Just came across something that is anecdotal but interesting. The oldest ancient skeleton I match is a Roman soldier from Munich dated to 300 AD. My ancestry traces to a town named Mudau in Germany which still has remains from the Upper Germanic-Rhaetian Limes. Apparently this was an area where goods would be transported up the Neckar river and then taken over land to Main river as a shortcut. Now the coincidental part, this is the flag of Scheidental which is part of this German town, a Roman soldier!
Do you think the Scots-Irish ('Mc-') and Germans living along the Appalachian Mountains of eastern Tennessee fought each other?
The early Anglo-Saxon, surnames of 'Wolf', 'Bear', and 'Elk' have Germanic origins, where the American surname Moose has First Nation, Canadian origins, and utilized by the Moose Cree first nation of Moosonee, Ontario, Canada.
Ray Young Bear
"Born in 1950, Ray Young Bear was raised on the Meskwaki (Red Earth People) Settlement in central Iowa. He graduated high school in 1969,...."
His father Leonard, said they spoke a form of Cree. Since language travels with DNA, one my want to test the DNA of the Meskwaki, Y-DNA, and compare to Y-DNA, of First Nation Moose Cree, of Moosonee, ON, Canada, and see if it had traveled with language. A consentration of the surname Bear is found in Norfolk, England. Young is also used as a surname, by people living both sides of the Scottish-Englsh border.
The Elwald (elk of the woods) and Rücker surname, most likely originated, where the 'elk of the forest' are located east of Berlin, Germany, and the region the 'elk (moose)' are returning to from Poland today.
The Elwald of Danish Northumbria (England/Scotland), were referenced as 'elwand', a 16th century biblical, length, varied from kingdom to kingdom, as in rod/wand form, a standard of measurement as today's yard/metre are.
Rücker; means regulator; which indicates measurement needs to be utilized.
William J. Maloney, you Y-DNA may not of traveled, if you are truly a German Maloney, then this model would likely fit.
William Maloney, R-S28 is another name for R-U152. Notice that according to this map, R-S28 is more common in northern Italy and Switzerland today than Germany. Also notice that R-S28 is rare but not unknown in Sweden. This map comes from the following site where R-S28/R-U152 is referred to as the "Italo-Celtic" branch of R1b:
I cannot, however, vouch personally for the accuracy of this map or the claims of the Eupedia author.