The Yeamans, Yeomans, Youmans, & Yoemans--Y-DNA study is open to all male participants with these surnames or a variant thereof. The objectives of this project are to: 1. Eliminate or confirm the relationship of individuals to their early American: New York, Virginia, or Massachusetts lines, or to add new lines, and to link all of these lines to their European counterparts. 2. Develop an extensive knowledge sharing repository that brings about a deeper understanding of our direct-line ancestors. 3. Develop a database that combines DNA results with traditional genealogy research. 4. Strengthen weak paper trails and avoid pursuing false connections. 5. Find new relationships for those who have reached a dead end in their genealogical paper trail thus focusing research towards related families.