Cenel Eoghain Y DNA Project- Background



This group is NOT exclusive for those only tested positive for L21 or M222 . Anyone with the a surname associated with the Cenel Eoghain has had their SNP tested and has a surname associated with the Cenel Eoghain can join.

In 465 Eoghan, son of Niall of the Nine Hostages, died of grief for Conall Gulban, son of Niall of the Nine Hostages, and was buried at Uisce Chain, in Inis Eoghain; concerning which was said:

Eoghan, son of Niall, died
Of tears,—good his nature,—
In consequence of the death of Conall, of hard feats,
So that his grave is at Uisce Chain.

Eogan father of 11 sons Muiredach, Binech, Fergus, Echen, Oengus,Dallan,Cormac,Illann,Feideilmid, Eochaid, Ailill. from these 11 sons we get the Cenel Eoghain.In the 9th century the Cenél Eóghain were the dominant Northern dynasty. Establishing their power base at Inishowen and their capital at Aileach. With the McLaughlins and the O'Neills being the ruling dynasty.

The Cenél Eóghain produced the Royal Houses of Ulster, the O'Neill's of Tyrone, the O'Neill's of the Fews , the O'Neill's of Clannabuidhe , The powerfull Maclochlainn's of Ulster , Clan Lamont, Clan MacNeil of Barra.

A sept is an English word for a division of a family, especially a division of a clan. The Gaelic word slíocht, meaning seed, indicating the descendants of a person. This was then divided into septs by individual lines who further sub-divide into still more septs, which in turn sometimes led to a new surname, and/or the emergence of the family considered a clan in their own right.
A Progenitor is historical terms, the founder of a particular family. A Cenél an old Irish word usually glossed as ‘race, tribe, nation, or kindred’. It was used to describe a descent group in both early Ireland and Gaelic Scotland.

Succession of Kingship was not hereditary from father to son. The clan Chiefs/Kings were elected or chosen from memebers or derb-fine , meaning true family members. The right of succession was limited by law to male descendants down to the greta grandson of a reigning chief/ king.

(Lax - Marriage customs, concubinage and the custom of fosterage in the Gaelic society was widely praticed opening the door for many possible non paternal events.)

Symeon of Durham a monk of the priory of Durham and chronicler describes Sihtric Cáech (Norse Sigtrygg) (died 927) The Norse King of Dublin. To have killed his brother King Niall in 917 a.d. This would put Niall Glundubh of the House of Ivar and not the son of Son of Aed Finnliath.

Annals of Ulster have recorded in 861 A.D. Mide was invaded by Aed son of Niall with foreigners.

862 A.D. Aed son of Niall went with (?) the kings of the foreigners into Mide, and plundered Mide with Flann son of Conaing.

862 A.D. Aed son of Niall begins to reign.

In 919 The heathens won a battle against the Irish at Duiblinn in which fell Niall Glúndub son of Aed, king of Ireland, in the third year of his reign, on the fourth feria, the eighteenth of the Kalends of October 14 Sept., and here fell also Aed son of Eochucán, king of Conchobor's Province, and Mael Mithig son of Flannacán, king of Brega, and Conchobor grandson of Mael Sechnaill, heir designate or king of Temair, and Flaithbertach son of Domnall, heir designate of the North, and the son of Dub Sínaig, i.e. Mael Craibe, king of Airgialla, and many other nobles.—The battle of Áth Cliath won by the foreigners.

The Anglo -Saxon Chronicles have in

In 914 Neil King slain by Sihtric Cáech his brother.
In 921 Here Sihtric King slew Niel his brother.

(Scholars have placed these events around 917 A.D.)

In 861 and 862 in alliance with the Norse , Aedh Findliath mac Neill plundered Mide. Aedh Findliath was one of the first among the Ui Neill to establish alliances with the Norse in Ireland. These Norse were Amlaid and Imar these two men were involved with Mael Sechlainn and Aedh Finnlaith in the 850's . During this time Amlaid is married to the daughter of Aedh Finnlaith and is described to be the son in law of Aedh Finnlaith. Both these men Amlaid and Imar were of the House of Ivar.
Amlaíb Conung the Norse or Norse-Gael leader in Ireland and Scotland in the years after 850. It's belived he was killed circa 875 or 874 by Causantin also known has Constantine I, son of Cinead MacAilpin " Kenneth MacAlpin" of Scotland.

The Annals of Ulster:

" Amlaíb, son of the king of Lochlann [Laithlinde], came to Ireland, and the foreigners of Ireland submitted to him, and he took tribute from the Irish."

Amlaíb Conung is written in the Annals to be the son in law of Aedh Finnliath MacNeill, who is recorded to have been married to Mael Muire, the daughter of Cinead MacAilpin " Kenneth MacAlpin" ( Died Feb 13,858).

Other records say Amlaíb Conung was also the son in law of Cinead MacAilpin (Kenneth MacAlpin).

Kenneth MacAlpin had 3 daughters one married Rhun Map Artgal of Strathclyde, 2nd daughter Mael Muire married Aedh Finnlaith MacNeill and these are the recorded parents of Njall Glundubh MacAedo by the Irish genealogist. The 3rd daughter married Olaf the White . Some belive that Olaf "the White" Ingjaldsson and Amlaíb Conung where the same persons.

Some accounts have Olaf "the White" Ingjaldsson being married to Aud the Deep-minded, daughter of the ruler of the Hebrides, Ketil Flatnose according to Icelandic traditions . The Irish provide a different genealogy, and his wife was the daughter of king Aedh Finnlaith MacNeill.

There seems to be a connection with Olaf "the White" Ingjaldsson , Amlaíb Conung , Aedh Finnlaith MacNeill and Kenneth MacAlpin. During the period of 850 A.D. in Ireland. It's recorded in the Annals in Ireland that Amlaíb Conung and his brother Imar made alliances with Aedh Finnlaith and Mael Sechlainn of the Southern Ui Neill and also marriage.

There is a account that when Olaf "the White" Ingjaldsson was killed his Irish wife was sent back pregnant to her father who was Aedh Finnlaith MacAedo.