McANALLY SURNAME Y-DNA PROJECT- Background

Administrators

Surnames

McAnally, McAnelly, McAnnally, McEnelly, McNally, McNelly

Background

WELCOME TO THE MCANALLY (and variant spellings) DNA PROJECT. 
You may already have genetic connections posted here!   A "Y" DNA test will also give you "your" migrations before and since the last ice age.

"Y" DNA tests trace the family line of your McAnally surname.  The sample must come from a MALE.   Because we are of the common "R1b" haplogroup we highly recommend testing at 37 markers or more in order to delineate true relationships.
 
Family Finder tests identify all blood ancestors back to 4+ generations.  The sample may be from a Male or Female.

We also serve as a posting site for McAnally mitochondrial tests. Sampes for mtDNA may be from a male or female, but the test only traces maternal lines.



Comment on the name and locationorigin(s) of Mcanally/McNally from Michael Anthony McNally tyrodin@yahoo.com

McAnallys, McNallys,and McNellys from Cenel Moan Upper, a Third Origin

 “McAnally,McNally, McAnelly, MacNally etc are English (& hillbilly) attempts to spellour Gaelic name.  The two most commonlycited origins of the name are Mac an Fhailghigh (son of the poor man) & MacCon Uladh (son of the hound of Ulster).  Onan Irish tongue these would come out sounding like McAnally.  However, those of us who descend from NiallNaoighiallach (Niall of the Nine Hostages) arenot likely to be closely related to either of these.

In my book “McNallys and Gormleys of CenelMoan”, Niall MacConnallaidh (Mike McNally) states, “When one searches for thename McNally online there seem to be but two origins, one from the counties ofArmagh and Monaghan and the other from Roscommon and Mayo with the family crestshowing a sword being held in the center, with six birds surrounding it.

A third McNally origin is likely to be theactual case.  I would call us the“McNallys of Cenel Moan”.  We were highchiefs of Cenel Moan (generally under the chieftainship of the O’Gormley’s)from Maghe Ith in the Barony of Raphoe in Donegal (until we were pushed intoCounty Tyrone in the early 1500’s). The root of our name McNally is MacConallaidh,son of Cenalach who is the progenitor of the Clann Cenalaigh.”

It is interesting to see the evolution of ourname. In the Griffith’s Valuations of 1856 the surname is McNally. The sameman’s name in the Tithe Applotments in 1830 is McAnelly. In the 1670 Hearth MoneyRolls for Bodoney parish the surname was spelled m’Enally. The Subsidy Roll(tax) in 1665 for Badoney Parish spells the surname M’Enallie. On 6/8/1620 inthe Chancery Inquisition Juries of Badoney parish I found two of us with thesurname spelled McAnalie. We must have been high standing citizens to have beenon a jury. I suspect the cause to be because it was before the Irish RomanCatholic Uprising of 1641. This civil war continued until 1649 with Cromwell’sinvasion.  30,000 Irish were relocatedbut the majority of the rebels were allowed to stay on their lands. Finally ina Ceart Ui Neill dated around 1514 I found our surname spelled MacConallaidh

THERE ARE McANALLY FAMILY HISTORIES AT:
McAnally/Jackson Family Home Page:
http://www.familytreemaker.com/users/m/c/a/John-R-Mcanally/index.html

Derek McNelly of Tamms, IL:
http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/m/c/n/Derek-B-Mcnelly/index.html

The "classic" American McAnally appears to be Charles born in 1685, kidnapped to USA at age 7.  There appears to be also distant related lineage arriving in the late seventeenth to the middle eighteenth century. Additionally there are many branches of this surname that can trace their family back to the late 1700 to mid 1800s but cannot connect to those classic linages.


IF YOU WISH TO USE GENEALOGICAL GENETICS TERMINOLOGY--
The Y Chromosome is unique to men. Made of coils upon coils of DNA, it is the only chromosome passed to the next generation without being hopelessly splice-mixed with the mate’s chromosome; hence Male Y chromosome tests are used to trace surname lines.

DNA means DeoxyriboNucleic Acid, an organic chemistry term for a spiral ladder molecule containing our genetic code.

Genetic Code is in the ladder rungs made of complementary coupled pairs of amino acids. When the coupling splits open, the revealed sequence of amino acids is our genetic code.

Amino Acids: Adenine (A) couples with thymine (T). Guanine (G) couples with Cytosine (C). This results in ladder rungs of T-A, A-T, G-C, or C-G. Rarely the wrong amino acid pair is copied into position. This type of mutation is called an SNP.

SNP means Single Nucleotide Polymorphism, being exceedingly rare they are useful in tracing genetic branches of the human tree back 10s of thousands of years ago. SNPs can be tested to discover your Haplogroup.

Haplogroups are people with common long-term history. They sit on a common branch of the human tree.

Haplotype is the term used for any individual’s unique sequence of STR markers, akin to a final twig or leaf on the tree.

STR stands for Short Tandem Repeat. The Y chromosome has a lot of nonsense DNA, including hundreds of places where the code repeats itself as in, GATAGATAGATAGATA etc. About once in 500 generations the number of repeats increases or decreases. This is far more frequent than SNP mutations, making STRs useful in genealogy. DNA tests count and report these repeats at up to 67 different DYS Markers. Testing 67 markers brings the total odds of a mutation in each generation to about 14%.

DYS Marker stands for D-NA of the Y- chromosome in S-hort tandem repeats. Each marker is numerically identified such as DYS 439 so as to know which STRs were counted. The more DYS Marker counts you match to another individual, the higher the probability of a recent common ancestor.

MRCA is the acronym for Most Recent Common Ancestor. TMCRA is Time back to the most common ancestor. Time is given in years or generations.

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