MacFarlane DNA Project - Results

To date the following lineages have been identified in the yDNA testing process:

Cadets Lineage.  [Scions of the mormaers/earls of Lennox if not of their branch the Macfarlane clan chiefs.]  This is our project's largest lineage (including its sub-lineages) consisting of one hundred men, several of whom can trace their respective descents from the Macfarlane chiefs through one or another of their cadets (see Sub-lineage A).  In a Scottish clan yDNA project the largest lineage found should always be that of the chiefs and their cadets and thus it is in our case.  As the Macfarlane chiefs descended from a younger son of the second earl of Lennox those men in this lineage who have agreed to show their cadet house on the yDNA test results page start with "Lennox" for the earls, then "Arrochar" for the chiefs, and then whatever cadets and/or sub-cadets they may belong to such as "Gartartan."  It has been found that SNP CTS6919 provides a guidepost to the Lennox dynasty and hence to our chiefs, therefore every member of this lineage should SNP test for CTS6919 as soon as possible.  Five men [kits 281941, 274583, N28478, 209090 & N2672] have only tested 12 of their markers and need to upgrade to at least 37 markers and SNP test for CTS6919 to confirm that they belong in this lineage.  The men who have already tested 37 markers should consider upgrading to at least 67 markers.  The men who have already tested 67 makers should consider upgrading to 111 markers.  The men who have already tested 111 markers should consider taking the autosomal block DNA test ("Family Finder") so that we can more accurately define the relationships within this lineage.  The men who have already tested the maximum number of STR markers (111) and taken the "Family Finder" should consider taking the new "Big Y" SNP test which replaced the discontinued "WTY" SNP test as this could reveal more details about the ancestry of the mormaers/earls of Lennox.  As several of the men of this lineage can trace their respective descents from our chiefs and all the participants’ test results are very close, it follows that all the men of this lineage must descend from the chiefs and/or their ancestors the mormaers/earls.  [NOTE: Those listed in this lineage who do not bear a variant of the Macfarlane (or Lennox) surname may have come off the line of our chiefs (or the mormaers/earls) before surnames became fixed or from fosterage, adoption, or an extra-marital event.]  And given this descent from the chiefs it is critical to Macfarlane research that all the members of this lineage test as much of their individual yDNA (STRs and SNPs) and autosomal block DNA as they can afford over time.  Once they have tested the maximum number of yDNA markers/SNPs and their autosomal block DNA they might consider contributing to our project's General Fund to help fellow lineage-mates upgrade their markers.  To help find lost cadets, they should set their "Personal" page "User Preferences" to compare their test kit results against the lab's entire database rather than limit it just to our project's database and they should also upload their yDNA test results to Ysearch.org.

I1 Lineage 1 "Vikings 1."  This possible lineage's deep ancestry (denoted by its yHaplogroup I1, which was common amongst the Viking raiders and settlers along Scotland's West Coast) is separated from our Macfarlane chiefs' deep ancestry (denoted by its yHaplogroup R1b1a2) by tens of thousands of years and therefore this lineage does not descend from our chiefs in the direct male line.  That is not to say that one or both of these men may not have a female line descent from our chiefs.  To ascertain if they do have such a female line descent (at least within the last dozen generations) the men of this possible lineage should take the autosomal block DNA test ("Family Finder") mentioned below.  This possible lineage consists of two men, one of whom has only tested 37 markers and needs to upgrade to 67 markers to confirm that this is indeed a lineage.  After they have done that they should consider taking the autosomal block DNA test ("Family Finder") so that we can more accurately define the relationships within this lineage.  When men have tested the maximum number of markers and taken the "Family Finder" they should consult with the admin team as to which, if any, advanced SNP test should be considered as the old "Deep Clade" test is no longer recommended.  Once a man has tested the maximum number of yDNA markers and his autosomal block DNA he might consider contributing to our project's General Fund to help fellow lineage-mates upgrade their markers.  Of course to find their closest male line relatives they should set their "Personal" page "User Preferences" to compare their test kit results against the lab's entire database rather than limit it just to our project's database and they should also upload their yDNA test results to Ysearch.org.  

I1 Lineage 2 "Websters, Vikings 2."  This lineage's deep ancestry (denoted by its yHaplogroup I1, which was common amongst the Viking raiders and settlers along Scotland's West Coast) is separated from our Macfarlane chiefs' deep ancestry (denoted by its yHaplogroup R1b1a2) by tens of thousands of years and therefore this lineage does not descend from our chiefs in the direct male line.  That is not to say that one or both of these men may not have a female line descent from our chiefs.  To ascertain if they do have such a female line descent (at least within the last dozen generations) they should both take the autosomal block DNA test ("Family Finder") mentioned below.  This lineage consists of two men, father and son, one of whom [kit 295813] has tested 67 markers and should consider upgrading to 111 markers and taking the "Family Finder" like his fellow lineage-mate [kit 255966].  Of course to find other male line relatives they should set their "Personal" page "User Preferences" to compare their test kit results against the lab's entire database rather than limit it just to our project's database and they should also upload their yDNA test results to Ysearch.org.

I1 Lineage 3 "Vikings 3."  This lineage's deep ancestry (denoted by its yHaplogroup I1, which was common amongst the Viking raiders and settlers along Scotland's West Coast) is separated from our Macfarlane chiefs' deep ancestry (denoted by its yHaplogroup R1b1a2) by tens of thousands of years and therefore this lineage does not descend from our chiefs in the direct male line.  [NOTE: The men in this lineage who bear a variant of the Macfarlane surname may do so because their paternal ancestors took the surname as either retainers or tenants of our chiefs and/or their cadets or perhaps from fosterage, adoption, or an extra-marital event.]  That is not to say that one or more of these men may not have a female line descent from our chiefs.  To ascertain if they do have such a female line descent (at least within the last dozen generations) the men of this lineage should take the autosomal block DNA test ("Family Finder") mentioned below.  This lineage consists of ten men, one of whom [kit N60638] has only tested 12 markers and needs to upgrade to at least 37 markers to confirm that he belongs in this lineage.  The man [kit 188562] who has tested 25 markers also needs to upgrade to at least 37 markers.  The men who have already tested 37 markers should consider upgrading to at least 67 markers.  The men who have already tested 67 makers should consider upgrading to 111 markers.  The man [kit 123954] who has already tested 111 markers should consider taking the autosomal block DNA test ("Family Finder") so that we can more accurately define the relationships within this lineage.  When men have tested the maximum number of markers and taken the "Family Finder" they should consult with the admin team as to which, if any, advanced SNP test should be considered as the old "Deep Clade" test is no longer recommended.  Once a man has tested the maximum number of yDNA markers and his autosomal block DNA he might consider contributing to our project's General Fund to help fellow lineage-mates upgrade their markers.  Of course to find their closest male line relatives they should set their "Personal" page "User Preferences" to compare their test kit results against the lab's entire database rather than limit it just to our project's database and they should also upload their yDNA test results to Ysearch.org.

