The Pettypool DNA Project welcomes all participants. We encourage you to join today! New information has recently been posted to the "News" and "Y-DNA Results" report. Check it out by clicking the tabs on this page. With your help we expect to have many exciting discoveries in the future. Participating is an opportunity to uncover information not provided in the paper records, which will help with your research of your family tree. We will also discover which family trees are related. As the project progresses, the results for the various family trees will provide information on the evolution of the surname. The surnames in this DNA Project are also researched as part of the Pettypool One-Name Study. This significant research and information about the surnames and the associated family trees can be found at: www.one-name.org/profiles/Pettypool.html (copy and paste url into your browser if it does not link by clicking the mouse). The variant Pool and Poole is found in some Pettypool branches, and came about in the 1800s. If you have any suspicion that your ancestor was a Pettypool, we encourage you to join our project. Others with the Pool or Poole surname should join the Poole project. The surname Pettypool arose from a single Medieval family living in Essex, England. The name appears to have "daughtered out" in England by the early 17th century. Apparently, only a single male, William, lived into the mid 17th century, and he immigrated to Virginia, USA in the mid 1650's from London. His son, also William, fathered two sons and from them all the known Pettypools in the world today appear to have sprung. In America from the late 17th century through the late 18th century, most lines of the family continued to be known either by Pettypool or Pettipool (the most common variant). After the Revolutionary War and the opening of the western and southern frontiers in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, many branches of the family that left Virginia for points west and south started to use or at least be identified by an abbreviated form of the name, i.e. P.Pool. One branch of the family adopted the form P'Pool. It is not clear how or why these changes arose. Perhaps the widespread use of abbreviated forms by legal clerks was adopted by the families themselves. Finally, in the mid to latter part of the 19th century, many branches only inconsistently used the P.Pool and P'Pool forms and the name became assimilated in some branches to the more common surname, Pool or Poole. Currently, Pettypool, P.Pool and P'Pool are the most commonly found variants among those who have not gone to Pool or Poole. There may also be a few who use the Pettipool spelling although they would be much rarer. The Y DNA test tells you about your direct male line, which would be your father, his father, and back in time. You must be male to take this test, and you should have one of the surnames shown. If you believe there is a Pettypool or variant in your direct male line, although you have a different surname, you are also welcome to participate. If you are female, please find a male to participate. We encourage males who order a Y DNA test to order 37 markers, if possible. If you order fewer markers, you can upgrade later, though this costs a little more. Both males and females may also be interested in learning about their direct female line, which would be their mother, their mother's mother, and back in time. You would order a mtDNA test. For matches in a genealogical time frame, order the mtDNA Plus test.