The L’nu, called Mi’kmaq, traditionally greet each other as níkmaq, my kin. By the early 1700s the population of the Mi’kmaq people had been reduced to about 2000 Mi’kmaq living on the East Coast of North America. The Chegau family is a Mi’kmaq family indigenous to North America. Catholic baptism, marriage and death records and the 1726 Peace and Friendship Treaty show the Chegau family living at Kespoogwitk, (Cape Sable, Nova Scotia) during the 1700s. A branch of the Chegau family moved to Newfoundland and Cape Breton, Nova Scotia. My goal is to complete the genealogy of the Chegau family by combining DNA testing along with a private on-line collaborative family tree. MTDNA and/or YDNA tests is providing the male and female lines within the Chegau family and the Family Finder DNA results are matching to brothers, sisters, cousins, aunts, uncles and grandparents five generations and beyond. New members to the Chegau Mi’kmaq Family DNA project are provided guest access to the private on-line family tree. Once you are added to the online family tree I am able to change the settings on the family tree website so you are able to make changes and updates to the tree for your immediate family and upload photographs to the site. If you have questions to whether you are matching descendants of the Chegau family please email me and I will look at the DNA results in the project to see where you are matching on the family tree. Please know that if I do not respond to you right away it is because I am busy with the project. I will respond to you as soon as I am able to respond to you. Thank you for joining the Chegau Mi’kmaq Family DNA project. Several matches in the project are related to the Chegau family and have been added to the online family tree which starts with Germaine Chegoueo, dit Chegau, son-in-law to Chief Jean Baptiste, of Cape Sable. DNA results and the expanding family tree are showing that we are intermarried with Europeans, Inuit, Beothuk, Maliseet, Mohawk, Abernaki, Cree, Chipewyan and Coast Salish people prior to and since the early 1700s. Looking at the surnames of Aboriginal peoples across Canada I suspect that some of our Mi’kmaq lines may be found in many other Tribes. • Algonquin of Pikwakanagan – Benoit and Bernard • Algonquin of Eagle Village – Paul • Algonquin of Kitgan-zibi Anishinabeg – Chabot, McDougall • Algonquin of Wolf Lake – Denis • Treaty 8 which is the Sicannie (Sikanni), Slavey, Beaver (Dane-Zaa), Cree, and Saulteau. Tribes defined by groupings created by the perspective of those we came into contact with rather than our genetic history and relationship to each other before and after contact. Because of this perspective and the on-going creation of legislation that is constantly re-defining the Chegau family our original family names and history is being lost. Take for example Treaty 8 which covers a geographical area that includes, Northern Alberta, North Eastern British Columbia, North Western Saskatchewan and the southernmost portion of the Northwest Territories. This Treaty includes the Sicannie (Sikanni), Slavey, Beaver (Dane-Zaa), Cree, and Saulteau people. The Benoit family of Treaty 8 could be of the Benoit family that directly descends from the Chegau family. A family member that worked in the fur trade and intermarried into one of the Tribes redefined as Treaty 8. There are participants in the project that were adopted and are a genetic match to some of the descendants of the Chegau family. Through DNA testing and genealogical research we have been able to confirm their relationship to the Chegau family. I am noticing a pattern with the genetic matches where our adopted cousins were told that they were of Middle Eastern Ancestry when they are actually of Mi’kmaq and/or Inuit ancestry. There are other adoptees that are genetic matches that are closely related to descendants of the Chegau family but I cannot tell how or which person connects them into the family tree. As more people test and information is added to the family tree we will eventually figure it out. DNA results show our cousin as closely related to the Benoit line of the Chegau family in Newfoundland yet somehow she ended up adopted in Texas, USA. I received a lovely email from one of our genetic matches in the Chegau Mi’kmaq DNA project telling me she was about to board a plane to leave Australia to return to North America and how emotional it was for her to be returning to North America knowing of her Mi’kmaq ancestry. I believe that there is missing lines of the Chegau family in Europe that are missing from our genealogy because of adoption, the Acadian Expulsion and military service during World Wars I and II of Aboriginal and Inuit men. Acadian deportation lists name deportees that were of Mi’kmaq ancestry, some of whom were bi-racial and the children and grandchildren of Mi’kmaq Chiefs. I have a second cousin discovered through genealogy and DNA testing that was born and raised in England. His father who is directly descended in the Chegau family served in the Canadian