I1 Lineage 4 "Vikings 4."  This lineage's deep ancestry (denoted by its yHaplogroup I1, which was common amongst the Viking raiders and settlers along Scotland's West Coast) is separated from our Macfarlane chiefs' deep ancestry (denoted by its yHaplogroup R1b1a2) by tens of thousands of years and therefore this lineage does not descend from our chiefs in the direct male line.  [NOTE: The men in this lineage who bear a variant of the Macfarlane surname may do so because their paternal ancestors took the surname as either retainers or tenants of our chiefs and/or their cadets or perhaps from fosterage, adoption, or an extra-marital event.]  That is not to say that one or more of these men may not have a female line descent from our chiefs.  To ascertain if they do have such a female line descent (at least within the last dozen generations) the men of this lineage should take the autosomal block DNA test ("Family Finder") mentioned below.  This lineage consists of four men, two whom [kits 208022 & N75809] have tested 37 markers should consider upgrading to at least 67 markers.  The man [kit 163050] who has already tested 67 markers should consider upgrading to 111 markers.  The man [kit 742] who has already tested 111 markers has also taken the autosomal block DNA test ("Family Finder") which we hope his lineage mates will do too once they reach this level of testing so that we can more accurately define the relationships within this lineage.  When men have tested the maximum number of markers and taken the "Family Finder" they should consult with the admin team as to which, if any, advanced SNP test should be considered as the old "Deep Clade" test is no longer recommended.  Once a man has tested the maximum number of yDNA markers and his autosomal block DNA he might consider contributing to our project's General Fund to help fellow lineage-mates upgrade their markers.  Of course to find their closest male line relatives they should set their "Personal" page "User Preferences" to compare their test kit results against the lab's entire database rather than limit it just to our project's database and they should also upload their yDNA test results to Ysearch.org.

I1 Lineage 5 "Vikings 5."  This possible lineage's deep ancestry (denoted by its yHaplogroup I1, which was common amongst the Viking raiders and settlers along Scotland's West Coast) is separated from our Macfarlane chiefs' deep ancestry (denoted by its yHaplogroup R1b1a2) by tens of thousands of years and therefore this lineage does not descend from our chiefs in the direct male line.  That is not to say that one or more of these men may not have a female line descent from our chiefs.  To ascertain if they do have such a female line descent (at least within the last dozen generations) the men of this possible lineage should take the autosomal block DNA test ("Family Finder") mentioned below.  This possible lineage consists of three men, all of whom have tested 67 markers and taken "Deep Clade" tests and need to upgrade to 111 markers to confirm that this is indeed a lineage.  After they have done that they should consider taking the autosomal block DNA test ("Family Finder") so that we can more accurately define the relationships within this lineage.  When men have tested the maximum number of markers and taken the "Family Finder" they should consult with the admin team as to which, if any, advanced SNP test should be considered as the old "Deep Clade" test is no longer recommended.  Once a man has tested the maximum number of yDNA markers and his autosomal block DNA he might consider contributing to our project's General Fund to help fellow lineage-mates upgrade their markers.  Of course to find their closest male line relatives they should set their "Personal" page "User Preferences" to compare their test kit results against the lab's entire database rather than limit it just to our project's database and they should also upload their yDNA test results to Ysearch.org.  

I2a Lineage 1 "Post Ice Age Pioneers 1."  This lineage's deep ancestry (denoted by its yHaplogroup I2a, which was one of the first to settle what is now Scotland after the last Ice Age) is separated from our Macfarlane chiefs' deep ancestry (denoted by its yHaplogroup R1b1a2) by tens of thousands of years and therefore this lineage does not descend from our chiefs in the direct male line.  [NOTE: The man in this lineage who bears a variant of the Macfarlane surname may do so because his paternal ancestors took the surname as either retainers or tenants of our chiefs and/or their cadets or perhaps from fosterage, adoption, or an extra-marital event.]  That is not to say that one or both of these men may not have a female line descent from our chiefs.  To ascertain if they do have such a female line descent (at least within the last dozen generations) the men of this lineage should take the autosomal block DNA test ("Family Finder").  This lineage consisted of two men, one of whom tested 25 markers and the other 37 markers.  The latter has since withdrawn from the project but his test results did show that he belonged in this lineage.  Of course to find their closest male line relatives they should set their "Personal" page "User Preferences" to compare their test kit results against the lab's entire database rather than limit it just to our project's database and they should also upload their yDNA test results to Ysearch.org.

I2b Lineage 1 "Post Ice Age Pioneers 2."  This lineage's deep ancestry (denoted by its yHaplogroup I2b, which was one of the first to settle what is now Scotland after the last Ice Age) is separated from our Macfarlane chiefs' deep ancestry (denoted by its yHaplogroup R1b1a2) by tens of thousands of years and therefore this lineage does not descend from our chiefs in the direct male line.  [NOTE: The men in this lineage who bear a variant of the Macfarlane surname may do so because their paternal ancestors took the surname as either retainers or tenants of our chiefs and/or their cadets or perhaps from fosterage, adoption, or an extra-marital event.]  That is not to say that one or both of these men may not have a female line descent from our chiefs.  To ascertain if they do have such a female line descent (at least within the last dozen generations) the men of this lineage should take the autosomal block DNA test ("Family Finder").  This lineage consists of two men who are second cousins.  It is hoped that they can both take advanced SNP tests to confirm their yHaplogroup.  To find other close male line relatives they should set their "Personal" page "User Preferences" to compare their test kit results against the lab's entire database rather than limit it just to our project's database and they should also upload their yDNA test results to Ysearch.org. 

I2b Lineage 2 "Post Ice Age Pioneers 3."  This lineage's deep ancestry (denoted by its yHaplogroup I2b, which was one of the first to settle what is now Scotland after the last Ice Age) is separated from our Macfarlane chiefs' deep ancestry (denoted by its yHaplogroup R1b1a2) by tens of thousands of years and therefore this lineage does not descend from our chiefs in the direct male line.  [NOTE: The men in this lineage who bear a variant of the Macfarlane surname may do so because their paternal ancestors took the surname as either retainers or tenants of our chiefs and/or their cadets or perhaps from fosterage, adoption, or an extra-marital event.]  That is not to say that one or more of these men may not have a female line descent from our chiefs.  To ascertain if they do have such a female line descent (at least within the last dozen generations) the men of this lineage should take the autosomal block DNA test ("Family Finder").  This lineage consists of three men who are fourth cousins and have all tested 67 markers.  They should now consider upgrading to 111 markers.  When men have tested the maximum number of markers and taken the "Family Finder" they should consult with the admin team as to which, if any, advanced SNP test should be considered as the old "Deep Clade" test is no longer recommended.  Once a man has tested the maximum number of yDNA markers and his autosomal block DNA he might consider contributing to our project's General Fund to help fellow lineage-mates upgrade their markers.  Of course to find their closest male line relatives they should set their "Personal" page "User Preferences" to compare their test kit results against the lab's entire database rather than limit it just to our project's database and they should also upload their yDNA test results to Ysearch.org.   

