MOULD

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The MOULD Surname DNA Project was created to develop a collection of various MOULD family groups who may have descend from the same male MOULD ancestor. All variant spellings are welcome to participate.   (NOTE: Jan 2015). It is now clear that the variations of this name are widespread and to find a common ancestor within the last 3000 years is highly improbable. But, buy regrouping the names by haplogroup origin we can get a far better picture of any relationships. This regroupingwas carried out in Jan 2015. (NOTE-END).


Some of the most common variant spellings are: MOULD, MOLD, MOLE Some other known variant spellings are: MOLLD, MAULE, MOWLE, MOWLD, MOLLE, MOLLIE, MAUDE, MOLDER, MOELES, MAWD, MAUD, MOULDING, MOULDNER, MOLO, MOLLI, MOL, MOULE, MOULDE, MOLL, MAL, MALE, MENL, MOLLIEN, MOOLLE, MAWLE. Further, a "S" on any of the aforementioned is also quite common... In Old English "Molle" is synonymous, akin with "Mold" Old Norse "mygla" from Latin "molere", to grind (grain), and its derivative "mola"   (NOTE; Jan 2015). This explanation for the name Molle, Molla, Moller is a very good one. Windmills all across Scandinavia are spelt in this fashion i.e. The Mill (English) is Molle in Danish & the Miller (English is Moller in Danish). RE Mold spelling. The Danes don't pronounce embedded 'd' in a word but sound it more like 'l' (el). So even if a word was written as Mold or Molde in Danish, it would be pronounced Molle. In German of course we have Mr Miller as Mr Müller. (END-NOTE).

The name Mohaut arrived in England after the Norman Conquest of 1066. The Mohaut family lived in Cheshire. Before migrating to Normandy and then England, this family was originally the lords of Monte Alto, in Italy. Their name is thought to be a version of this place-name which underwent significant corruption through translation through several languages before being Anglicized. Spelling variations include: Maude, Maud, Mawd, Mold, Mould, Moulds, Molds and others.First found in Cheshire where the family of Maude, originally the Lords of Monte Alto, in Italy, settled in the Lordships and manors of Montalt and Hawarden in the county of Flint.

What does the Mould name mean? Last Name: Mould English: from the Middle English female personal name Mau(l)d, a reduced form of the Norman name Mathilde, Matilda, composed of the Germanic elements maht ‘might’, ‘strength’ + hild ‘strife’, ‘battle’. The learned form Matilda was much less common in the Middle Ages than the vernacular forms Mahalt, Maud and the reduced pet form Till. The name was borne by the daughter of Henry I of England, who disputed the throne of England with her cousin Stephen for a number of years (1137–48). In Germany the popularity of the name in the Middle Ages was augmented by its being borne by a 10th-century saint, wife of Henry the Fowler and mother of Otto the Great.

The following known variants are most prevalent in Scotland. MOWATT MOUAT MOWAT MOUATT Dictionary of American Family Names, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-508137-4 First Name: A Dictionary of First Names, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0192800507


JAN 2015:
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The restructure of the project has been completed and each person has been relocated to a group that better describes their ancestral origin.  One example is for those who are in the I haplogroup and who can trace their ancestry back to Ireland, Scotland or Eastern England, then your ancestors are probably part of the Norse Viking era incursions into those countries. The  I1 haplogroup is dominant in Sweden but is also found in Norway & Denmark.  If you are in the R Haplogroup and are P312/S116 - L238 then that may be of Danish (Jutland) origin.  P312/S116 - L21 may be another part of Jutland (home of Angles & West Saxons - formerly called Anglo-Saxons).  For U106/S21 people, your line is likely to be from Nth West Holland (Friesland) or Nth West Germany (Jutland Frisian areas) or South West Denmark (Jutland Frisian areas).


Dec 2014:
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In coming weeks we will restructure the grouping of the project which will be 1) based on haplogroup then 2) on name spelling.

