At the present time this project focuses only on American Runkles, since no research has been conducted in Europe. Prior research has identified twelve Runkle immigrants to America, listed below. Initially for this project, we would like to test male Runkles for their paternal ancestry to see if any of these immigrants are likely related. l. Jacob Runkle (1724-1794), arrived on the Loyal Judith, 1743, settled in York Co., Pennsylvania. 2. Nicholas Runkle (1716-1776) (half brother to 1. Jacob), of Wackernheim, Germany, arrived on the Loyal Judith, 1743, settled in Berks Co., Pennsylvania. 3. Jacob Runkle (1720-1791), son of Caspar Runckel (1677-1731) of Wackernheim, Germany, arrived on the Hampshire, 1748, settled in York Co., Pennsylvania. 4. Jeremias Runkle, of Western VA, arrived on the Two Brothers, 1748. 5. Jost Runkle (1713-?), of Oberdiebach, Reinland, Prussia, arrived on the Two Brothers, 1748, settled in Pennsylvania, later Maryland. 6. Johannes Runkle, arrived on the St. Andrew, 1749, settled near Albany, New York. 7. Wendel Runkle (brother of 3. Jacob), of Oberingelhelm, Germany, arrived on the Richmond, 1764, settled in Augusta Co., Virginia. 8. John Runkle, arrived on the Morning Star, 1772, settled in Pennsylvania. 9. Michael Runkle, arrived on the Brittania, 1773. 10. Phillip Runkle, arrived on the Brittania, 1773. 11. Philip Runkle (1807-1880), of Bonefield, Neweid, Germany, settled in Wisconsin. 12. Adam Runkle (1720s-1800), of Germany, settled in Hunterdon Co., New Jersey. There is a Peter Runkle, origins unknown, who lived in Virginia in the late 1700s. There are also John Christian and John Jacob Runkel, of Rengsdorf, Germany, who came to America in 1848, and settled in Wisconsin.