Pickering, Pikering, Puckerin, Puckering, Puckrin
PICKERING SURNAME ORIGIN
(Locality). A market town of north Yorkshire, England, with the remains of a castle. Source: An Etymological Dictionary of Family and Christian Names With an Essay on their Derivation and Import; Arthur, William, M.A.; New York, NY: Sheldon, Blake, Bleeker & CO., 1857.
Habitational name from PICKERING in North Yorkshire, named with an Old English tribal name, PICERINGAS. However, Ekwall suggests that this was earlier PICORINGAS ‘people on the ridge of the pointed hill’. Dictionary of American Family Names, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-508137-4
In the UK there are 4,019 phone book entries with the surname Pickering
and approximately 17,502 persons with this name. Thus, the surname Pickering is
the 499. most frequent name in the UK. People with this surname live in 67 counties
. Most occurrences are in West Yorkshire (402)
. Other counties with lots of occurrences are North Yorkshire
(246), West Midlands
(172), Greater Manchester
(170), Greater London
(157), Hereford and Worcester
(140), South Yorkshire
(135), as well as Cheshire
The PICKERING name means "people from the pointed hill". There are several places in England with the "PICKERING" name including the "PICKERING Castle" just outside of PICKERING, Yorkshire.
The Meaning of the name "PICKERING" The "PICKERING" surname is Anglo Saxon and comes from Great Britain. The first record of the name PICKERING is in Yorkshire and their first records appeared on the early census rolls taken by the early Kings of Britain to determine the rate of taxation of their subjects. According to the Harleian Manuscripts housed in the British Museum in London, England, "PICKERINGs" were found in Bedfordshire, Cumberland, Devonshire, Huntingdonshire, Lancashire, London, Sussex, & Yorkshire. It was noted that the line from London branched into Staffordshire, those in Huntingdonshire branched into Northamptonshire and then into Westmorland and those in Sussex to Cheshire. The PICKERING name appeared in many manuscripts and from time to time the surname was spelled "PUCKERING, PICKERING, PYKERING and PIKERING. These changes in spelling even occurred between father and son. There were several reasons for the changes in spellings as there were many illiterate people and most everyone spelled a name out as it sounded to them. The Anglo-Saxon tribes produced many surnames such as PICKERING. These founding cultures settled in England in about the 5th century A.D., displacing the ancient Britons who populated the area in Roman times. The Angles and the Saxons established several independent kingdoms, Northumbria, Mercia, Wessex, Kent, Essex, Sussex and East Anglia, collectively known as the Heptarchy. All of these rival kingdoms were unified in the 9th century by Egbert, King of Wessex. In 1066, the relative peace which the country had been existing under was shattered. The Norman invasion from France and their victory at the Battle of Hastings meant that many Anglo-Saxon landholders lost their property to Duke William and his invading nobles. Under oppressive Norman rule many families decided to move north to Yorkshire and beyond the border to Scotland. The PICKERING family emerged as notable Englishmen in the county of Yorkshire where they were recorded as a family of great antiquity seated as Lords of the manor of Oswald Kirk and estates in that shire, and this branch was represented by Sir William PYKERING. They later branched to Coram in Coverdale in that same shire. The main stem of the family branched westward to Winderwath in Westmoreland of which Sir James PICKERING was the scion of the family. He purchased Tichmarsh in the country of Northampton and they became involved with the distinguised Norman family of Umfraville. Sir Gilbert PICKERING was one of the leaders of the group which captured Guy Fawkes and his conspirators in the gunpowder plot. Their present family seats are at Tidmarsh, Whadden and Hindmarsh. They are also registered as a distinguished family of the the U.S.A. Distinguished members of the family at this time include Sir Gilbert PICKERING.
Name Meaning and History English: topographic name for someone who lived by a hill with a sharp point, from Old English pic ‘point’, ‘hill’, which was a relatively common place name element. English: metonymic occupational name for a PIKE fisherman or nickname for a predatory individual, from Middle English PIKE. English: metonymic occupational name for a user of a pointed tool for breaking up the earth, Middle English PIKE. English: metonymic occupational name for a medieval foot soldier who used a PIKE, a weapon consisting of a sharp pointed metal end on a long pole, Middle English pic (Old French pique, of Germanic origin).
PICKERING MAY REFER TO:
Pickering, North Yorkshire, England Pickering, Ontario, Canada Pickering College in Newmarket, Ontario, Canada Pickering Brook, Western Australia, Australia The "Pickering test" in First Amendment law (see: Pickering v. Board of Education) Pickering's Defense, a chess opening Timothy Pickering, an American Revolutionary War colonel, Secretary of State, and Senator.
PEOPLE WITH PICKERING AS A SURNAME:
Andrew Pickering, sociologist and science historian Bill Pickering (1901-), former English professional footballer Calvin Pickering (1976-present), American baseball player Charles Pickering (naturalist) (1805–1878), physician and naturalist Charles W. Pickering (1937-present), Appeals Court judge Charlie Pickering (1977-present), Australian comedian Charles W. "Chip" Pickering (born 1963), the judge's son and US Representative from Mississippi Chris Pickering, Australian alt.country musician Craig Pickering (1986-present), British sprinter Donald Pickering (1933-present), English actor Edward Charles Pickering (1846–1919), astronomer Frederick Brian Pickering, British metallurgist Sir James Pickering, British politician of the fourteenth century Jack Pickering (1908-1977), English footballer (soccer) who played for Sheffield United F.C. John Pickering (1737-1805), American judge John Pickering (football manager), English football manager Larry Pickering (1942-present), Australian political cartoonist Liam Pickering (1968-present), Australian Rules footballer Lionel Pickering (1932-2006), English owner of Derby County football club Nick Pickering (1963-present), English footballer Spencer U. Pickering, (1858–1920) a physical chemist Samuel F. Pickering Jr., an English professor of the University of Connecticut on whom the character John Keating was based in the film Dead Poets Society Blessed Thomas Pickering (1621–1679), English Benedictine lay brother and martyr Thomas J. Pickering, American politician Thomas R. Pickering, American politician Timothy Pickering (1745–1829), third Secretary of State of the United States, Postmaster General, and Massachusetts statesman William Hayward Pickering (1910–2004), Rocket Man, former director of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory William Henry Pickering (1858–1938), astronomer William Pickering (Singapore), first Protector appointed by the British administration of colonial Singapore to head the Chinese Protectorate William Pickering (governor) (1798-1873), English-born American politician