This should help with later analysis of MCRA (Most Common Recent Ancestor) when looking at the STR values in the charts.  Also we will offer suggestions on further tests worth taking to more accurately pinpoint peoples terminal haplogroup.


17 Nov 2014:
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As one of the administrators on the project and with my special interest in those people named MOLDEN/MOULDEN (and now MOULDING and other British origin and phonetically similar names) I recently traveled to Norway to investigate a possible origin for names derived from MOLD* MOULD*  who today are in England and especially the areas in England known for Norse settlement such as the Wirral & Durham. This Norway search was inconclusive but interesting. Here is a very useful link to the history of the Norse in Northern England. It is very detailed and a long read. York and Durham both feature strongly. http://www.englandsnortheast.co.uk/VikingNorthumbria.html

The Norse as tested in the Viking DNA project, are approx 1/3 R1a, 1/3 I1*, and 1/3 R1b (but this R1b is dominantly U106 vs P312). There is approx 5% ancient K DNA there as well. The R1b-P312 component is believed to have come to Norway as captured peoples from the areas of the UK & Ireland that the Norse raided vs R1b-U106 that is dominant on the East coast of England which had less Norse raiding as such but did have Norse occupation (i.e. York & Durham).  When talking of the Norse, this does not refer to the Danes who mostly lived in Jutland, Fyn and Zealand even if the Danes controlled Norway for much of its history.

A project run at Leicester & Nottingham universities in the mid 2000s resulted in variant publications in 2011/12. The main book was called  'Viking DNA', and looked into the Norse origin of people in the Wirral adjacent areas of England. (see link here for the most recent presentation on the book - http://www.southbalticmodalhaplotype.org/Documents/files/Viking-DNA-3Oct2011.pdf  ). The Moulding name was one of the names they wanted to test in the Wirral area, to see it it was of Norse origin. I don't have specific information as to if any of those Moulding people were considered positive. Our DNA project may be able to answer that.

While in Norway in July 2014, I visited the town of Molde. The local historical society confirmed that Molde was in the heart of the Norse 'Western Viking Empire' in the 10th century and that it was quite feasible that people from Molde would be in the parties that settled in Ireland (Leinster) & Wirral and later Durham. In Norway there is a strong family name 'Molden'. The 'Moulden' spelling appears to be exclusively a British variant.  Moulden appears to co-exist in some of the same areas in England with the name Molden.  The issue of Moulden/Molden/Moulding being related to Norse Molden people, is merely an interesting line of investigation and is *not* being offered as a fact or a proven theory.  The name Moulding was one of the old Wirral names identified for testing purposes by the research project carried out at Nottingham & Leicester universities. (see this following link - look for the 'Moulding' name) - http://www.nottingham.ac.uk/~sczsteve/survey.htm   -  We now have an opportunity with the latest SNP based testing to further prove or disprove a link to the these Norse.


May 2014: Special focus on the names Molden/Moulden
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As one of the administrators of this name project my special focus is on the possible Nordic origin of the Molden & Moulden peoples.  Both these names tend to show in the same areas of England (excluding the newer industrial centres just above London). These older areas for Molden/Moulden are around Liverpool and The port towns of Newcastle, Grimsby and Hull, and in the northern county of Durham.

The biggest density of people named Molden in the world are in Norway in Nord Trondelag. Interestingly there is a large town on the Norwegian coast up above Bergen, called Molde. The Norse had a quite well known settlement in Wirral England (beside Liverpool) begun in approx 935 AD. They settled at Wirral after being pushed out of Leinster Ireland. Some of these Norse are said to have gone to Isle of Man & others to Wirral. Both places are comparatively close by (over the Irish sea) to the old Irish Leinster region.

Other Norse people also settled in the English county area of Durham. Some of these were aid to have come from the Wirral settlement. This happened between 950 AD and 1013 AD (by which time Danish King Canute had taken over England).

My special interest will be seeing to what extent English descendants with a Mold*/Mould* name, have direct Y-DNA that might go back to Molde or other parts of Norway. This may be a dead end but it seems worth investigating.


Admin.