I2b Lineage 3 "Post Ice Age Pioneers 4."  This possible lineage's deep ancestry (denoted by its yHaplogroup I2b, which was one of the first to settle what is now Scotland after the last Ice Age) is separated from our Macfarlane chiefs' deep ancestry (denoted by its yHaplogroup R1b1a2) by tens of thousands of years and therefore this lineage does not descend from our chiefs in the direct male line.  That is not to say that one or both of these men may not have a female line descent from our chiefs.  To ascertain if they do have such a female line descent (at least within the last dozen generations) the men of this lineage should take the autosomal block DNA test ("Family Finder") mentioned below.  This possible lineage consists of two men, one of whom [kit N4567] has only tested 12 markers and needs to upgrade to at least 37 markers to confirm that this is indeed a lineage.  The other man [kit 95801] has tested 67 markers and should consider upgrading to 111 markers.  Once men have tested 111 markers they should consider taking the autosomal block DNA test ("Family Finder") so that we can more accurately define the relationships within this lineage.  When men have tested the maximum number of markers and taken the "Family Finder" they should consult with the admin team as to which, if any, advanced SNP test should be considered as the old "Deep Clade" test is no longer recommended.  Once a man has tested the maximum number of yDNA markers and his autosomal block DNA he might consider contributing to our project's General Fund to help fellow lineage-mates upgrade their markers.  Of course to find their closest male line relatives they should set their "Personal" page "User Preferences" to compare their test kit results against the lab's entire database rather than limit it just to our project's database and they should also upload their yDNA test results to Ysearch.org.   

I2b Lineage 4 "Robbs, Post Ice Age Pioneers 5."  This lineage's deep ancestry (denoted by its yHaplogroup I2b, which was one of the first to settle what is now Scotland after the last Ice Age) is separated from our Macfarlane chiefs' deep ancestry (denoted by its yHaplogroup R1b1a2) by tens of thousands of years and therefore this lineage does not descend from our chiefs in the direct male line.  That is not to say that one or more of these men may not have a female line descent from our chiefs.  To ascertain if they do have such a female line descent (at least within the last dozen generations) the men of this lineage should take the autosomal block DNA test ("Family Finder") mentioned below.  This lineage consists of three men of this clan Macfarlane Sept surname, two of whom have tested 37 markers.  One of these [kit 111662] has also taken a "Deep Clade" test which confirmed his Haplogroup.  Both of these men should consider upgrading to at least 67 markers.  The other man [kit 142468] has already tested 67 markers and should consider upgrading to 111 markers.  Once men have tested 111 markers they should consider taking the autosomal block DNA test ("Family Finder") so that we can more accurately define the relationships within this lineage.  When men have tested the maximum number of markers and taken the "Family Finder" they should consult with the admin team as to which, if any, advanced SNP test should be considered as the old "Deep Clade" test is no longer recommended.  Once a man has tested the maximum number of yDNA markers and his autosomal block DNA he might consider contributing to our project's General Fund to help fellow lineage-mates upgrade their markers.  Of course to find their closest male line relatives they should set their "Personal" page "User Preferences" to compare their test kit results against the lab's entire database rather than limit it just to our project's database and they should also upload their yDNA test results to Ysearch.org.

R1b Atlantic Modal Lineage 1.  This lineage's deep ancestry, yHaplogroup R1b1a2, is the same as our chiefs though their respective lines branched apart over a thousand years ago.  [NOTE: The men in this lineage who bear a variant of the Macfarlane surname may do so because their paternal ancestors took the surname as either retainers or tenants of our chiefs and/or their cadets or perhaps from fosterage, adoption, or an extra-marital event.]  This lineage consists of three men, one of whom [kit 63241] has only tested 12 markers and needs to upgrade to at least 37 markers to confirm that he belongs in this lineage.  The man [kit 160231] who has already tested 37 markers should consider upgrading to at least 67 markers.  The man [kit 211610] who has already tested 67 markers and should consider upgrading to 111 markers.  Though these men share a common direct male line ancestor sometime in the last 24 generations (approximately 600 years) they do not descend from our Macfarlane chiefs in the male line.  That is not to say that one or more of these men may not have a female line descent from our chiefs.  To ascertain if they do have such a female line descent (at least within the last dozen generations) the men of this lineage should take the autosomal block DNA test ("Family Finder") once they have tested 111 markers.  When men have tested the maximum number of markers and taken the "Family Finder" they should consult with the admin team as to which, if any, advanced SNP test should be considered as the old "Deep Clade" test is no longer recommended.  Once a man has tested the maximum number of yDNA markers and his autosomal block DNA he might consider contributing to our project's General Fund to help fellow lineage-mates upgrade their markers.  Of course to find their closest male line relatives they should set their "Personal" page "User Preferences" to compare their test kit results against the lab's entire database rather than limit it just to our project's database and they should also upload their yDNA test results to Ysearch.org.

R1b Atlantic Modal Lineage 2.  This possible lineage's deep ancestry, yHaplogroup R1b1a2, is the same as our chiefs though their respective lines branched apart over a thousand years ago.  [NOTE: The man in this lineage who bears a variant of the Macfarlane surname may do so because his paternal ancestors took the surname as either retainers or tenants of our chiefs and/or their cadets or perhaps from fosterage, adoption, or an extra-marital event.]  This possible lineage consists of two men, both of whom need to upgrade to at least 67 markers to confirm that this is indeed a lineage.  While these men do not descend from our Macfarlane chiefs in the male line, that is not to say that one or both of these men may not have a female line descent from our chiefs.  To ascertain if they do have such a female line descent (at least within the last dozen generations) the men of this lineage should take the autosomal block DNA test ("Family Finder") which can also help define the relationships within this lineage.  Of course to find their closest male line relatives they should set their "Personal" page "User Preferences" to compare their test kit results against the lab's entire database rather than limit it just to our project's database and they should also upload their yDNA test results to Ysearch.org.

