MacLellan

Mac-a-ghilledhiolan | Mac Giolla Fhaoláin
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Y-DNA Clusters


R-FGC5585 R-MC04 ⇒ R-MC13

Clan MacLellan: Princes of Strathclyde, Lords of Galloway, Lords of Kirkcudbright

MACCLELLAN. Gael. Mac-a-ghilledhiolan (pron. Mac-il-iolan.) "The son of the bastard."

Mac Dhiolan: An illegitimate son or bastard.

Thomas of Galloway, MacDuallan( bastard son of Alan of Galloway )

Slender 'dh' in Gaelic sounds like 'y' in English.


⇒ R-FGC5585 ⇒ R-Y87403Clann-a Bhreatannich - Clan of the Strathclyde Briton.


R-MC04


⇒ Alt Clut & Strathclyde Kings


⇒ Ewen/Owain Calvus, King of Strathclyde ⇒ Need Big Y for Cavill Y-DNA match


Malcolm mac Owain, King of the Cumbrians ⇒ R-MC15 McCown/McEwen of Armakewne, Barewing/Baryown, Ewinston which became Ballmaclellan. The use of fixed surnames/fiefdoms begins at this time, during the reign of Malcolm Canmore's importing of Normans.

Ulgric or Dovenald 


⇒ MC25 ⇒ Prince Fergus of GallowayGilbride Donnchadh ⇒ Alexander & Cailean/Nicholas Niall ⇒ Need Big Y for Alexander, Nichols & Neal Y-DNA matches .


Uchtred of Galloway had his tongue cut out by his brother Gilbride.


Roland/Lochlainn Lord of Galloway


Alan, Lord of Galloway: The legitimate paternal line daughters out which leads to power vacuum for Balliol, Comyn and Bruce. Alan’s daughter Dervorguilla( heiress of Galloway ) marries John Balliol.


Thomas Macdhiolan ( Bastard Son ) Thomas married a daughter of Rǫgnvaldr, King of Man about a decade prior to the death of his father Alan. Under the old Celtic laws of Galloway he would have been the rightful heir, but Alexander II saw an opportunity to divide Galloway amongst Thomas's three legitimate half sisters and fully incorporate the independent Galloway into his Kingdom of Scotland. We need to investigate McCormick/Mack//Gilmore Y-DNA matches possible ties to lineage of Aulan{Alan?/Dhiolan?}/Ormack/Gilmore 1359 charter of Strongaskill in Glenkens.

 

fl 1273 Cane McGillolane ( Mac-a-ghilledhiolan - The son of the bastard - aka the son of Thomas ) . MacLellans have a Baton sinister, indicating illegitimacy, held by a knight supporter on their Coat of Arms.


⇒ Donald fitz Cane Donaldson Y-DNA Donald Mac Can’s chief place was on Threave Island. Fergus Lord of Galloway dwelt there and was the residence of Alan the last of the old kings of Galloway.


⇒ MC13 Gilbert McGillolane son of Donald, Bishop of Sodor and Man, ⇒ Acannan of Killochie Ballmaclellan ⇒ Cannon** Chief of his kindred (capitaneo de total parentela sua) which were known as Clenconnan***, (RMS i, App. 2, no. 912, A & B). Erne Canny(Ironmaccannie) in 1408 may therefore be ‘the division of Cano (MacGillolane)’.


Patrick M‘Lolane - Patricius de Maklolandus? In 1305, Patrick was recorded capturing Dumfries Castle from 'The Bruce'. MacLellans, being direct paternal line descendants of Alan of Galloway, supported John Balliol claims to the Scottish throne over Robert the Bruce because John Balliol’s mother was Alan’s daughter, Dervorguilla of Galloway.  After Balliol’s overthrow at the hands of Edward I, MacLellans still opposed Bruce, helping to re-capture Dumfries Castle following the murder of the rival claimant Sir John Comyn. It's also entirely possible that like their grandfather Thomas, the M'Lolanes believed themselves to be the rightful heirs of Scotland and we're acting in their own self interests.


⇒ Ingram M'Gillelane, Lord of Dalcarne, was a proprietor in Forfarshire in 1373 ⇒ 1415 John M'Gillelane grants Dalcarne to his good friend Fergus Kennedy, Lord of Bonumyne to be held by the Lord Earl of Carrick in perpetuity. ⇒ 1466 Dungall inherits Balmaclellan from his father John M'Lelane.


