originated all over Europe from France to Belarus, but none of them has the surname Willing (or Wing).
Deep Clade Test (Netherlands)
A Deep Clade Test was carried out on kit no 162159 in 2011, placing him in haplogroup E1b1b1c1a (or E-M84). The full results are M84+ M34+ M123+ V13- M290- M136- L143-. These are the SNPs (Single Nucleotide Polymorphism markers) which were tested. Those with a + sign were found and those with a - sign were not found.
This haplogroup has now been renamed E1b1a1b2a1a3. The shorthand version is still E-M84.
I added kit no 162159 to a project for the E1b1b1 haplogroup, the E-M35 Phylogeny Project. The title means that it is a project for investigating the evolution of this haplogroup. Kit no 162159 has been placed in a group called E1b1b1c1a = M34+M84. Other members of this group come from lines which originate in countries such as Germany, Poland, Russia, Belarus, Armenia, Turkey and Lebanon.
I also added kit no 162159 to a project for those who belong to haplogroup E and who have known Jewish ancestry in their paternal line, the Jewish E Project. He has been placed in a group called E1b1b1c1a-B. Other members of this group come from lines which originate in countries such as Ukraine, Poland, Belarus, and Lithuania.
Kit no 169402 is a 4th generation descendant of William Willing and Esther Daye, who married in St Pancras, London, in 1841. On his marriage, William’s father was stated to be S. Willing, deceased. William stated in the 1851 census that he was born in St Pancras around 1815/6, but efforts to find his baptism have so far failed.
Kit no 246855 is also a 4th generation descendant of William Willing and Esther Daye. He is descended from their third son Richard James Willing (1849-1907, husband of Mary Ann Morpeth), whereas kit no 169402 is descended from their second son William Edmund Willing (1847-1914, husband of Caroline Hoare). Kit nos 169402 and 246855 match on 35 out of 37 markers.
Both belong to haplogroup E1b1b1. As stated above, E1b1b1 is one of the most common Jewish haplogroups. It appears that William was not of English descent. A number of close matches are found to people whose ancestors originated in Spain, with smaller numbers from Portugal, France, Italy, Tunisia, Algeria, Egypt, and former Spanish colonies such as Mexico and Puerto Rico. There are also a few close matches from England, and other parts of the UK, but none of the matches has the surname Willing.
A possible explanation is that William’s ancestors were Sephardi Jews, who migrated from Spain or Portugal to England at some point between the late 15th and 18th centuries, due to persecution there. Many of these migrants became Christians and assumed English names.
Deep Clade Test (London)
A Deep Clade Test was been carried out on kit no 169402 in 2011, placing him in haplogroup E1b1b1b2 (or E-M183). The full results are M183+ M165-. These are the SNPs (Single Nucleotide Polymorphism markers) which were tested. Those with a + sign were found and those with a - sign were not found. E1b1b1b2 was subsequently reclassified as E1b1b1b1b.
This haplogroup has now been renamed E1b1a1b1a1a1. The shorthand version is still E-M183.
These results also apply to kit no 246855.
I also added kit no 169402 to the project for the E1b1b1 haplogroup mentioned above, the E-M35 Phylogeny Project. See under Deep Clade Test (Netherlands). Kit no 169402 has been placed in a group called E1b1b1b2 = M81+M183+. Other members of this group come from lines which originate in Spain and in various parts of the UK, but also from countries such as Algeria and Morocco.
Kit nos 10910, 14720 and 44912 are all descended from Frederick John Willin who was born in Germany on April 20, 1832. He was married to Elizabeth Lavigne (1838-1888) and died in Chicago on December 29, 1906.
Kit no 18978 is descended from a man who was adopted into this family.
See www.chloeannamiller.com/Willin/index.htm for more information.
Kit no 45200 is descended from Charles Willin and his second wife Eliza Allen. Charles was born about 1790 in Delaware, and died on March 20, 1869 in Seaford, Sussex County, Delaware. His other wives were Henrietta Taylor (first), and Evelyn Cannon (third). It is fairly likely that Charles was the son of Thomas Willin and Leah Adams, who married on February 9, 1780 in Lewes, Sussex County, Delaware. Thomas was born about 1757, and died about 1794 in Sussex County, Delaware.
This page was last updated on 10 February 2015.