R1b Atlantic Modal Lineage 3.  This lineage's deep ancestry, yHaplogroup R1b1a2, is the same as our chiefs and part of its haplotype may indicate a relationship to our chiefs.  This lineage consists of two men who share a common direct male line ancestor sometime in the last 16 generations (approximately 400 years).  The man [kit 97537] who has tested 37 markers should consider upgrading to at least 67 markers.  The man [kit 73484] who has already tested 67 makers should consider upgrading to 111 markers.  Once men have tested 111 markers they should also consider taking an advanced SNP test for DF63 to clarify their relationship to our chiefs.  One or both of these men may also have a female line descent from our chiefs.  To ascertain if they do have such a female line descent (at least within the last dozen generations) the men of this lineage should take the autosomal block DNA test ("Family Finder") after they have tested the maximum number of yDNA markers.  Of course to find their closest male line relatives they should set their "Personal" page "User Preferences" to compare their test kit results against the lab's entire database rather than limit it just to our project's database and they should also upload their yDNA test results to Ysearch.org.

R1b Atlantic Modal Lineage 4.  This lineage's deep ancestry, yHaplogroup R1b1a2, is the same as our chiefs, but as three of the men in this lineage do not carry SNP DF63 they cannot descend from our chiefs.  This lineage consists of four men, one of whom [kit 161880] has tested 37 markers and needs to upgrade to at least 67 markers to confirm his placement here.  The remaining men have already tested 111 makers and SNP tested for DF63 (for which they were found to be negative).  There is a chance that one or more of these men may have a female line descent from our chiefs.  To ascertain if they do have such a female line descent (at least within the last dozen generations) the men of this lineage should take the autosomal block DNA test ("Family Finder").  Of course to find their closest male line relatives they should set their "Personal" page "User Preferences" to compare their test kit results against the lab's entire database rather than limit it just to our project's database and they should also upload their yDNA test results to Ysearch.org.

R1b Atlantic Modal Lineage 5 "Sheldons."  This lineage's deep ancestry, yHaplogroup R1b1a2, is the same as our chiefs though their respective lines branched apart over a thousand years ago.  This lineage consists of two men (uncle and nephew), one of whom [kit N100882] has only tested 25 markers and needs to upgrade to at least 37 markers.  The man [kit 249333] who has tested 67 markers and should consider upgrading to 111 markers.  Though these men are not Macfarlanes in the male line they do have a Macfarlane ancestress and to ascertain if she descended from our chiefs (at least within the last dozen generations) the men of this lineage should take the autosomal block DNA test ("Family Finder").  When men have tested the maximum number of markers and taken the "Family Finder" they should consult with the admin team as to which, if any, advanced SNP test should be considered as the old "Deep Clade" test is no longer recommended.  Once a man has tested the maximum number of yDNA markers and his autosomal block DNA he might consider contributing to our project's General Fund to help fellow lineage-mates upgrade their markers.  Of course to find their closest male line relatives they should set their "Personal" page "User Preferences" to compare their test kit results against the lab's entire database rather than limit it just to our project's database and they should also upload their yDNA test results to Ysearch.org.

R1b Atlantic Modal Lineage 6.  This possible lineage's deep ancestry, yHaplogroup R1b1a2, is the same as our chiefs though their respective lines branched apart over a thousand years ago.  [NOTE: The man in this lineage who bears a variant of the Macfarlane surname may do so because his paternal ancestors took the surname as either retainers or tenants of our chiefs and/or their cadets or perhaps from fosterage, adoption, or an extra-marital event.]  This possible lineage consists of four men, three of whom have tested 67 markers and should consider upgrading to 111 markers like the other man.  Though two of these men share a common direct male line ancestor sometime in the last 20 generations (approximately 500 years) they do not descend from our Macfarlane chiefs in the male line.  That is not to say that one or more of these men may not have a female line descent from our chiefs.  To ascertain if they do have such a female line descent (at least within the last dozen generations) the men of this lineage should take the autosomal block DNA test ("Family Finder").  When men have tested the maximum number of markers and taken the "Family Finder" they should consult with the admin team as to which, if any, advanced SNP test should be considered as the old "Deep Clade" test is no longer recommended.  [The man [kit 175327] who has already tested 111 markers has tested positive for SNP R-L193 and the other men should also test for this same SNP.]  Once a man has tested the maximum number of yDNA markers and his autosomal block DNA he might consider contributing to our project's General Fund to help fellow lineage-mates upgrade their markers.  Of course to find their closest male line relatives they should set their "Personal" page "User Preferences" to compare their test kit results against the lab's entire database rather than limit it just to our project's database and they should also upload their yDNA test results to Ysearch.org.     

R1b Atlantic Modal Lineage 7.  This lineage's deep ancestry, yHaplogroup R1b1a2, is the same as our chiefs though their respective lines appear to have branched apart over a thousand years ago.  [NOTE: The men in this lineage who bear a variant of the Macfarlane surname may do so because their paternal ancestors took the surname as either retainers or tenants of our chiefs and/or their cadets or perhaps from fosterage, adoption, or an extra-marital event.]  This lineage consists of five men, one of whom [kit 162930] has tested 37 markers and should consider upgrading to at least 67 markers like the other men in this lineage.  The men who have already tested 67 makers should  consider upgrading to 111 markers.  The man who has tested 111 markers should consider taking an advanced SNP test after consulting with the admin team as the old "Deep Clade" test is no longer recommended.  While these men do not appear to descend from our Macfarlane chiefs in the male line, that is not to say that one or more of these men may not have a female line descent from our chiefs.  To ascertain if they do have such a female line descent (at least within the last dozen generations) the men of this lineage should take the autosomal block DNA test ("Family Finder").  Once a man has tested the maximum number of yDNA markers and his autosomal block DNA he might consider contributing to our project's General Fund to help fellow lineage-mates upgrade their markers.  Of course to find their closest male line relatives they should set their "Personal" page "User Preferences" to compare their test kit results against the lab's entire database rather than limit it just to our project's database and they should also upload their yDNA test results to Ysearch.org.

