Taylor Family Genes - Results

TAYLOR ANCESTRAL TREES, previously in this place, have been moved. They can be found at
http://freepages.misc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~taylorydna.. Click the "Trees & Lines" link in the top menu.

The new site gives us space to give each lineage its due, to update them as needed and allows us to link to them as appropriate.


This page on our site is about results from the project, but with so many Taylor lines and so much genetic variety, it is hard to sum up results briefly. We can say this much about our overall results so far:

  • Taylor DNA isn't all the same. We see wide genetic diversity among our members. We've identified at least 200 individual & unique Taylor lineages among the more than 550 members who've tested Y-DNA. There is also variety in the mtDNA and autosomal DNA.
  • There is not one Taylor patriarch from whom we're all descended, but many Taylor families unrelated to each other in a genealogical sense. Having Y-DNA that falls into many haplogroups is more proof of separate Taylor lines dating back many millennia.
  • The cause for the the many lines of descendancy and genetic diversity is probably the occupational & multi-point origin of the name. The name seems to have been adopted by many widely-dispersed families over a relatively short period of time in the late 14th century.
  • Taylor is a common surname. It was the 13th most common name in the 2000 US census (0.31% of the population, ~720,000 people) and 5th most common in England (about 350,000 people). About 1,500,000 people worldwide bear the Taylor name.
  • The commonness of the name puts a premium on careful and thorough research, supplemented by DNA testing. We recommend at least a 37-marker Y-STR test to discriminate between Taylor lines.

  • We have identified, to date, more than 76 paternal lineage groups of multiple project members (i.e., "genetic families" or "clusters") plus one for the Western Atlantic Modal Haplotype, another for one marker off from the WAMH and another for the "Niall of the Nine Hostages" haplotype.
  • The most common Taylor haplogroup is R1b (specifically, R1b1a2 or R-M269) and its sub-clades, with ~70% of project members. Next is haplogroup I and its sub-clades at ~15%; then E at 6%; J at 2.5%; then R1a & G at ~2% each. We also have small numbers of the project members in haplogroups A & Q. 

  • We've now tested a total of more than 640 members, ~90% of them have Y-DNA tests.  We expect further testing will help fill in the blanks and unanswered questions, but will not change the overall picture.
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  • These statistical findings are not surprising. They are consistent with a surname of multi-point, English occupational origin.

  • We are beginning to identify relationships of Taylor genetic families predating adoption of the surname. Findings will be published  on our separate Freepages website.   



SURVEY OF TAYLOR DNA:

We are making progress on our goal to survey Taylor Y-DNA. We are beginning to see which Taylor genetic families are more closely related, and which more distantly. It is a difficult task because (1) of the wide variety in the DNA and (2) we are -- mostly -- looking beyond genealogical time. Fortunately, the FTDNA TiP (Time Predictor) tool allows us to measure the similarity and dissimilarity of any pair of project members.

We have, for example, found a cluster of genetic families near the center of the DNA space in R1b and another cluster of families sharing Irish heritage. More information on the survey can be found on each genetic family's group page.
 


If you have comments, questions, corrections, go to the "Contact Us" page and talk to us. Ralph Taylor is the webmaster. You may also send a message to be posted on our blog at: http://taylortopicsdna.blogspot.com.



Sincerely,
Your Taylor Family Genes team: Ralph, Lalia, Josh, Leigh and George & Judy