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Thracian/Bessi I-Y13338

Genetic Genealogy of Thracian-Bessi Tribe
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About us

"Bessi" was a general name of all Thracian tribes around Rhodope Mountains during Roman Empire. Romans have used the name "Bessi" to describe all groups of Thracians around Rhodopes such as "Dii,Satrae,Maedi..etc." Herodotus described them as a sort of priestly-caste among the Satrae, the Bessi being interpreters of the prophetic utterances given by a priestess in an oracular shrine of Dionysus located on a mountain-top (Perperikon in Eastern Rhodopes). Thracians are anthropologically Dinaric and Dinaro-Nordic people. And these people were distinguished by their cremation techniques which is related to Unetice and Urnfield Cultures of Central Europe. Thracian migration to Rhodope Mountains started around 1200 BC. Alternatively these people were called as "Mountain Tribes" by other tribes(Greeks, Bulgars, Turks etc..)

Thracian History Blog: https://traklarvetarihleri.blogspot.com/

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Erhan Inal(Admin)/Genealogy Page: https://erhaninal.blogspot.com


Y-DNA Haplogroup for male-lineage:

In human genetics, a human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup is a haplogroup defined by mutations in the non-recombining portions of DNA from the male-specific Y chromosome (called Y-DNA).  Many people within a haplogroup share similar numbers of short tandem repeats (STRs) and types of mutations called single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). The human Y-chromosome accumulates roughly two mutations per generation. Y-DNA haplogroups represent major branches of the Y-chromosome phylogenetic tree that share hundreds or even thousands of mutations unique to each haplogroup. TMRCA ESTIMATIONS OF ALL Y-DNA HAPLOGROUPS: https://www.yfull.com/tree/


mt-DNA Haplogroup for female-lineage:
In human genetics, a human mitochondrial DNA haplogroup is a haplogroup defined by differences in human mitochondrial DNA. Haplogroups are used to represent the major branch points on the mitochondrial phylogenetic tree. Understanding the evolutionary path of the female lineage has helped population geneticists trace the matrilineal inheritance of modern humans back to human origins in Africa and the subsequent spread around the globe. TMRCA ESTIMATIONS OF ALL mt-DNA HAPLOGROUPS: https://www.yfull.com/mtree/


Autosomal DNA Test for Ethnicity Estimate:

There are several autosomal DNA calculators that show Ethnicity Estimations of individuals. In fact, these estimations tell the possibility of your ethnicity. If it says that "You are %50 XX", it means that the possibility of being from XX ethnicity or XX region is %50. It does not mean that %50 of your DNA come from XX. Calculators show your ethnicity estimations based on your autosomal DNA matches with samples in reference groups that calculator's algorithm uses. Each reference group include genetically distinct individuals. That is why, estimations can not be used to calculate genetic affinity of people. And, calculators use Thresholds or limits such as 3 centiMorgans or 5 centiMorgans when finding autosomal dna matches. Therefore, calculations are valid for only recent ancestry. Individuals from different ethnic groups living in the same area for the past 500-600 years may have similar results. Check the Autosomal Match Thresholds.