Mathew MacLolane -1371 Sheriff of Galloway John MacLellan ⇒ Lords of Bombie.


Patrick MacLellan, Sheriff of Galloway was kidnapped and murdered by the Black Douglas, The MacLellan's kin and clansmen, the McEwens, attacked Douglas.  The late Sir Andrew Agnew, in his history of The Agnews in Galloway, states that McEwens surprise flanked the Black Douglas, with whom the besieged Agnews had a feud regarding the Sheriffdom of Galloway.


⇒ Mac Gille Adhagain ⇒ Hagen/M'Lagan is a branch of the M'Cleland. McLagan has same CoA, Slogan/Motto(Superba Frango) and alternate crest(a mortar piece) as Clan MacLellan: Or, two cheverons sable within a bordure of the last. Shield has Black border indicating 6th son of a chieftain. Hagen needs haplogroup testing. This branch of MacLellan is likely responsible for giving James II the Mons Meg cannon, hence the mortar piece crest. Some McLarens also have the same Coa/Crest/Motto.


**Coat of Arms History: The Lords of Galloway coat of arms had a white(argent) lion rampant on a blue(azure) field. It's entirely possible this CoA was based on lore surrounding Ywain/Owain, a knight of the round table, or that Strathclyde's Owain was the inspiration for the Arthurian tale. McGillolanes appear to have lost all rights to this CoA as an illegitimate line. Cannons have a two-handed sword, in bend sinister on their CoA. It's possible that the claymore in bend sinister represents a bastard lineage. A CoA with three red(gules) chevronels on yellow(or) of de Caen/de Clare may have been falsely attributed to "Caen"/Canne McGillolane by other historians. This has caused confusion by possibly connecting Cane McGillone to a shared heraldic chevronel ancestry with the former lairds of Gelston, the de Gevelstons. John de Gevelston had three black(sable) chevronels on a white shield. In 1319 one chevronel was removed from de Gevelston CoA. Gevelstons eventually forfeit the lands of Gelston to Boyd. Gelston then passes into the hands of Buttergask, then to McDowells, then to MacLellans. After obtaining Gelston, MacLellans use the two black chevronels on white of the original Gelston fief. Eventually MacLellans switch to black chevronels on yellow. Then in the Ulster Plantations, some MacLellans use red chevronels on yellow. McGillolanes probably didn't use the Galloway lion of Fergus because 1) their line was illegitimate. Illegitimate lines frequently took up new CoA rather than carry a "mark" on the former. 2) The lion was passed to Balliol through the heiress of Dervorguilla and 3) it was also adopted by Morvilles, by way of Alan's mother and by Gelston's prior laird the McDowells, who were the historic captains of the Galloway army. The McDowells might descend from the MacDougals, Lords of Argyll who descend from Somerled whose father-in-law Óláfr Guðrøðarson married Fergus's daughter Affraic to solidify alliances. The crown on the neck of McDowell's lion, may symbolize royalty by way of marriage. Dunbar's also have the Galloway lion on their CoA through Uthred's wife Gunhilde de Dunbar.

***Clenconnan has been the subject of much debate when it comes to deciphering MacLellan origins. Academics usually conclude that it translates to "Clan Conan" but fail to explain who Conan is, much less, where MacLellans came from and how they obtained their lands and power. If in fact, this was a Clan of Conan/Cune-an, it may have been a remnant clan of Cuneglasus( King Arthur? ), famed for his chariot of the bear. A Cynan/Conan has been connected to Loch Ryan(Arthur's Harbour) and the Wood of Celyddon. Cawn/Cannus was the first King of Strathclyde and it's entirely possible this was a clan named after the founder of the Kingdom. It's also easy to imagine that Trevercarcou in Balmaclellan is derived from "Trever{Settlement of} Car{Chariot} Cou{Cu/Con/Cawn/Cynan/Conan} ".

        The Britons their noble kingdom,

        Shall for a long time lose through weakness,
        Until from Armorica Conan shall come in his car,

        And Cadwaladyr, the honoured leader of the Cymry.