Military during World War II and was stationed in England. My English cousin had no idea of his Mi’kmaq ancestry or the history of the male line of his family and his relationship to the Chegau family. Louie Riel shares a common great grandfather with the Boucher line of the Chegau family. Louie’s Boucher line is intermarried with the Chipewyan people. Was there prior intermarriage between Louie’s Chipewyan line and the Chegau Mi’kmaq lines that the Boucher family married into or did the Boucher family marrying into two different tribes? Both the Mi’kmaq and the Chipewyan are Algonquin. There are four genetic cousins in the project whose families held Red River, Metis Script. The Cyr and the Sutherland Red River family descendants in the project are a genetic match to some of the descendants of the Chegau family but as of yet their relationship to our family tree is not defined. Further DNA testing of the Cyr and Sutherland families of the Red River will determine how the Cyr and Sutherland families of the Red River are related to the Chegau family and the Mi’kmaq people. Two of our genetic cousins from the Red River Valley are of Mi’kmaq, Cree and Acadian ancestry. Family names associated with this line are Poirier, Couture, Blanchard, Kennedy, Lemieux and Doucet. The Poirier Mi’kmaq and Acadian line of the family is very likely married into the Coast Salish people on the West Coast of Canada through Joseph Poirier and Jean Baptiste Brule. Joseph Poirier and Jean Baptiste Brule left Quebec and followed the fur trade from Quebec, to the Red River, to Fort Vancouver, to Fort Langley and on to Fort Victoria. Jean Baptiste married Marguerite of the T’Sou-ke people at Fort Vancouver. Marguerite Brule’s son Joseph, Iroquois and his wife Mary Ann, of the Kalapooya people accompanied Joseph and Jean out West where they eventually settled in T’Sou-ke, Sooke, British Columbia. Joseph Poirier married Ellen daughter of Mary Ann and Joseph Brule. Joseph and Ellen’s descendants are Mi’kmaq, Iroquois and Kalapooya. Joseph and Ellen Poirier’s son, Joseph married Mary White, daughter of Aaron Denton White and Catherine (Owechemis) White, of the Coast Salish people. Joseph Poirier Junior and Mary’s descendants are Mi’kmaq, Iroquois, Kalapooya and Coast Salish. DNA testing of T’Sou-ke, Goudi, Walter Cook, Jessiman, Davidson, White, Denton and Charles family descendants most likely will show Joseph Poirier’s genetic line in the Coast Salish people on the West Coast of Canada. The Chegau family is also intermarried with the Inuit from Fox Harbour, Labrador. Family names on this line of the family tree are Paulo, Langer, Rumbolt, Brown, Pye, Collins, Babcock Mercer and Saunders. Descendants of these lines can be found in Labrador, Newfoundland, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. The signatories for the Lesser Slave Lake area Treaty 8 were: Chief Keenooshayoo, Moostoos (Sucker Creek), Felix Giroux (Swan River), Weecheewaysis (Driftpile), Charles Neesuetasis (Sawridge), and The Captain (Sturgeon Lake). The Giroux line at Swan River may also be of the same Mi’kmaq Giroux line of the Chegau family. Mohawk Chief Joseph Brant and his sister Molly Brant may be related to the Chegau family though the Iroquois matrilineal line of descent and inheritance that is passed through the maternal line of the family, with the mother’s Clan stopping at her son. Sir William Johnson was the Indian Agent for New York. He lived in a common-law relationship with Molly Brandt, sister of Mohawk Chief, Joseph Brant. William and Molly had several children and a large household that included slaves. After Sir William Johnson died, Molly returned with their children and her household to the Mohawk. Both the Brown and Cox surnames are listed as surnames of slaves in the household of Molly Brandt and Sir William Johnson. One of the families in this line is the Zimmerman family and I am showing as a genetic match to the Zimmerman family of this line but as of yet have not been able to figure where Zimmerman connects into our family. Further DNA testing and genealogical research of the Cox, Brown, Turner and Morley surnames will help to determine the relationship of the Mohawk Brant line to the Chegau family. One line of this family is already related to the Chegau family through the Marie Therese line. Prior to the creation of Canada and the United States of America there was no border for the Continent called Turtle Island as a result Tribes were split into two different countries? Our genetic and tribal history is unique to the continent of America and needs to be reconciled with our cousins across borders in order to complete and maintain Tribal genealogies of the first peoples of the Continent. I invite all people of aboriginal ancestry to join the Chega Mi’kmaq Family DNA project and the on-line family tree, especially any of you whose surnames are listed in the Chegau project as the listed surnames on the site are families that have intermarried with the Chegau family and/or are of Mi’kmaq ancestry.