R1b Atlantic Modal Lineage 8.  This lineage's deep ancestry, yHaplogroup R1b1a2, is the same as our chiefs though their respective lines branched apart over a thousand years ago.  [NOTE: The men in this lineage who bear a variant of the Macfarlane surname may do so because their paternal ancestors took the surname as either retainers or tenants of our chiefs and/or their cadets or perhaps from fosterage, adoption, or an extra-marital event.]  This lineage consists of two men, one of whom [kit 107339] has tested 67 markers and should consider upgrading to 111 markers.  The man [kit 189862] who has already tested 111 markers should also consider taking an advanced SNP test after consulting with the admin team as the old "Deep Clade" test is no longer recommended.  While these men do not descend from our Macfarlane chiefs in the male line, that is not to say that one or both of these men may not have a female line descent from our chiefs.  To ascertain if they do have such a female line descent (at least within the last dozen generations) the men of this lineage should take the autosomal block DNA test ("Family Finder").  Once a man has tested the maximum number of yDNA markers and his autosomal block DNA he might consider contributing to our project's General Fund to help fellow lineage-mates upgrade their markers.  Of course to find their closest male line relatives they should set their "Personal" page "User Preferences" to compare their test kit results against the lab's entire database rather than limit it just to our project's database and they should also upload their yDNA test results to Ysearch.org.

R1b Irish I Modal (Ui Neill Dynasty) Lineage 1 "Megaws."  This lineage's deep ancestry, yHaplogroup R1b1a2, is the same as our chiefs though their respective lines branched apart over a thousand years ago.  This lineage (including sub-lineages) consists of four men, one of whom [kit N31460] has only tested 12 markers and needs to upgrade to at least 37 markers to confirm that he belongs in this lineage.  The three men who have tested 67 markers should consider upgrading to 111 markers.  Once men have tested 111 markers they should also consider taking an advanced SNP test (for DF85 and/or DF97) after consulting with the admin team as the old "Deep Clade" test is no longer recommended.  One of the 67 marker participants [kit 158783] has already taken a Deep Clade test which confirmed that this lineage is related to the Irish I Modal Haplotype which is the signature of the Ui Neill Dynasty, long the High Kings of Ireland.  Their test results also indicate that they have not had a direct male line ancestor in common with our chiefs for over a thousand years and therefore this lineage cannot descend from our Macfarlane chiefs in the direct male line.  That is not to say that one or more of these men may not have a female line descent from our chiefs.  To ascertain if they do have such a female line descent (at least within the last dozen generations) the men of this lineage should take the autosomal block DNA test ("Family Finder").  Once a man has tested the maximum number of yDNA markers and his autosomal block DNA he might consider contributing to our project's General Fund to help fellow lineage-mates upgrade their markers.  Of course to find their closest male line relatives they should set their "Personal" page "User Preferences" to compare their test kit results against the lab's entire database rather than limit it just to our project's database and they should also upload their yDNA test results to Ysearch.org.

R1b Irish I Modal (Ui Neill Dynasty) Lineage 2.  This possible lineage's deep ancestry, yHaplogroup R1b1a2, is the same as our chiefs though their respective lines branched apart over a thousand years ago.  This possible lineage consists of two men, one of whom [kit 52081] has tested 37 markers and needs to upgrade to at least 67 markers to confirm that this is indeed a lineage.  The other man [kit 51164] has already tested 67 markers and taken a Deep Clade test which confirmed that he is related to the Irish I Modal Haplotype which is the signature of the Ui Neill Dynasty, long the High Kings of Ireland (he should now consider upgrading to 111 markers).  Their test results also indicate that they have not had a direct male line ancestor in common with our chiefs for over a thousand years and therefore this lineage cannot descend from our Macfarlane chiefs in the direct male line.  That is not to say that one or both of these men may not have a female line descent from our chiefs.  To ascertain if they do have such a female line descent (at least within the last dozen generations) the men of this lineage should take the autosomal block DNA test ("Family Finder").  Once a man has tested the maximum number of yDNA markers and his autosomal block DNA he might consider contributing to our project's General Fund to help fellow lineage-mates upgrade their markers.  Of course to find their closest male line relatives they should set their "Personal" page "User Preferences" to compare their test kit results against the lab's entire database rather than limit it just to our project's database and they should also upload their yDNA test results to Ysearch.org.

R1b Irish I Modal (Ui Neill Dynasty) Lineage 3.  This lineage's deep ancestry, yHaplogroup R1b1a2, is the same as our chiefs though their respective lines branched apart over a thousand years ago.  [NOTE: The men in this lineage who bear a variant of the Macfarlane surname may do so because their paternal ancestors took the surname as either retainers or tenants of our chiefs and/or their cadets or perhaps from fosterage, adoption, or an extra-marital event.]  This lineage consisted of four men, one of whom has since withdrawn from the project but his 67 marker test results did show that he belonged in this lineage.  The three remaining men have also tested 67 markers and should consider upgrading to 111 markers.  Once men have tested 111 markers they should also consider taking an advanced SNP test (for DF85 and/or DF97) after consulting with the admin team as the old "Deep Clade" test is no longer recommended.  This lineage is related to the Irish I Modal Haplotype which is the signature of the Ui Neill Dynasty, long the High Kings of Ireland.  Two of the men in this lineage [kits 70182 & 133449] share a common direct male line ancestor sometime in the last 20 generations (approximately 500 years).  Their test results also indicate that they have not had a direct male line ancestor in common with our Macfarlane chiefs for over a thousand years and therefore this lineage cannot descend from our chiefs in the direct male line.  That is not to say that one or more of these men may not have a female line descent from our chiefs.  To ascertain if they do have such a female line descent (at least within the last dozen generations) the men of this lineage should take the autosomal block DNA test ("Family Finder").  Once a man has tested the maximum number of yDNA markers and his autosomal block DNA he might consider contributing to our project's General Fund to help fellow lineage-mates upgrade their markers.  Of course to find their closest male line relatives they should set their "Personal" page "User Preferences" to compare their test kit results against the lab's entire database rather than limit it just to our project's database and they should also upload their yDNA test results to Ysearch.org.

R1b Irish I Modal (Ui Neill Dynasty) Lineage 4.  This lineage's deep ancestry, yHaplogroup R1b1a2, is the same as our chiefs though their respective lines branched apart over a thousand years ago.  [NOTE: The men in this lineage who bear a variant of the Macfarlane surname may do so because their paternal ancestors took the surname as either retainers or tenants of our chiefs and/or their cadets or perhaps from fosterage, adoption, or an extra-marital event.]  This lineage consists of thirteen men, four of whom have tested 37 markers and should consider upgrading to at least 67 markers.  The men who have already tested 67 makers should consider upgrading to 111 markers.  Once men have tested 111 markers they should also consider taking an advanced SNP test (for DF85 and/or DF97), as indeed have the two men who have already tested 111 markers.  Their test results show that these men share a common direct male line ancestor sometime in the last 30 generations (approximately 750 years) and the Deep Clade tests of four of them [kits 229652, 56463, 228786, & 26153] confirm that they are related to the Irish I Modal Haplotype which is the signature of the Ui Neill Dynasty, long the High Kings of Ireland.  Their test results also indicate that they have not had a direct male line ancestor in common with our Macfarlane chiefs for over a thousand years and therefore this lineage cannot descend from our chiefs in the direct male line.  That is not to say that one or more of these men may not have a female line descent from our chiefs.  To ascertain if they do have such a female line descent (at least within the last dozen generations) the men of this lineage should take the autosomal block DNA test ("Family Finder").  Once a man has tested the maximum number of yDNA markers and his autosomal block DNA he might consider contributing to our project's General Fund to help fellow lineage-mates upgrade their markers.  Of course to find their closest male line relatives they should set their "Personal" page "User Preferences" to compare their test kit results against the lab's entire database rather than limit it just to our project's database and they should also upload their yDNA test results to Ysearch.org.

