LANE/LAYNE/LAIN(E) Y-Chromosome DNA Project

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                                                Results  (Some observations)

Our results show 3 main Y-DNA Lane groups:  R1a, R1b, and I, which in a sense
confirms our origins as what the surname Lane had always been defined as: English/European origin.
All variations of the surname seem to have simplified into the spelling LANE.
There is no significant explanation for the other spellings: Lain, Laine, Layne, Layn, etc.
Deeds have been found where the name had variations within the same document.
For instance "James Laine sells 100 acres to ...." ... "attested to by James Lane".
Also tax lists in Virginia show "James Lain" in one year, "James Layne" the next,
and "James Lane" afterwards, with no explanation for the variation.  Probably by the
late 1800s is when most families had simplified to "Lane".

The quote from Floyd Benjamin Layne's famous book "Layne-Lain-Lane Genealogy" states
in the Preface:
"It was found impossible to follow family groups by staying with
a single spelling i.e. Layne, Lain, or Lane.  Many were illiterate in
early times and there were estrangements within families, some
not wishing to claim kinship with other members of their family.
Some documents examined used more than one way of spelling for
the same individual and some used only a (X) for their signature."

Chart on Age and Diversity of Lane Haplogroups

| IJ Starts Grp 4, 3500
Grp 6, 255 Grp 15, 1
| 19.5k yrs ago
     ^ |
Grp 18, 2
Grp 10, 13
Grp 12, 45
Grp 20, 73
Grp 14, 90
Grp 5, 101
Grp 13, 170

Grp 11, 365
Mutations |
Grp 3, 1200
Diversity |
Grp 17, 1400
Grp 8, 1600

Geographical | Grp 16, 2000
Expansion | Grp 9, 3200
| Grp 19, 10000
| Grp 2, 10000
|R1b Starts
|R1a Starts Grp 1&7, 40
|25k yrs ago 4k yrs ago 3k yrs ago 2.6k yrs ago 2300 yrs ago 2000 yrs ago
Time -->

This chart shows that Group 2 Lanes have roughly 10,000 12/12 DNA matches which we might take to
believe this group is one of the oldest, and/or most expansive groups. Group 19 is there with them.
The DYS numbers show they belong to "Western Atlantic Modal Haplotype", the largest group of males in Atlantic Europe.
This group was originally named "Atlantic Modal Haplotype" when it was a 6 allele test, it was
expanded by FTDNA to 12 alleles and named "Western Atlantic Modal Haplotype".
FTDNA estimates their SNP as R-M269, but a SNP test for them needs to be done.
Group 9 Lanes have 3200 12/12 matches so they are a younger group, and a bit older is Group 4
in the I haplogroup.
The youngest groups: 15, 18, 10, 12, 1 & 7 have very few 12/12 matches and should be the most
recent Lanes to arise, or the most recent mutation to their group.
However, groups 1 and 7 (R1a) may show a lack of the haplogroup in America. It appears that
R1a is prevalent in high percentages in Pakistan, India, Russia, and Germany. Since FTDNA
is an American company, groups 1 and 7 could show an older result if more people from those
countries participate.