Clenconnan might however be Clancowan based on descent from Owain Calvus where Cowan comes from MacOwan( son of Owain ). There might have been a transcription error of 'nn' with 'w', which would be an easy mistake. More likely though, it comes from Glen Ceannan where Ceann translates to "head" or "leader" and tends to imply King and often gets angelised into "Ken". For example, the Water of Ken, Lock Ken, The Glenkens (glen of the kings) or Kenmure Castle where the Lords of Galloway lived. It would make a great deal of sense if Gilbert was Captain of Glenceannan. The -an suffix in Manx is a pluralization, so Glenceannan easily translates to become The Glenkens. Balmaclellan is in the Glenkens. The same etymology can be conjured up for Acannon( descendant of the kings ) and Ironmaccanie( land of the kings ), but it's hard to say for sure since Gilbert was a cannon(bishop) and his grandfather was named Cane.



Map Photo by Allan Milliken






R-FGC3236

MacLellans of Kintyre, Possibly keepers of St. Fillan's Relic the Crozier/Coigerach

Mac Gilla Fáeláin - Son of the servant of St. Fillan.


R-FGC3236


Mehin ⇒ McMahon & McMeekan Y-DNA matches ⇒ Makmaykanis?


⇒ Gilbride mac Mehin, Achostduf( Goustuf/Gustav/God's Staff )⇒ possible reference to St. Fillan's Crozier ⇒ Muntercasduf (People of God's Staff)?


Gilla Fáeláin mac Goustuf & mac GilbrideDean of Kintyre  ⇒ MacLellan - Needs Big Y.


R-FGC3251 ⇒ McClure ( Macleora Dewer of St. Fillan Relics )

R-BY39757  ⇒ McCracken ( Son of the Ciogerach )



Various clans within Carrick brought themselves under the captaincy of the Kennedies of Dunure at different times in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries: the Muntercasduf, the Makmaykanis, the Werichsach and possibly the Kynchaldiis. -THE LAWS OF GALLOWAY A Preliminary Survey Hector  MacQueenSeveral of the surnames in this cluster served under the The Kennedy Earls of Cassilis. including McCracken, McFaddan, McClure and share Coat of Arms similarities with one another.  They rebelled against the monarchy of Scotland in 1526.


Compare Achostduf title of Gilbride to Accoultan title for Gille na Naem.  Gaelic word cuaill cuaille a weapon of bludgeon sort a rung a thick stick with this other known bachulls and the with which St Cuthbert drove the devil his bath Now the Earls of Atholl had same rights for their district as the Abbots Glen Dochart possessed in their territory is made clear by the law called Claremathane of William the Lyon If the Dewars office on the strength of St Fillan's staff they undoubtedly did were they not sons Cuaille... - The Celtic Monthly: A Magazine for Highlanders, Volume 9




R-Y77631


These McLellans, match Clan MacMillan, whose origins are in Renfrewshire and Argyll.


There appears to be a 1563 coat of arms overlap with Makcleland of yt ilk: Argent a lion passant between two bars and in chief three mullets Gules and Clan MacMillan. Note there has been much confusion regarding Clan MacMillan's ancestor Cane Mac Dubgall ( R-Y77631) and Clan MacLellan's ancestor Cane McGillolane( seen in R-MC13 ) who are not the same person. Note the Canne coat of arms seen in the same document with three red chevronels on yellow likely belongs to de Caen which became de Clare.




R-BY64943

MacLellans of Outer Hebrides
Mac Gille Fhialain

There are concentrations of MacLellans found in the Western Isles on Uist.  The Uist MacLellans were once known collectively as Na Faolanaich. The North Uist MacLellans are also known as Clann Iain Mhóir, after Iain Mór (John Mor MacLellan), a seventeenth-century ancestor. It is possible that this family descends from South Uist MacLellans who migrated to North Uist.

These MacLellans split with McNabs, Dewer and McClure( Macleora  Dewer of St. Fillan Relics )McNabs claim descent from one of the lay abbots of Strathfillan.  I'm not certain which haplogroup is the chieftain line of McNab.  Uist is quite a ways from Strathfillan so this line may or may not be related.  Whatever the case, there is little doubt that this is a hereditary line of dewers in the cult of St. Fillan




R-Z17615

Picts in the Hebrides


This lineage splits from MacKinnon, McPhearson, MacQuarrie and Findlay. Skene/MacFirbis has the MacKinnon genealogy as
Niall, son of Colum, son of Gillabrigde, son of Eogan, son of Gillabrigde, son of Saineagain, son of Finlaeie( first MacKinnon ), son of Finguine(Kinnon), son of Cormac( also the father of Guaire(MacQuarrie), son of Airbertaig, son of Muircheach, son of Fearchair oig... after this MacFirbis isn't consistent but in MacQuarrie version has...  mhic Beathaidh.  


