Surname BLACK Y-Chromosome DNA Project - Results

Surname Results, and some observations.
Haplogroup R1b
B-3- Haplogroup R1b1, Earliest Known Ancestor is Peter Black, born 1772 in France. There are no matches with this individual with the Black surname, or other surnames. Recent Ancestral Origins of B-3 include: England, France and Ireland. This individual may represent a phonetic translation for the Origin of his Black surname, such as Blanc, or some other similar sounding French name.

B-5- Haplogroup R1b1, Earliest Known Ancestor is John Black, born c1760 in Benbecula, Scotland. There are no matches with this individual with the Black surname, but B-5 has DNA matches with many other Surnames with 25 markers examined, including many Mac surnames, common in Scotland. The most common Recent Ancestral Origins include: Scotland and Ireland.

B-12- Haplogroup R1b1, Earliest Known Ancestor is James Black, born 1841 in Rockcastle County, Kentucky. There are no Black surname matches for this individual, but at the 25 marker level, matches with other surnames, which appear to be of Irish origin are identified. This also matches up with B-12's Recent Ancestral Origins, where the most common place is Ireland and Scotland. Before this lineage's migration to the USA, Irish origins is a possibility.

B-8- Haplogroup R1b1, Earliest Known Ancestor is John Black, born 1814 in Pennsylvania, of possible German heritage. There are no Black surname matches for this individual, but at the 12 marker level, there are 11 and 12/12 matches with individuals who have variations with the surname Blancett. Most Recent Ancestral Origins include England, Germany, Ireland and France. This maybe another example of a phonetic translation to arrive at the Black surname.

B-1- Haplogroup R1b1, Earliest Known Ancestor is William Black, born 1828 in Pennsylvania. There is a possible match with B-26, another Black project member. The members match 11/12, where they have a 50% chance of a common ancestor at least 20 generations ago. Both members have examples of the Western Atlantic Modal Haplotype (WAMH). Whether the common ancestor is since the advent of surnames requires more markers to be compared. Most Recent Ancestral Origins are identified as England, Scotland, Ireland and Germany.
B-26- Haplogroup R1b, Earliest Known Ancestor is from England. B-26 shares a common ancestor with B-1, but it remains a mystery whether it a recent ancestor, since c1100, before Surname usage. Since this individual is a WAMH, he shares 12/12 with many differing surnames, originating from across Europe.

B-4- Haplogroup R1b1, Earliest Known Ancestor is Johan Swartz/Black, of Fairfield County, Ohio, and has German heritage. There are no Black surname matches with this individual, but matches with several other 12/12 Surnames, but those maybe random, as no common pattern has emerged. Recent Ancestral Origins of this haplotype, support a German origin, with a large proportion of similar results coming from Germany. This individual's surname maybe an example of a translation from Swartz to Black, when migrating to the USA.
B-2 - Haplogroup R1b1, Earliest Known Ancestor is John C. Black, born 1876 in Fenton, Michigan. There are no Black Surname matches for this individual, nor are there other surname matches. Recent Ancestral Origins for B-2, indicate a origin in the British Isles, with England, Wales, Ireland. Though very few matches occur, indicating a very rare haplotype.

B-6- Haplogroup R1b1, Unknown Ancestor. There are no Surname matches, either Black, a variant, or with other surnames. There is a limited number of matches with Recent Ancestral Origins for this haplotype, the three most identifiable origins are England, Scotland and Germany.
B-14- Haplogroup R1b1, Earliest Known Ancestor is Robert Black, born before 1740, Aberdeenshire, Scotland. There are no Black Surname matches, though the haplotype matches with 25/25 markers with several members with the Surname Jackson, and with two mutations, Gilbert and Henry. Most Recent Ancestral Origins are identified as Scotland, Ireland, Wales and England. This is my line and has raised more questions than answers.
B-15- Haplogroup R1b1, Earliest Known Ancestor is Joseph Black, born 1747, England. There are no Surname matches for this individual, either Black, a variant, or other surname. Recent Ancestral Origins for this haplotype add support for the documented research of England, with England, Ireland and Scotland being represented in the results.

B-16- Haplogroup R1b1, Earliest Known Ancestor is from the United Kingdom. There are no Surname matches of this haplotype, either Black or other surnames. Recent Ancestral Origins indicate an ancestor for the UK, with relations with origins in England, Ireland and Scotland.
B-18-Haplogroup R1b1, Earliest Known Ancestor is Alexander Black, born 1810 in Leith, Scotland. There are no Black surname matches, but an interesting match of 24/25 occurs with a similar sounding surname Jacks. Ireland and Scotland predominate the Recent Ancestral Origins. Perhaps a Celtic origin? On the network display diagram, B-18 and B-20, are closer related than to others. B-20's Irish origin adds support to a Celtic Origin, and relation, but well before the origin of surnames.

