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LANE/LAYNE/LAIN(E) Y-Chromosome DNA Project

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Historical Timeline

*information sourced mostly from online encyclopedias/articles including wikipedia

Before 26,500 years ago - Haplogroup R shows up in Asia

26,500 years ago - Last Glacial Ice Period begins

25,000 years ago - Haplogroup R-1a shows up (Lane group 1 & 7), probably in central Asia or Siberia

  • Haplogroup R-1b possibly shows up speculated in Anatolia (Turkey & Iraq) (Lane group 2)

23,000 years ago - People cross Bering Strait into Alaska from East Asia/Siberia - Q

  • It was the first of 3 migrations.

19,500 years ago - Last Glacial Ice Period ending

  • Haplogroup IJ shows up

17,200 years ago (15,200 BC) - Neolithic period begins in Europe (Farming)
        - Proto-Indo European Language in the Steppes/Kurgans/Aryans

15,000 years ago - Haplogroup Q leaves Siberia and enters North America

14,400 years ago - R-M459 SNP if R-1a is estimated to begin

9,000 years ago - Haplogroup R-M269 shows up (Lane groups 2, 8-thru-14, 16-thru-20)

8,500 years ago - Glacial melt and rising water separates Britain from Europe, humans present were affected.

A hypothetical island called Viking-Bergen begins disappearing

8,200 years ago - Doggerland, the island between Britain and Europe begins disappearing

6,500 years ago - R1b-P311 (Atlantic Modal Haplotype) - shows up in France/Germany

5,070 years ago - Haplogroup I-M254 shows up (Lane groups 4, 6, 15)

  • - After 3300 BC - RZ225 shows up (Lane group 5)

2900 BC - Corded Ware Culture begins - as Yamna people migrate from Eurasiatic Steppes into Europe

2500 BC - The native Celtic people in England who created Stonehenge die out and are replaced by

the Beaker People who possibly come from central Europe

700 BC - Italic and Latin (Indo-European Language) found in Europe

600 BC - Celtic (Indo-European Language) found in Europe

55 BC - Julius Caesar invades Britain (with a force of 800 ships, successful, but immediately left with his entire force).

0- Birth of Jesus

0 - R-M222 shows up somewhere in W Europe, not modal to Ireland, but currently 12% of population (Lane group 3)

43 AD - Romans Invade Britain (again)

122 - Hadrian’s Wall built in Scotland

200  - Germanic (Indo-European Language) found in Europe

379  - Beginning of “Niall of the Nine Hostages” Kingship - and the Ui Neil (O'Neil) clan (generally R-M222)

410  - End of Roman Britain

432  - Arrival of St. Patrick in Ireland

600  - Dal Riata Kingdom in Northern Ireland and Western Scotland, R-M222 SNP estimated

793 - Beginning of the Viking Age

800 - Viking Invasion of Northern France Creating Normandy

865 - The Great (Viking) Army from Scandinavia invade England on the East. They spend years

campaigning through East Anglia, Mercia, Northumbria, and Wessex, and are followed by

massive waves of settlers.

1046 - Hugh L'Asne (Lane) active in Normandy

1066 - Norman Invasion and Conquering of England, William installs himself as King

1169 - Norman Invasion of Ireland

1095 - Hugh L'Asne listed as tenant of the city of Gloucester England

1215 - Magna Carta signed

1316 - Adam de La Lone located in Wolverhampton Staffordshire reported as being Norman (de la Lane as location)

1400 - Tax lists in Buckinghamshire show “John atte Lane” and “Wm atte Lane” signifying their location (atte is similar to 'de la')

1400 - By 1400 most English and some Scottish have adopted surnames, Irish possibly earlier

1492 - Columbus “discovers” America

1529 - Henry VIII severs ties with Rome and declares himself head of the English Church

1534 - A Thomas Lane is Recorder in Gloucestershire England

1541 - Sir Ralph Lane, husband of Maud Parr dies in Northamptonshire

1558 - Robert Lane, son of Ralph Lane and Maud Parr is JP for Buckinghamshire

1556 - Ralph Lane Jr., son of Ralph Lane and Maud Parr is member of Parliament for Higham Ferrers in London

1564 - Visitations of England documents the Northamptonshire Lanes

1585 - Roanoke Colony established by Ralph Lane Jr. off North Carolina

1589 - Roger Lane marries Beatrix in Hereford

1607 - Jamestown Fort built in Virginia

1613 - Thomas Lane arrives in Surry County Virginia on “The Treasurer”

1620 - Mayflower sails to Massachusetts

1620 - John Lane of Rickmansworth England is born

1622 - The Massacre of colonists in VA by Indians.  Thomas Lane of Elizabeth City, Virginia survives.

1634 - Visitations of England documents Buckinghamshire Lanes

1635 - William Lane emigrates from England (probably Norfolk) to Dorset Massachusetts

1639 - John Lane documented in Milford Connecticut

1642 - Taxes for Plantations of Ireland collected from Lanes and others in Buckinghamshire

1648 - Thomas Lane transported from England to Northumberland Virginia

1650 - Plantations (Invasion) of Northern Ireland by England under Cromwell

- thousands of Protestants are settled. In Ulster, Irish land ownership eliminated

1651 - Edward Leene(Lane) takes oath of Allegiance to England in Northampton Co. VA.

1651 - Jane Lane, Lady Fisher of Staffordshire helps King Charles II escape death sentence

1662 - Act of Uniformity Law passed in England outlawing other religions, Virginia complies also

1663 - Maj. Samuel Lane transported to Maryland, Edward Lane's family also flees VA to Maryland

1663 - Matthys Laenen Van Pelt leaves Amsterdam bound for New York

1676 - Sir George Lane created as Viscount of Lanesborough in Roscommon Ireland

1682 - Maj. Samuel Lane dies (probably killed by Seneca Indians) his will mentions nephew Thomas Lane in Ireland.

1695 - Sir Thomas Lane serves as Mayor of London

1704 - A Thomas Lane is taxed in New Kent County VA on Quit Rent Rolls

1707 - Dutton Lane of Maryland granted Land in Craven Co. NC

1718 - The first major migration of Ulster "Scots-Irish" to Boston & New Hampshire, but referred to as Irish.

1719 - Joseph Lane granted 640a in Chowan Precinct NC

1726 - Walter Lane documented in Craven Co. NC.

1779 - Tidence Lane establishes the first Baptist Church in TN, William Bean already there, John Fuller Lane shows up

1840s - Irish potato famine, many Roman Catholic Irish immigrate, 1700s Irish settlers now referred to as Scotch-Irish

While a surname itself may give us incomplete or misleading or, at best, only general information about the origin of a family, DNA-testing can give us concrete evidence for identifying and separating family lines. Y-chromosome DNA testing is especially helpful because the male Y-chromosome is handed down, father to son, unchanged through the generations, except for rare mutations which, in themselves, can be helpful indicators of branching. The accessibility and affordability of family DNA testing is doubtless the greatest technical advance in the history of genealogical research because -- at long, long last -- we have a tool to break down those brick walls!