R1b Irish I Modal (Ui Neill Dynasty) Lineage 5 "Galloways."  This lineage's deep ancestry, yHaplogroup R1b1a2, is the same as our chiefs though their respective lines branched apart over a thousand years ago.  This lineage consisted of three men of this clan Macfarlane Sept surname, one of whom has only tested 12 markers and needs to upgrade to at least 37 markers to confirm that he belongs in this lineage.  One participant has since withdrawn from the project but his test results did show that he belonged in this lineage.  Their test results are close to the Irish I Modal Haplotype, which is the signature of the Ui Neill Dynasty, long the High Kings of Ireland, and the man who has tested 67 markers should take an advanced SNP test (for DF85 and/or DF97) to confirm it and upgrade to 111 markers.  Their test results also indicate that they have not had a direct male line ancestor in common with our Macfarlane chiefs for over a thousand years and therefore this lineage cannot descend from our chiefs in the direct male line.  That is not to say that one or more of these men may not have a female line descent from our chiefs.  To ascertain if they do have such a female line descent (at least within the last dozen generations) the men of this lineage should take the autosomal block DNA test ("Family Finder").  Once a man has tested the maximum number of yDNA markers and his autosomal block DNA he might consider contributing to our project's General Fund to help fellow lineage-mates upgrade their markers.  Of course to find their closest male line relatives they should set their "Personal" page "User Preferences" to compare their test kit results against the lab's entire database rather than limit it just to our project's database and they should also upload their yDNA test results to Ysearch.org.

R1b Little Scottish Cluster.  This possible lineage's deep ancestry, yHaplogroup R1b1a2, is the same as our chiefs though their respective lines branched apart over a thousand years ago.  [NOTE: The men in this lineage who bear a variant of the Macfarlane surname may do so because their paternal ancestors took the surname as either retainers or tenants of our chiefs and/or their cadets or perhaps from fosterage, adoption, or an extra-marital event.]  This possible lineage consists of three men, one of whom [kit N50260] has only tested 12 markers and needs to upgrade to at least 37 markers to confirm that this is indeed a lineage.  The man [kit 51254] who has tested 37 markers should consider upgrading to at least 67 markers.  The man [kit 166653] who has taken a Deep Clade test and tested 67 markers should also now consider upgrading to 111 markers.  Once men have tested 111 markers they should also consider taking an advanced SNP test after consulting with the admin team as the old "Deep Clade" test is no longer recommended.  Their test results also indicate that they have not had a direct male line ancestor in common with our Macfarlane chiefs for perhaps over a thousand years and therefore this lineage cannot descend from our chiefs in the direct male line.  That is not to say that one or both of these men may not have a female line descent from our chiefs.  To ascertain if they do have such a female line descent (at least within the last dozen generations) the men of this lineage should take the autosomal block DNA test ("Family Finder").  Once a man has tested the maximum number of yDNA markers and his autosomal block DNA he might consider contributing to our project's General Fund to help fellow lineage-mates upgrade their markers.  Of course to find their closest male line relatives they should set their "Personal" page "User Preferences" to compare their test kit results against the lab's entire database rather than limit it just to our project's database and they should also upload their yDNA test results to Ysearch.org.

R1b Scots Modal (Dalriada Dynasty) Lineage 1 "Hidden Macgregors 1."  This lineage's deep ancestry, yHaplogroup R1b1a2, is the same as our chiefs though their respective lines branched apart over a thousand years ago.  This lineage (including sub-lineages) consists of fiveteen men whose test results closely match those of the chiefs of clan Gregor [see MacGregor Dual Geographical Project] and the Scots Modal Haplotype, the latter of which indicates that they are scions of the kings of Dalriada (the Gaelic settlement on the West Coast of what is now Scotland).  The ancestors of these men may have changed their surname when the Macgregors were outlawed in 1603 following the battle of Glenfruin.  The man [kit 279525] who has only tested 12 markers needs to upgrade to at least 37 markers to confirm that he belongs in this lineage.  The five men who have already tested 37 markers should consider upgrading to at least 67 markers.  The five men who have already tested 67 makers should consider upgrading to 111 markers.  The men who have already tested 111 markers should now consider taking a SNP test for R-L1335 and/or R-L1065; indeed one of them has and is positive for this SNP.  Clearly this lineage does not descend from our Macfarlane chiefs in the direct male line.  That is not to say that one or more of these men may not have a female line descent from our chiefs and three of these men [kits 65802, 162109, & 189492] have taken the autosomal block DNA test ("Family Finder"), which may, as that database grows, show such a connection.  Once a man has tested the maximum number of yDNA markers and his autosomal block DNA he might consider contributing to our project's General Fund to help fellow lineage-mates upgrade their markers.  Of course to find their closest male line relatives they should set their "Personal" page "User Preferences" to compare their test kit results against the lab's entire database rather than limit it just to our project's database and they should also upload their yDNA test results to Ysearch.org.

R1b Scots Modal (Dalriada Dynasty) Lineage 2.  This lineage's deep ancestry, yHaplogroup R1b1a2, is the same as our chiefs though their respective lines branched apart over a thousand years ago.  [NOTE: The man in this lineage who bears a variant of the Macfarlane surname may do so because his paternal ancestors took the surname as either retainers or tenants of our chiefs and/or their cadets or perhaps from fosterage, adoption, or an extra-marital event.]  This lineage consists of two men whose test results match the Scots Modal Haplotype, which indicates that they are scions of the kings of Dalriada (the Gaelic settlement on the West Coast of what is now Scotland).  Both men have tested 111 markers and should now consider taking a SNP test for R-L1335 and or R-L1065.  Though these two men share a common direct male line ancestor sometime in the last 28 generations (approximately 700 years) they do not appear to descend from our Macfarlane chiefs in the male line.  That is not to say that one or more of these men may not have a female line descent from our chiefs.  To ascertain if they do have such a female line descent (at least within the last dozen generations) the men of this lineage should take the autosomal block DNA test ("Family Finder").  Once a man has tested the maximum number of yDNA markers and his autosomal block DNA he might consider contributing to our project's General Fund to help fellow lineage-mates upgrade their markers.  Of course to find their closest male line relatives they should set their "Personal" page "User Preferences" to compare their test kit results against the lab's entire database rather than limit it just to our project's database and they should also upload their yDNA test results to Ysearch.org. 