McPhearson comes from Fingal( although I suspect from Fearchair Oig above ), Findlay comes from Finaelie, and McKinnion from Finguine.  All of those names are variations of fair foreigner.  These MacLellans of South Uist split from this lineage  just prior to 
Finlaeie Mac Finguine(Kinnon).  These MacLellans "might" descend from MacBeth.




R-FGC73657

Mac Gilfalyn


These MacLellans appear to have surname matches affiliated with Lothian and surrounding areas.  It's possible this line may have connections to Gilfalyn of Oxton.



R-FGC33333

Mac Giolla Fhaoláin - Potentially keepers of St. Fillan's Bell the Bernane.


This McLellan matches the surname Bell.




R-A725

McClellans of Uí Fiachrach


These McClellans seem to split from O'Coyne surname which also belongs to Uí Fiachrach.  A Big Y-700 would help clarify this relationship.  The Irish genealogies of Niall ( or in this case, Niall's brother Fiachrae ) can be hard to follow but here's a few clues for anyone interested in tracking it down.


The estate of Mac Giolla Fhaolain, i. e. the townland of Magh Roisen


The chief seats of Ceara are Feart Lothair, Loch m-Buadhaigh, and Aonach
The Clann Cuain(Coyne) are the next to the men of Ceara in point of genealogical relationship, for they are both of the race of Earc Culbuidhe, the son of Fiachra. O'Cuinn, O'Maoilfhiona, and Mag Fhlannagain were the three chiefs of Clann Cuain. They are otherwise called Fir Thire, and also Fir Siuire, from a river of the name Siuir, which flows by the town, at this day called Caislen an Bharraigh. Cuan (son of Eochaidh, son of Flann, son of Fearadhach, son of Ros Doimtheach, son of Maine Muinbreac, son of Earc Culbhuidhe, son of Fiachra) is the ancestor of the Clann Cuain with their correlatives, as the rann says: Cuan Mor, son of the generous Eochaidh, From him are the Clann Cuain of smooth mounds, And the Fir Thire of tribes, A people without fault in faith. The cause of the separation of the Clann Cuain and the Fir Thire from the Clann Fiachrach, was this: Ruaidhri Mear, the son of Taithleach, son of Niall O'Dubhda, a king who had possession of the country extending from the Rodhba to the Codhnach, went on a regal visitation to the house of Domhnall O'Cuinn, chief of Clann Cuain; and it happened that O'Cuinn had at that time a beautiful marriageable daughter, and O'Dubhda did not content himself without getting her by force that night, so that O'Cuinn slew him treacherously on the next day, and went himself under the protection of the Clann Maoilruanaidh, viz., of Tomaltach Mor Mac Dermot, and they [the Clann Cuain] gave themselves and their patrimonial inheritance up to them, which continues so from that to the present day. These are called Fir Thire upper, and Fir Siuire abhus (citra) from the river, as we have said before.



R-S4056
Clan Cleland - Non Sibi


https://archive.org/details/ancientfamilyofc00clel/page/n5


https://www.clan-cleland.org/





R-BY3198
Gulliland


These Gillilands appear to share distant ancestry with Clan Boyle who came to Millom, Cumberland from Beauville near Caen, in France during the Norman Conquest of 1066. After Cumberland, Boyles were keepers of several castles in Galloway Scotland. Clan Boyle ultimately became the Earls of Glasgow. It's possible that Gillilands get their name from Gaillon in Normandy and then settled near Kilbirnie in the vicinity of Y-DNA matches of Clan Boyle, Clan Lockhart and Boyds. There is likely a placename connection of "Kilbirnie" near where some Guillilands are from and "Kelburn" Castle where Boyles are from. The placename, Guliland can be found on this old map, just south of Kelburn Castle, very near "Gyles" Bay and Symington where Lockharts/Simms Y-DNA matches are from.




R-S7049


Gilliland of Cenel Eoghan - Ua Giollain

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