Cenel Eoghain Y DNA Project
The O'Neill's or Ua Néill, meaning "descendant son of Niall" not Niall of the Nine Hostages but Niall Glundubh MacAedo. The 10th century High King of Ireland and ruler of the Cenel Eoghain.
The original Gaelic meaning of Neil is unclear, but Champion or Cloud. The Anglo-Scandinavian form of the Gaelic name Niall. It is assumed to have been adopted by the Scandinavians in the form Njal and was introduced into northern England and East Anglia by them, rather than being taken directly from Gaelic.
NIEL: Norman French form of Scandinavian Njal, meaning "champion."
NIELS: Danish form of Nicholas, meaning "victory of the people." Dutch form of Roman Cornelius, meaning "horn."
NIGEL: English form of Latin Nigellus, meaning "champion."
NIGELLUS: Latin form of Norman French Nihel "champion," but sometimes used as a diminutive form of the word Niger "black," thus "little black one."
NIGUL: Estonian form of Nicholas, meaning "victory of the people."
NIHEL: Variant of Norman French Neil, meaning "champion."
NIILO: Finnish form of Nicholas, meaning "victory of the people."
NJÅL: Norwegian form of Old Norse Njáll, meaning "champion."
NJAL: Scandinavian form of Old Norse Njáll, meaning "champion."
NJALL (Njáll): Old Norse form of Irish Niall, meaning "champion."
Among the Cornish British the Surname Nell signifies power & might, ‘the powerful or mighty ‘. Neul or Nial, in the Gaelic, signifies a cloud or hue; figuratively, a dark complexion.
Nealcail: from Gaelic words meaning "victorious people".
Niall: an Old Irish name, prob. derived from Nel "cloud"; or "champion".
Neacal: meaning “victory of the people". Nicholas, Nicol, Niocal.
Devlin's Kindred to the O'Donnelly's hereditary swordbearers to the O'Neill's and part of their calvary.
O' Crean's meaning "descendant of Croidheagan", a personal name from a diminutive of the word "croidhe" meaning "heart".
O'Kane from the word "cath", meaning battle.
Maclaughlin "son of Lochlann", the Norse elements of "loch", a lake or fjord, plus "lann". Possible meaning "Son of the land of the Norse ". The MacLaughlin of Innishowen current Co. Donegal. Where the rulers of the Cenel Eoghain for many years.
Lamonts from the Norse word Ladhman meaning "Lawman" or "Lawyer" . They are said to be the descendants of Dunshleibhe O'Neill like they kindred the MacEwens of Otter and MacLachlins. They have various adoption of surnames including the surnames White, Black, Turner, Brown and Clements. In the 16th century the Clan Campbell slaughter the leading members of the clan Lamont. The Lamonts were also on time called Macerchar, from Fearchar, the grandfather of the first
Ladhman. Although some believe the name to be Norman or French, the family almost certainly originated in Ulster. Logmaor, meaning, in old Norse, 'Lawman' or 'Law Giver', became in Gaelic 'Ladhman', and it is from a son of the great O'Neill princes of Tyrone that the chiefs are said to descend.
Aodh Anrathan,younger son of Aodh Athlaman , king of Aileach, left Ireland to campaign in Scotland, never to return. Legend states Aodh Anrathan marrying an heiress of the Lamonts, Lords of Cowall, from whom they are said to have inherited the lands of Cowal and Knapdale in Argyle, Scotland. The Lebor Eoghanach states that Aodh Athlaman was the "last of his race".
McGrill, McGrail , McGrayle are the descendants of the McNeill of the Western Isles a Gallowglass clan who served under Con " Baccach" O'Neill in the 1470's.