R1b Scots Modal (Dalriada Dynasty) Lineage 3 "Hidden Macgregors 2."  This lineage's deep ancestry, yHaplogroup R1b1a2, is the same as our chiefs though their respective lines branched apart over a thousand years ago.  This lineage consists of eleven men whose test results match the Scots Modal Haplotype, which indicates that they are scions of the kings of Dalriada (the Gaelic settlement on the West Coast of what is now Scotland).  Several of these men match the current chief of Clan Gregor [see MacGregor Dual Geographical Project] and further research needs to be done to determine if they are descendants of that clan or if their connection is back before it was founded.  The ancestors of these men may have changed their surname when the Macgregors were outlawed in 1603 following the battle of Glenfruin.  The men [kits 278807 & 311825] who have only tested 12 markers need (over time) to upgrade to at least 37 markers to confirm their placement in this lineage.  The men who have already tested 37 markers should consider upgrading to at least 67 markers.  The six men who have already tested 67 makers should consider upgrading to 111 markers.  The man who has already tested 111 markers has tested positive for SNP R-L1335 and the other members of this lineage should also test for this SNP and/or its further mutation R-L1065.  Two of the men who have tested 67 makers have also taken Deep Clade tests which confirmed their relationship to the Scots Modal Haplotype.  Their test results also indicate that they have not had a direct male line ancestor in common with our Macfarlane chiefs for perhaps over a thousand years and therefore this lineage cannot descend from our chiefs in the direct male line.  That is not to say that one or more of these men may not have a female line descent from our chiefs.  To ascertain if they do have such a female line descent (at least within the last dozen generations) the men of this lineage should take the autosomal block DNA test ("Family Finder").  Once a man has tested the maximum number of yDNA markers and his autosomal block DNA he might consider contributing to our project's General Fund to help fellow lineage-mates upgrade their markers.  Of course to find their closest male line relatives they should set their "Personal" page "User Preferences" to compare their test kit results against the lab's entire database rather than limit it just to our project's database and they should also upload their yDNA test results to Ysearch.org.

R1b Scots Modal (Dalriada Dynasty) Lineage 4.  This lineage's deep ancestry, yHaplogroup R1b1a2, is the same as our chiefs though their respective lines branched apart over a thousand years ago.  [NOTE: The men in this lineage who bear a variant of the Macfarlane surname may do so because their paternal ancestors took the surname as either retainers or tenants of our chiefs and/or their cadets or perhaps from fosterage, adoption, or an extra-marital event.]  This lineage consists of two men whose test results match the Scots Modal Haplotype, which indicates that they are scions of the kings of Dalriada (the Gaelic settlement on the West Coast of what is now Scotland).  The man [kit 153484] who has tested 37 markers should consider upgrading to at least 67 markers like the other man in this lineage.  The latter should consider upgrading to 111 markers.  Once men have tested 111 markers they should also consider taking a SNP test for R-L1335 and/or R-L1065.  Their test results also indicate that they have not had a direct male line ancestor in common with our Macfarlane chiefs for perhaps over a thousand years and therefore this lineage cannot descend from our chiefs in the direct male line.  That is not to say that one or both of these men may not have a female line descent from our chiefs.  To ascertain if they do have such a female line descent (at least within the last dozen generations) the men of this lineage should take the autosomal block DNA test ("Family Finder").  Once a man has tested the maximum number of yDNA markers and his autosomal block DNA he might consider contributing to our project's General Fund to help fellow lineage-mates upgrade their markers.  Of course to find their closest male line relatives they should set their "Personal" page "User Preferences" to compare their test kit results against the lab's entire database rather than limit it just to our project's database and they should also upload their yDNA test results to Ysearch.org.

R1b Scots Modal (Dalriada Dynasty) Lineage 5.  This possible lineage's deep ancestry, yHaplogroup R1b1a2, is the same as our chiefs though their respective lines branched apart over a thousand years ago.  [NOTE: The man in this lineage who bears a variant of the Macfarlane surname may do so because his paternal ancestors took the surname as either retainers or tenants of our chiefs and/or their cadets or perhaps from fosterage, adoption, or an extra-marital event.]  This possible lineage consists of two men whose test results closely match the Scots Modal Haplotype, which indicates that they are scions of the kings of Dalriada (the Gaelic settlement on the West Coast of what is now Scotland).  While they have both tested 37 markers they have so many differences that they each need to upgrade to at least 67 markers in order to confirm that this is indeed a lineage.  Their test results also indicate that they have not had a direct male line ancestor in common with our Macfarlane chiefs for perhaps over a thousand years and therefore this lineage cannot descend from our chiefs in the direct male line.  That is not to say that one or both of these men may not have a female line descent from our chiefs.  To ascertain if they do have such a female line descent (at least within the last dozen generations) the men of this lineage should take the autosomal block DNA test ("Family Finder").  Once a man has tested the maximum number of yDNA markers and his autosomal block DNA he might consider contributing to our project's General Fund to help fellow lineage-mates upgrade their markers.  Of course to find their closest male line relatives they should set their "Personal" page "User Preferences" to compare their test kit results against the lab's entire database rather than limit it just to our project's database and they should also upload their yDNA test results to Ysearch.org.          

R1b Scots Modal (Dalriada Dynasty) Lineage 6.  This lineage's deep ancestry, yHaplogroup R1b1a2, is the same as our chiefs though their respective lines branched apart over a thousand years ago.  [NOTE: The men in this lineage who bear a variant of the Macfarlane surname may do so because their paternal ancestors took the surname as either retainers or tenants of our chiefs and/or their cadets or perhaps from fosterage, adoption, or an extra-marital event.]  This lineage (including sub-lineages) consisted of seven men whose test results closely match the Scots Modal Haplotype, which indicates that they are scions of the kings of Dalriada (the Gaelic settlement on the West Coast of what is now Scotland).  One participant has since withdrawn from the project but his test results did show that he belonged in this lineage.  One of the remaining men [kit N15759] has only tested 12 markers and needs to upgrade to at least 37 markers to confirm that he belongs in this lineage.  The men who have already tested 37 markers should consider upgrading to at least 67 markers.  The two men who have already tested 67 makers should consider upgrading to 111 markers.  The man [kit 200760] who has already tested 111 markers should now consider taking a SNP test for R-L1335 and/or R-L1065.  Though two of these men are second cousins and another two men share a common direct male line ancestor with them sometime in the last 12 generations (approximately 300 years) they do not appear to descend from our Macfarlane chiefs in the male line.  That is not to say that one or more of these men may not have a female line descent from our chiefs and two of these men [kits 168451 & 200760] have taken the autosomal block DNA test ("Family Finder"), which may, as that database grows, show such a connection.  Once a man has tested the maximum number of yDNA markers and his autosomal block DNA he might consider contributing to our project's General Fund to help fellow lineage-mates upgrade their markers.  Of course to find their closest male line relatives they should set their "Personal" page "User Preferences" to compare their test kit results against the lab's entire database rather than limit it just to our project's database and they should also upload their yDNA test results to Ysearch.org.

