- Connect Butson branches that pre-date parish registers.
- Identify uniquely Butson y-DNA configurations.
- Add to the Butson One-Name Study information.
Here are some of the pre-parish register questions that may be answered by y-DNA testing.
- Did the first Muker, Yorkshire, Butson come from St Agnes, Cornwall?
- Was the first St Agnes Butson a child of the St Merryn-Padstow Butsons?
- Did the first St Merryn Butson come from Blackborough / Kentisbeare in Devon?
You can test at the 37, 67 and 111 marker levels on Family Tree DNA. The more markers you test the more we will be able to learn how you and all other Butsons fit together. But the more markers that you test, the more it costs. You can start out at a lower level and later upgrade to a higher level, as your budget allows. But everyone should have the goal of eventually testing at the 111 marker level. Family Tree DNA does offer discounts for orders placed in connection with the project. Contact the administrator for information before placing your order. (The discounted prices are generally not as good as the sale prices FTDNA offers for Mother's Day and Father's Day.)
The Butson Surname y-DNA Project is part of the Guild of One-Name Studies Butson Study. The master lineage-linked database (which contains related families) is on Ancestry.com with a frozen snapshot rolled out to the public website at http:/www.wwjohnston.net/famhist/celtic-roots-tree
See also the "Early Butson" website at http://www.wwjohnston.net/famhist/early-butson.htm
Wesley Johnston administers the Project and the One-Name Study. His 2nd great grandmother was Emma Butson, daughter of Henry Butson who was born 1831 at St. Blazey, Cornwall, to Solomon Butson and Jane Keam.
Wesley began y-DNA work in 2009, since his Johnstons came through what is now Northern Ireland, and all records were destroyed when the Dublin Public Record Office was blown up in the 1922 Irish civil war. So y-DNA was the only way to find his Johnston relatives.
Wesley has done various forms of y-DNA STR analysis. (The 37, 67 and 111 markers are STRs.) But he is just beginning to learn about including SNPs. In general STRs are more useful for more recent connections (perhaps the past 700 years), but SNPs are for more distant work. But there is recent work being done in combining analysis using both STRs and SNPs, which Wesley is seeking to follow. But for now, the project analysis is based only on STRs.