Translated from the dialects of Ukrainian and Polish, word "Tartak" means a sawmill. Accordingly, Tartakovsky is the owner or an employee of a sawmill or a native of the village with the name Tartak or Tartaki. In the first half of the 19th century approximately 40% of Tartakovskys lived in three locations in current Zhytomyr region and belonged to four families — two families of merchants and two of urban commoners. Additional 48-60% of Tartakovskys (12 families) lived in Cherkassy region (Cherkassy city and Smila). Because of the initial number of Tartakovsky families was at least 16, matching the surname does not always mean relationship in the last two centuries.
The Y-DNA test could help you to discover which branch of Tartakovskys you originated from and to find your relatives.
The project is opened to all males with the surname Tartakovsky or a variant of this surname.