U152 and Subclades Research Project focuses on the R-U152/S28/PF6570 haplogroup. U152 has had various ISOGG designations since 2006. 2006-07: R1b1c10. 2008-10: R1b1b2a1a2d. 2011: R1b1a2a1a1b3. 2012: R1b1a2a1a1b2. 2013-15: R1b1a2a1a2b. 2016-17: R1b1a1a2a1a2b. Major U152 subclades include L2/S139, ZZ45>Z36/S206, Z56/PF6571/BY3548, and PF6658/Z193. The main purposes of this advanced research project is the expansion of the U152 and Subclades Phylogeny by the discovery of new SNPs, the study of their point of origins and their probable migration routes. WHO CAN JOIN: Anyone who has been found to be U152 or downstream SNPs by FTDNA or has been tested for Y STR markers by FTDNA and his U152 or downstream SNPs status was confirmed by another testing lab.