R1b Scots Modal (Dalriada Dynasty) Lineage 7.  This possible lineage's deep ancestry, yHaplogroup R1b1a2, is the same as our chiefs though their respective lines branched apart over a thousand years ago.  This possible lineage consists of two men who have only tested 12 markers and they each need to upgrade to at least 37 markers to confirm that this is indeed a lineage.  It is hard to be certain with only 12 markers but these men may be related to the Scots Modal Haplotype, which would indicate that they could be scions of the kings of Dalriada (the Gaelic settlement on the West Coast of what is now Scotland).  To find their closest male line relatives they should set their "Personal" page "User Preferences" to compare their test kit results against the lab's entire database rather than limit it just to our project's database and they should also upload their yDNA test results to Ysearch.org.

R1b Scots Modal (Dalriada Dynasty) Lineage 8 "Millers."  This lineage's deep ancestry, yHaplogroup R1b1a2, is the same as our chiefs though their respective lines branched apart over a thousand years ago.  This lineage consists of two men of this clan Macfarlane Sept surname whose test results indicate that they are scions of the kings of Dalriada (the Gaelic settlement on the West Coast of what is now Scotland).  It should be noted that their haplotype is a little different than the other lineages labeled "Scots Modal" above in that this lineage may be scions of the dynasts of the parent kingdom of Dalriada on the East Coast of what is now Ulster in Ireland.  The man [kit 106939] who has tested 37 markers should consider upgrading to at least 67 markers.  The other man [kit 28079] who has already tested 111 makers, taken a Deep Clade test, and tested his autosomal block DNA (via the "Family Finder") should now consider taking a SNP test for R-L1335.  These men are close cousins who are related to the Scots Modal Haplotype, but their test results also indicate that they have not had a direct male line ancestor in common with our Macfarlane chiefs for perhaps over a thousand years and therefore this lineage cannot descend from our chiefs in the direct male line.  That is not to say that one or both of these men may not have a female line descent from our chiefs and one of these men [kit 28079] has taken the autosomal block DNA test ("Family Finder"), which may, as that database grows, show such a connection.  Once a man has tested the maximum number of yDNA markers and his autosomal block DNA he might consider contributing to our project's General Fund to help fellow lineage-mates upgrade their markers.  Of course to find their closest male line relatives they should set their "Personal" page "User Preferences" to compare their test kit results against the lab's entire database rather than limit it just to our project's database and they should also upload their yDNA test results to Ysearch.org.

R1b-U198 Lineage.  U198 is a small sub-clade of the vast R1b yHaplogroup, and it is uncommon in Scotland.  This lineage consists of two men, both of whom have tested 111 markers and taken "Deep Clade" tests.  This is our oldest two man lineage because their most recent common paternal ancestor lived in the 300s A.D.  [NOTE: There are those who object to the use of "lineage" in regards to these two men but they are cousins, however remote, and therefore do form a lineage.]  While these men do not descend from our Macfarlane chiefs, nor their progenitors the mormaers/earls of Lennox, there is a chance that one or both of these men may have a female line descent from our chiefs.  To ascertain if they do have such a female line descent (at least within the last dozen generations) the men of this lineage should take the autosomal block DNA test ("Family Finder").  [Kit 210781 has just placed such an order.]  Of course to find their closest male line relatives they should set their "Personal" page "User Preferences" to compare their test kit results against the lab's entire database rather than limit it just to our project's database and they should also upload their yDNA test results to Ysearch.org. 

T1 Lineage "Knoxes."  This lineage's deep ancestry (denoted by its yHaplogroup T1, which is an ancient and rare European yHaplogroup) is separated from our Macfarlane chiefs' deep ancestry (denoted by its yHaplogroup R1b1a2) by tens of thousands of years and therefore this lineage does not descend from our chiefs in the direct male line.  That is not to say that one or more of these men may not have a female line descent from our chiefs.  To ascertain if they do have such a female line descent (at least within the last dozen generations) the men of this lineage should take the autosomal block DNA test ("Family Finder") mentioned below.  This lineage consists of four men of this clan Macfarlane Sept surname, one of whom [kit 279168] has only tested 12 markers and needs to upgrade to at least 37 markers to confirm that he belongs in this lineage.  The man [kit 227727] who has tested 37 markers and should consider upgrading to at least 67 markers.  The man [kit 58636] who has already tested 67 markers should consider upgrading to 111 markers.  The man [kit 33644] who has tested 111 markers should consider taking the autosomal block DNA test ("Family Finder") so that we can more accurately define the relationships within this lineage.  When men have tested the maximum number of markers and taken the "Family Finder" they should consult with the admin team as to which, if any, advanced SNP test should be considered as the old "Deep Clade" test is no longer recommended.  Once a man has tested the maximum number of yDNA markers and his autosomal block DNA he might consider contributing to our project's General Fund to help fellow lineage-mates upgrade their markers.  Of course to find their closest male line relatives they should set their "Personal" page "User Preferences" to compare their test kit results against the lab's entire database rather than limit it just to our project's database and they should also upload their yDNA test results to Ysearch.org.   

Beyond the above lineages we have fifty-eight men from yHaplogroup R1b and twenty-four men from seven other yHaplogroups who have yet to have close yDNA matches (no more than 2 differences at 25 markers, 4 differences at 37 markers, 7 differences at 67 markers, or 11 differences at 111 markers) within our project.  That is not to say that one or more of these men may not have a female line descent from our chiefs.  To ascertain if they do have such a female line descent (at least within the last dozen generations) they should take the autosomal block DNA test ("Family Finder").  As our project gains more participants over time their chances of having matches will increase, meanwhile they can help themselves reach this goal by encouraging known paternal cousins to also test their yDNA, testing the maximum number of yDNA markers, setting their "Personal" page "User Preferences" to compare their test kit results against the lab's entire database rather than limit it just to our project's database, and uploading their yDNA test results to Ysearch.org.