I-FGC21765 Y-DNA

Connections to an ancient Viking DNA sample in Iceland
  • 22 members

About us

Group members are positive for the following Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) from the broad I1 level to our terminal SNP: I-M253, I-DF29, I-L22, I-P109, I-S10891, I-FGC21732, I-FT2561, I-FGC21733 and I-FGC21765 or appear that they may be positive for I-FGC21765 based on their Short Tandem Repeat (STR) values from their Y-67 or Y-111 test results.

This page will focus on recent developments (and any historical connections) concerning I-FGC21765. I-FGC21765 was formed an estimated 2300 ybp (years before present) with a TMRCA (Time to Most Recent Common Ancestor) of 700 ybp (or about 1300 AD).

There are currently only twelve people who have tested with the FTDNA BigY that are positive for I-FGC21765 (and a few other who appear to be positive for it based on STR values) and their surnames are Waugh, Waff, Wharff, Walkup, Lee, Steptoe, Wellwood, Jackson, Campbell and Guest as well as one ancient sample from Dalvik (Brimnes), Iceland (DAV-A9) dated to 900-1000 CE (A.D.). Our closest matches in Scandinavia are in southern Sweden and Denmark and are positive for I-FGC21732 (with a TMRCA of 2800 ybp).

The Icelandic sample provides evidence for a "line of inquiry" and bridges the gap from southern Scandinavia to the British Isles during the Viking Age...

Sample: DAV-A9
Location: Dalvík (Brimnes), North, Iceland
Study Information: One of the largest and most studied pre-Christian burial sites in Iceland. Thirteen human skeletal remains, six horse skeletons, and the remains of three dogs were found at the site. In one of the graves, the deceased individual had been placed in a sitting position at the rear of a boat
Age: Pre-Christian 900-1000 CE
Y-DNA: I-FGC21765
FTDNA Comment: Likely splits this branch
mtDNA: H1



"Brimnes was an estate in the Upsastrond area. Nowadays its property and others belong to the municipality of Town Dalvik. According to the Svarfdaela Saga, Karl the Red and several other men were killed at River Brimnesa. He was buried in his boat. Just north of the river one of the most interesting burial grounds of the country were inspected in 1910 by Knut Bruun and Finnur Jonsson. They discovered 13 graves, thereof one boat mound. Since then more graves and relics have been unearthened, such as another boat mound about 300 m outside the burial ground. Old sources suggest, that the boat landing Hyltinganaust was at the mouth of the river." - Nordic Adventure Travel


"For 20 of the 24 pre-Christian Icelanders, strontium isotopes 86 and 87 were measured from dental enamel (11), revealing whether they spent their first 6 years in Iceland (nonmigrants) or elsewhere (migrants). Three are deemed migrants on the basis of high 87Sr/86Sr ratios (>0.710). These likely first-generation settlers were unmixed; DAV-A8 and DAV-A9 (from the same site) were Norse, and SSG-A4 was Gaelic (Table 1 and Fig. 2C). SSG-A2 and SSG-A3 (from the same site as SSG-A4) have lower 87Sr/86Sr ratios, albeit too high for a childhood solely in Iceland. Notably, SSG-A3 is estimated to be an equal mix of Norse and Gaelic, indicating that some admixture occurred before arrival in Iceland, perhaps in Viking settlements in Scotland or Ireland." - from Ancient genomes from Iceland reveal the making of a human population

"Garðarr Svavarsson is described as a Swedish Viking married to a woman from the Hebrides"

Garðarr Svavarsson (modern Icelandic: Garðar Svavarsson, modern Swedish: Gardar Svavarsson) was a Norseman who briefly resided in Iceland, according to the Sagas. He is said to be the second Scandinavian to reach the island of Iceland after Naddod. He and his family appear in the Icelandic Sagas with the principal source from Haukr Erlendsson's edition of Landnámabók. [1][2] Svavarsson is described as a Swedish Viking who owned land in Zealand (in modern Denmark). He was married to a woman from the Hebrides. During the 860s, he needed to claim his inheritance from his father-in-law. During a voyage to these isles, he sailed into a storm at Pentland Firth. This storm pushed his ship far to the north until he reached the eastern coast of Iceland. He circumnavigated the island, becoming the first known person to do so and thus establishing that the landmass was an island. He went ashore at Skjálfandi where he built himself a house and stayed for the winter. Since then, the place located in North Eastern Iceland has been called Húsavík.[3]

Having returned, he praised the new land and called it after his own name Garðarshólmi (see names of Iceland). Nothing is known of his fate thereafter, but his son, Uni danski (Uni the Dane), later emigrated to Iceland. He made a feeble attempt to win it for the Norwegian king with himself as earl. He had discussed this with the king but when the local farmers knew his intent, they would help him in no way and soon he was killed.

Uni danski had a son, Hróar Tungugoði, who inherited the entire estate. In the Sagas of Icelanders, Hróar quarreled with other men and was twice challenged to a hill battle and won both times. He killed his opponents but was eventually murdered but then avenged by his son. Hróar's wife was Arngunnur, sister of Gunnar Hámundarson, who is one of the main characters in Njáls saga, the longest and generally considered the greatest of the Icelandic Sagas.[4] [5]

- Wikipedia