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"The issue of Indian genetic patterns particularly interested me, as I had spent much of the previous few years sampling and genotyping Y-chromosome markers from populations in the rest of Eurasia. This work showed that Central Asia had played a key role in the populating of the world." - Dr. Spencer Wells in his book, "Deep Ancestry" - Chapter 5 Virumandi's Story, pg 116 Dr. Wells is National Geographic's Society Explorer-in-Residence and Director of the Genographic Project. Family Tree DNA is partnered with the Genographic Project as the facility that provides the DNA testing and processing for the public portion of the Genographic Project. Those with Indian heritage are welcome to join the India DNA Project in one of three ways: 1. If you have not already tested through Family Tree DNA (FTDNA), you may order a kit at a discounted rate by clicking here. 2. If you have already tested through Family Tree DNA, you can join by clicking the blue "Join" button on your personal FTDNA page. When the project listing appears, click the link for "India" under "Dual Geographical Projects", and then click "Join". 3. If you have tested through the National Geographic Genographic Project, you can join the India DNA Project by clicking the link on your Genographic page "Learn more" and following the steps to upload your results into Family Tree DNA's database. Then follow step number 2 above. ADDITIONAL RESOURCES and SCIENTIFIC STUDIES (In English)Y-chromosome DNAPolarity and Temporality of High-Resolution Y-Chromosome Distributions in India Identify Both Indigenous and Exogenous Expansions and Reveal Minor Genetic Influence of Central Asian Pastoralists by S. Sengupta, et al. Excerpt:"The ages of accumulated microsatellite variation in the majority of Indian haplogroups exceed 10,000–15,000 years, which attests to the antiquity of regional differentiation. Therefore, our data do not support models that invoke a pronounced recent genetic input from Central Asia to explain the observed genetic variation in South Asia. R1a1 and R2 haplogroups indicate demographic complexity that is inconsistent with a recent single history" [pg 1] 2005A novel subgroup Q5 of human Y-chromosomal haplogroup Q in India by S. Sharma, et al. Excerpt: "Recently, a novel subgroup Q4 has been identified which is defined by bi-allelic marker M346, representing HG Q (0.41%, 3/728) in Indian population. Other population groups from the region bearing this haplogroup include, Kyrgyz (2%), Kazak (6%), Kallar (1%), Shiraz (8%), Bartangi (13%), Korean (2%), Yagnobi (3%), Esfahan (6%), Turkmen (10%), Dungan (8%), Tuvinian (17%), Uzbek/Kashkadarya (5%), Shugnan (11%), Uzbek/Bukhara (2%), Uzbek/Surkhandarya (4%), Yadhava (3%), Kazan Tatar (3%), Tajik/Samarkand (5%), Uighur (5%), Uzbek/Khorezm (9%), Uzbek/Tashkent (14%), Arab/Bukhara (14%), Uzbek/Fergana Valley (5%) and Uzbek/Samarkand 7%)" [Pg 4] 2007Mitochondrial DNAPhylogeny of Mitochondrial DNA Macrohaplogroup N in India by M. Palanichamy, et al. Scientific study with data on N1d and N5; summary excerpt: "To resolve the phylogeny of the autochthonous mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroups of India and determine the relationship between the Indian and western Eurasian mtDNA pools more precisely, a diverse subset of 75 macrohaplogroup N lineages was chosen for complete sequencing from a collection of >800 control-region sequences sampled across India." [pg 1] Maternal Footprints of Southeast Asians in North India by K. Thangaraj, et al. ABSTRACT:"We have analyzed 7,137 samples from 125 different caste, tribal and religious groups of India and 99 samples from three populations of Nepal for the length variation in the COII/tRNA(Lys) region of mtDNA. Samples showing length variation were subjected to detailed phylogenetic analysis based on HVS-I and informative coding region sequence variation. The overall frequencies of the 9-bp deletion and insertion variants in South Asia were 1.9 and 0.6%, respectively. We have also defined a novel deep-rooting haplogroup M43 and identified the rare haplogroup H14 in Indian populations carrying the 9-bp deletion by complete mtDNA sequencing. Moreover, we redefined haplogroup M6 and dissected it into two well-defined subclades. The presence of haplogroups F1 and B5a in Uttar Pradesh suggests minor maternal contribution from Southeast Asia to Northern India. The occurrence of haplogroup F1 in the Nepalese sample implies that Nepal might have served as a bridge for the flow of eastern lineages to India. The presence of R6 in the Nepalese, on the other hand, suggests that the gene flow between India and Nepal has been reciprocal. 2008 Member: The India DNA Project is an independent heritage research project and receives no grant underwriting. Participants are responsible for the costs of their own tests. Donations to the General Fund to sponser tests are welcome and may be made by clicking the link on the upper left side. Information and data obtained from the India DNA Project must be attributed to the project, administrator, and Family Tree DNA as outlined in the Creative Commons License. Please notify administrator when using data for public or private research.Creative Commons License
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