Volga Germans- Background



The Volga Germans (German: Wolgadeutsche or Russlanddeutsche, Russian: Povolzhskie nemtsy) were ethnic Germans living along the River Volga in the region of southern European Russia around Saratov and to the south. Recruited as immigrants to Russia in the 18th century, they were allowed to maintain German culture, language, traditions and churches. In the 19th and early 20th centuries, many Volga Germans emigrated to the Midwestern United States, Canada, Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay and other countries.

After the Nazi invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941 during World War II, the Soviet government considered the Volga Germans potential collaborators and transported them wholesale to labour camps, where many died. After the war, it expelled some ethnic Germans to the West. In the late 1980s, many of the remaining ethnic Germans moved from the Soviet Union to Germany.

Project Stats

Statistic Type Count
Big Y 20
Combined GEDCOMs Uploaded 48
DISTINCT mtDNA Haplogroups 93
DISTINCT Y-DNA Confirmed Haplogroups 63
DISTINCT Y-DNA Predicted Haplogroups 0
Family Finder 173
Genographic 2.0 Transfers 9
Maternal Ancestor Information 193
mtDNA 144
mtDNA Full Sequence 90
mtDNA Plus 128
mtDNA Subgroups 12
Paternal Ancestor Information 223
Predicted Y-DNA Haplogroups 50
Total Members 301
Unpredicted Y-DNA Haplogroups 0
Unreturned Kits 28
Y-DNA Deep Clade (After 2008) 15
Y-DNA Deep Clade (Prior to 2008) 7
Y-DNA Subgroups 12
Y-DNA111 40
Y-DNA12 180
Y-DNA25 155
Y-DNA37 151
Y-DNA67 104