Welcome to the FRAME DNA PROJECT! This project was established at Family Tree DNA in 2006 and is a not-for-profit worldwide Y-DNA Surname project. The Frame DNA Project - Research website is here: https://sites.google.com/site/framednaproject/home While the main focus is Y-DNA testing (direct male line: father’s father’s, father etc.), female Frames are welcome to join to test their Mitochondrial/mtDNA (direct female line: mother’s, mother’s mother etc.) It is not necessary to join a project to do the Family Finder autosomal DNA test (atDNA) which is inherited from all of our ancestors but we still welcome Frame folk to do that test as well. The Project is based on the 'Spear' surnames: ‘Tacitus tells us that the Germans were generally armed with a short spear, adapted either for close or distant fighting, and which was called in their language framea. From this word, apparently allied to the Modern German pfriem, Förstemann derives the following ancient names, which are mostly Frankish.’ [Robert Ferguson, THE TEUTONIC NAME-SYSTEM APPLIED TO THE FAMILY NAMES OF FRANCE, ENGLAND, & GERMANY (1864)] 'FRAM. Spear. SIMPLE FORMS English: FRAME, FREEM. French: FRÉMY, FREMEAUX, FROMMÉ, FORME.' All males with the surname FRAME, FREAME, FREMAULT or a close variant such as FRAIME, FREME, FREMAUX etc., are most welcome to participate in this Project by ordering a Y-DNA test. Simply click the ‘JOIN’ button at the top right of the page. We suggest starting with the Y-DNA67 test; however, if finances don’t allow then start with Y-DNA37, you can always upgrade later. These are Y-STR markers. However, if you can afford it, we encourage you to order the Big Y500, which is the optimum male line test in this Project. Big Y500 tests both STRs and SNPs and provides you with your terminal (most recent) SNP branch. This will save you from later ordering SNPs individually to try to identify your terminal branch and nearest kin in the Project. When you join the Project: *First, you will receive your Y-DNA Haplogroup prediction or designation. Put simply, your individual haplotype is the set of values you will receive back for the number of Y-STR markers that you test. A Haplogroup is a cluster of individuals who have matching haplotypes. Your Y-DNA haplogroup is the major branch on the paternal tree of humankind that you and your patrilineal ancestors descend from. Haplogroups are associated with early human migrations. Today these can be associated with a geographic region or regions. With advanced SNP testing (such as the Big Y500 test) we have identified younger branches in some groups that are in genealogical timeframe. *You will be given log-in access to your personal account on the Family Tree DNA website. Provided you sign the release form included in your Y-DNA testing kit, and consent to participate in matching, both you and the men you match will receive one another’s contact details. This will allow you to explore your genealogies and where you might connect. *Most of all, you will feel a sense of camaraderie with others who share your surname, whether or not your Y-DNA matches theirs. We have an Activity Feed on our Family Tree website for logged-in project members to chat with one another, post questions and share photographs etc. The DNA test kits are simple cheek swabs. Please email one of the Admins if you have any questions. Please read the NEWS page for additional information and tips. Patriarchs with representatives already in the Project are listed on the RESULTS page. ________________________________________________________ DISCLAIMER *This Project does not guarantee that participants will match anyone else in the Project. However, over time and as more men join the Project, matching becomes more likely. *Project administrators are volunteers and receive no payment or incentives from Family Tree DNA (FTDNA). All test fees are payable only and directly to FTDNA. *This Project will not in any way have control of DNA samples, nor will it have the responsibility for their care, handling or return to our project participants. *The Frame DNA Project does not have a duty to act on behalf of a project participant in mediation of any disputes arising between a Project member and Family Tree DNA. *Your privacy is of the utmost importance to us. Anonymised Y-DNA and mtDNA results are only viewable by logged-in members of the Project. See more on NEWS page for tips on settings.Family Finder results are not published but are viewable to the tester and their matches.