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Mat(t)hews/Mat(t)his

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 12/26/2017 NOTE: The information below will be updated soon (I said that 2 years ago, but am actually now working on it over the next several days).

Of the first 87 tests completed, 42 showed a close DNA connection to another member. These 42 were split among 10 groups. The remaining tests had yet to show a close relationship to another participant. Many relationships exist despite the exact spelling or form of the surname - Matthews and Mathis (or variants)do show as related within some of the groups. Where provided by the member, the Y-Results chart indicates the oldest known ancestor for each result as an aid to discovering connections between participants as indicated by DNA results.

Even more interesting is that the results reveal that the Matthews/Mathis (and variant) surname is found in use across several different geographical Haplogroups:

E - one of the two branches of the mega-haplogroup DE. It originated approximately 50,000 years ago. Scientists believe that it ether arose in Africa or represents a back migration. It has been linked to the Neolithic expansion of peoples into Southern Europe. Over sixty subclades of E have been discovered.

E3a - An Africa lineage. It is currently hypothesized that this haplogroup dispersed south from northern Africa within the last 3,000 years, by the Bantu agricultural expansion. E3a is also the most common lineage among African Americans.

I - Dates to 23,000 years ago or longer. Lineages not in branches I1a, I1b or I1c are found distributed at low frequency throughout Europe.

I1a - The I1a lineage likely has its roots in northern France. Today it is found most frequently within Viking / Scandinavian populations in northwest Europe and has since spread down into Central and Eastern Europe, where it is found at low frequencies.

J2 - J is a branch of the mega-haplogroup F and its subsequent mega-haplogroup IJ. J originated approximately 25,000 years ago in the Eastern Africa Levant. It has two main branches, J1 and J2. Both are found in Eastern African populations. It has also spread into Europe and the Indian subcontinent during the Bronze Age. J1 is the parent haplogroup of the Cohen Model Haplotype, CMH.

K2 - The K lineage is an old lineage presently found only at low frequencies in Africa, Asia, and in the Middle East. This specific line is found at low frequency in southern Europe, Northern Africa, and the Middle East.

L - Found primarily in India and Sri Lanka, and has also spread into several Middle Eastern populations (Turks, Saudis, and Pakistanis).

R1a - This lineage is believed to have originated in the Eurasian Steppes north of the Black & Caspian Seas. This lineage is thought to descend from a population of the Kurgan culture, known for the domestication of the horse (circa 3000 B.C.E.). These people were also believed to be the first speakers of the Indo-European language group. This lineage is found in central & western Asia, India, and in Slavic populations of Europe.

R1b (incl R1b1, R1b1a, R1b1c) - The most common haplogroups in European populations. It is believed to have expanded throughout Europe as humans re-colonized after the last glacial maximum 10-12 thousand years ago. This lineage is also the haplogroup containing the Atlantic modal haplotype.