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H5'36, H5, and H36 mtGenome Haplogroups Project

  • 1132 members

About us

Welcome to the H5’36, H5, and H36 Mitochondrial DNA FullGenomic Sequence (mtGenome) Project.

To Join you must:




In many cases, our project will be able to group you into aproposed or anticipated subclade that has not yet been formally identified. Whenyou join this project -- and periodically, thereafter, as the structure of thehaplogroup grows -- we will place you in the most refined subclade that we can.To do this, it is necessary for administrators to see your Coding Region variants. Inyour FTDNA Account Settings please go to Project Preferences where you can enable administrators to see that data. Go to thelast option on the page for Coding Region Sharing and move the button for it to the right. This will make itpossible for us to evaluate your results (to look for a potential new subcladebranch and to communicate with you privately about the results). The data isonly viewable on password-protected administrative pages. We never share thedata with anyone else, and you can opt out any time.


(1) Members' DNAResults (Sorted by Specific Subclades):  This page includes a limited portion of members' HVR1/HVR2 data for comparison andlists the most distant known direct maternal ancestor (if entered by projectmembers).  Members are grouped according to their most refinedsubclade available. Some subclade labels on the page are based on the PhyloTree (mtDNAtree, last updated in 2016, which is recognized by FTDNA). Many additionalsubclades were tentatively identified by the company YFull, but are not yetofficial.
(2) Map of Our mtDNA Lines: The mappingtool for our project allows you to view the earliest known origins of various subclades on a world map.You can select options to view "All" or any subgroup for display onthe map. This feature gives indications of the known historical locations foreach of the subclades. As our Project grows and as more refined subclades areidentified, this feature will become increasingly meaningful.

If you have knowledge of your maternal ancestry, we wouldappreciate it if you would fill in data (especially the geographical location)of your earliest known direct materna ancestor. This ancestor will befemale in the line of your mother's mother's mother's mother... as far back asyou know. To enter this data:

(1)  On your FTDNA page, hover your mouse inthe upper right near your name and go to "Account Settings."

(2) Along the row of options near the top of thepage, click on "Genealogy."

(3) Next, click on a small link for "EarliestKnown Ancestors."

(4) Enter information for your earliest known
direct maternal ancestor. The datathat you enter -- preferably name, birth year, and -- will appear in your entry on our Members' Results page ifyou have chosen that option in Project Preferences. If known, please also selectthe country of origin of your mtDNA line, which is valuable for thestudy of your branch. (If there is room on the line with your ancestor's name,it's helpful to see her country listed there too.)

(5) On the right side of this data-entry page (forthe project's Mapping feature), please add the earliest known country(including the town or village, if known) of your direct maternalancestry.  This location is intended to reflect the earliest knownorigin of your mtDNA line.
  , if this female ancestor was born in the United States,but her maternal line is known to have come from England, then you would enterEngland.

(6) Save your information.

Asof 2012, there are two different reference sequences used for comparing andreporting mutational differences. These are the rCRS (revised CambridgeReference Sequence) and the RSRS (Reconstructed Sapiens Reference Sequence). Ifyou find that your results do not exactly match a list of your subclade'sdefining mutations, it may be due to the presentation of rCRS vs. RSRSmutations. FTDNA provides the option to see either one, but defaults to RSRS,on your personal mtDNA Results page, as well as on our members' Results page.If you choose the option for rCRS values to be displayed, that should clear upany confusion. If not let us know.
Here is an article by Roberta Estes explaining the two reference sequences:
CRS and the RSRS


Theprivacy of project members is respected at all times. The H & HVDNA administrators strictly adhere to the Group Administrator Guidelines GAP forFamily Tree DNA Projects, the ISOGG Project Administrator Guidelines and otherrelevant code of conduct guidelines (the Finnish admin: the Code of Conduct ofthe the Genealogical Society of Finland Käytännesäännöt 2013). 


See also the FamilyTree DNA Privacy Policy and Terms of Service, theLearning Center pages on DNA Group Projects andpossible Code of conduct guidelines for genealogists in your own country ofresidence.

Informationand data obtained from the mtDNA H & HV Project and its subprojects must beattributed to the project, administrator, and Family Tree DNA as outlined inthe Creative Commons License. Please notify the administrators when using datafor public or private research.

This work is licensed under a 
Creative CommonsAttribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0)