B-20-Haplogroup R1b1, Earliest Known Ancestor is George Black, born c1840 in Galway County, Ireland. There are no Surname matches with this haplotype. Though Ireland and Scotland feature predominately in the Recent Ancestral Origins.
B-21-Haplogroup R1b1, Unknown Ancestor Origin. This is the first 12/12 match within the Black Surname Project. B-21 matches with B-24, with 12/12 matches, meaning that they have a 70% chance of sharing a common ancestor within 12 generation. With a larger marker sample size, more specific times can be estimated. Also, with only 12 markers sampled, there are several matches with other surnames, these maybe random matches, though one interesting surname, Blakiston, is a possible variant of BLACK. Scotland, Ireland and England are identified with Recent Ancestral Origins, with one mutation from the 12 sampled markers.
B-24-Haplogroup R1b1, Earliest Known Ancestor originates in Scotland. B-24 matches with B-21 on the first 12 markers tested. B-24 hasn't compared beyond the Surname group, so one can't tell if the Blakiston surname match with B-21, holds up with further marker comparisons. Recent Ancestral Origins for this haplotype with 2 or 3 mutations on 25 markers include England, Wales, Northern Ireland and Scotland.

B-22- Haplogroup R1b1, Unknown Ancestor Origin. The Surname match is limited to the Black project only, so it is a mystery if any other matches occur. Recent Ancestral Origins of this haplotype include France, Wales, England. This seems to indicate a more continental origin for this linage.
B-23- Haplogroup R1b1, Earliest Known Ancestor originated in Scotland. Surname search is limited to the Black project, and no matches have turned up. Recent Ancestral Origins for B-23 indicate a very strong Ireland connect, with 21 exact matches on the 12 marker test. Scotland origins are also there to support the genealogical research.
Haplogroup R1a

B-19- Haplogroup R1a, Earliest Known Ancestor is from Czechoslovakia. The Haplogroup R1a is common in Eastern Europe, and a Czechoslovakian origin is not a surprise. There are no matches with a Black surname, but there are many 12/12 matches with other surnames, an upgrade on the markers tested would help determine if any connections exist. Many of the names appear to be of Eastern European Origin. The origin of Black surname in this case maybe a translation of the Czech or Slovak word for Black. The most predominant Recent Ancestral Origins with 1 mutation, for this haplotype are Slovak, Poland and Hungary.

Haplogroup I
B-11- Haplogroup I, Earliest Known Ancestor is John Black, born 1854 in Aberdeenshire, Scotland. There are no Black surname matches for this haplotype, but there are many 12/12 matches. An upgrade would help identify family members in a more recent time frame. The surname matches do give an indication of the lineages origin, as many are Scandinavia Names, indicating possible Viking origins. Exact 12/12 Recent Ancestral Origins include Norway, Sweden and England.

B-10- Haplogroup I, Earliest Known Ancestor is John Black, born 1830 in Donegal County, Ireland. There are no Black surnames matches for B-10, though there are many matches of 23/25 quality, but no common surname. Two Step mutations of 25 marker test have identified Recent Ancestral origins of England, Ireland and Denmark. This haplotype appears to be an example of Viking migrations to Ireland.

B17- Haplogroup I, Earliest Known Ancestor originated in German. There is no Black surname matches for this Haplotype, and no Surname matches beyond one 12/12 match of a differing surname. Recent Ancestral Origins of 10 or 11/12 quality include England, Germany, France, Wales and Netherlands. This pattern can indicate a Norsemen migration at the Age of Migrations origin.

Haplogroup J2
B-25-Haplogroup J2, Earliest Known Ancestor is believed to be from France. There are no Black surname matches, but several matches with possible French surnames, though an expended DNA test would determine if there actually is a recent family relation. There is a wide range of Recent Ancestral Origins, which reflects the range the J2 group is known to have migrated. B-25 has 10,11,12/12 matches with identified people from Ireland, England, Portugal, Iran and Syria, a wide geographic range, making France a reasonable origin for this Surname linage.

Haplogroup E
B-13-Haplogroup E, Unknown Earliest Ancestor. There are no matches for either the Black surname, or any other Surnames for this haplotype. Recent Ancestral Origins for B-13 are identified as Haiti, Jamaica, and Senegal and Ivory Coast, possibly identifying the African origin locations of ancestors of New World slave descendants.