All project members have the R-L21 mutation that characterises haplogroup R1b1b2a1a2f. They share a common origin with the Ui Neill and Dalcassian Royal Families between 1,500 and 4,500 years ago in northwest Ireland, where these haplotypes are most prevalent. It is very likely that the common ancestor of the following project members came to Lowland Scotland from Ulster during the Dalriadan migrations from around 500 to 700 AD. These project members share a common ancestor in the last few hundred years and an extremely rare DYS marker value of 7 at 385a. This rare value probably arose after the 13th Century AD, when surnames were adopted as it appears to be associated distinctly with Moffat and Rutherford males.