Volga Germans- Background



The Volga Germans (German: Wolgadeutsche or Russlanddeutsche, Russian: Povolzhskie nemtsy) were ethnic Germans living along the River Volga in the region of southern European Russia around Saratov and to the south. Recruited as immigrants to Russia in the 18th century, they were allowed to maintain German culture, language, traditions and churches. In the 19th and early 20th centuries, many Volga Germans emigrated to the Midwestern United States, Canada, Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay and other countries.

After the Nazi invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941 during World War II, the Soviet government considered the Volga Germans potential collaborators and transported them wholesale to labour camps, where many died. After the war, it expelled some ethnic Germans to the West. In the late 1980s, many of the remaining ethnic Germans moved from the Soviet Union to Germany.

Project Stats

Statistic Type Count
Big Y 21
Combined GEDCOMs Uploaded 48
DISTINCT mtDNA Haplogroups 94
DISTINCT Y-DNA Confirmed Haplogroups 63
DISTINCT Y-DNA Predicted Haplogroups 0
Family Finder 177
Genographic 2.0 Transfers 9
Maternal Ancestor Information 197
mtDNA 146
mtDNA Full Sequence 91
mtDNA Plus 130
mtDNA Subgroups 12
Paternal Ancestor Information 227
Predicted Y-DNA Haplogroups 53
Total Members 305
Unpredicted Y-DNA Haplogroups 0
Unreturned Kits 28
Y-DNA Deep Clade (After 2008) 15
Y-DNA Deep Clade (Prior to 2008) 7
Y-DNA Subgroups 12
Y-DNA111 42
Y-DNA12 183
Y-DNA25 158
Y-DNA37 154
Y-DNA67 105