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Written 11/21/20166 by Stewart (royal Bonkyll S781+ branch , 143035 , L58W-HRD , MyHeritage , my pedigree , YF02381).
FTDNA's Holiday Sale Coupons
FTDNA's Holiday Sale ends on December 31st at 11:59 pm CST. Until then FTDNA will give each of its customers one new coupon code each week, and a second if someone else uses her/his first coupon. Unused coupons expire within seven days so donate yours ASAP. Coupons that are donated at the last minute may not be used unless someone discovers them before they expire.
People who want to help each other kindly donate & receive free coupons on a first come, first serve basis via the spreadsheet at https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1CgXRKz2TySvRqSInveSIYoslO7yexAc9d-BzpNhaY1c/edit#gid=1338933495. Select the correct week of the sale at the bottom left corner of the spreadsheet.
The old sheets are LOCKED so that no new codes can be added to them, but not hidden, since codes offered during previous weeks may still work. Scroll around if you do not see an unused coupon.
Check often and for as long as the sale lasts for the discount that you want (few $100 coupons are offered so you may have to settle for less). Some coupons expire before they are used, so you may not have to compete or beg for one.
Coupons are stackable with sale prices. FTDNA's $59.00 (or $49 with a $10 coupon) Family Finder test is a bargain if your results are NOT in FTDNA's autosomal database yet. You may learn more about your own ancestry if you can persuade your kinfolk to have autosomal DNA tests too.
The sooner you buy a DNA test, the longer your family will benefit from it.
Those who miss this year's Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) test sale may have to wait an entire long year for another, or pay more. Unfortunately, one can not purchase a Big Y test unless one has ordered at least a $59 Y-DNA12 STR test first, e.g., via the web page at https://www.familytreedna.com/group-join.aspx?&group=Stuart&vGroup=Stuart (use the main scroll bar after clicking on this link). You may qualify in time if you order an STR test ASAP.
Why Discover Your Unique Terminal SNP(s)?
The main purpose of a NGS test, e.g., Big Y, is to discover one's UNIQUE TERMINAL SNP (s). None of FTDNA's STR, SNP pack and other DNA tests except Big Y can do this.
Comparisons of the TERMINAL SNP(s) of distant cousins make it possible for them to be scientifically positioned on phylogenetic trees like the ones at http://www.ytree.net/DisplayTree.php?blockID=86 and http://www.s781.org/allsnps.html.
Terminal SNPs help even people who have no genealogical records to discover:
* More about their recent patrilineal ancestors and the branches and sub-branches to which they and their distantly related cousins belong.
* More about the biological family, tribe, nation, race, etc. to which their distantly related patrilineal ancestors belonged and where they lived, e.g., one, four, ten, twenty, a hundred, etc. thousand years ago.
SNPs Are The BEST Proof Of Ancestry
Ducal descendant of King Charles II # 39568 and everyone else who tests positive for SNP S781 descends from Sir John Stewart of Bonkyll (c1245 - 1298).
Table # 5 below compares the Y-DNA67 STR test results of Duke 39568 and Stewart 143035 (me). It shows that their Last Common Patrilineal Ancestor (LCPA) may have been John Stewart, 3rd Earl of Lennox (c. 1490 - 1526). Whether or not this is true could be determined via a comparison of their Terminal SNPs. Our royal Stewart projects would gladly compensate whoever paid for the NGS tests of Duke 39568 and other Stewart aristocrats with good pedigrees if their results were made public.
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Why Have a BIG Y (SNP plus STR) Test?
During FTDNA's holiday sale one may be able to purchase a $425 Big Y test that includes over four times as many STR marker values as a $300.00+ Y-DNA111 STR test. Why have 25% of your STR marker values tested more than once?
I agree with Steve St. Clair, that Big Y is the ONLY and "last test that you have to take with FTDNA". See his excellent Nov 17, 2013 video at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OtMS1rIbPc0&t=2s. His Apr 15, 2011 interview of President Greenspan is at http://www.blogtalkradio.com/stevestclair/2011/04/15/sinclair-dna-and-bennett-greenspan-founder-of-ftdna (an ad-supported link).
Your Big Y test results will include both SNP and about 500 STR markers. One reason that I recommend that a member of every branch of every family purchase a Big Y test FIRST (before any other Y-DNA test) is that none of FTDNA's other STR tests include SNPs. SNPs make it possible for DNA project administrators to correctly:
* Interpret most of the results of a man's Y-DNA111, Y-DNA500, etc. STR tests without having to GUESS !
* Compare a man's Y-DNA test results to those of his distantly related patrilineal cousins far more reliably.
Big Y test results are also important because they can:
* Help one's known family members to achieve their genealogical goals far better than any other Y-DNA test sold by FTDNA can.
* Further our common genealogical progress. Please contact an administrator if you can NOT afford a Big Y test, and are willing to accept a handout from your generous cousins in order to help our beautiful phylogenetic tree to grow and bear fruit as quickly as possible.
* Sooner or later help you to find allies who have your TERMINAL SNP(s) too, i.e., belong to your own branch, and who can therefore help you to break through your genealogical "brick walls" from more than one direction ! The more members of a branch discover their Terminal SNPs, the more likely its Last Common Patrilineal Ancestor (LCPA) will be identified.
We might not have learned that all descendants of Sir John Stewart of Bonkyll test positive for SNP S781 if donors had not funded the genealogical, etc. research that was done by FTDNA's S781 project Administrator Alasdair Macdonald and his team of researchers at the University of Stratcylde during its Banockburn project. The more donations it receives the more likely the LCPAs of more branches of our family will be identified.
If the Duke of Buccleuch and our other aristocratic cousins allow their Terminal SNPs to be added to our S781 phlogenetic tree, some current or future members of FTDNA's royal Stewart projects may discover that they are closely related to them.
Administrator Desideriu's recently updated S781 phylogenetic tree below now shows that only seven of its branches include only one person, i.e., that the Stewarts who order Big Y tests during this sale are about twice as likely to belong to a branch that has already been discovered as not.
Table # 1 (scroll down and to your right) shows part of www. (CENSORED) .com's analysis of my Big Y test results and:
* Proves that approximately 500 reliable STR marker values are included in the results of Big Y tests.
* Clearly that Big Y tests include all of the markers that my Y-DNA111 test did except DYS 413 and DYS 447. If YFULL's experts can analyse these Big Y STR test results for $49, why doesn't FTDNA do so too?
Your computer will automatically search for a table that shows the ~500 STR marker values of sixteen or more descendants of Sir John Stewart of Bonkyll (c1245 - 1298) if you avoid scrolling, etc. for about ten seconds after you click on this link: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~stewartroyal/index.html#ta2.
FTDNA will not go out of business if its customers skip the Y-DNA111, etc. STR tests, buy only Big Y (SNP + STR) Y-DNA tests, and spend their savings, e.g., on autosomal and MtDNA tests. For the cost of Big Y tests to increase even if we stop buying Y-DNA111, etc. STR tests may be impossible, since better NGS tests are available.
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To What Family Did Our Ancestors Belong 1000 Years Ago?
Alex Williamson was able to create the phylogenetic tree at http://www.ytree.net/DisplayTree.php?blockID=7 because everyone listed in it had an NGS test. It displays:
- The TERMINAL SNPs and geographical origins of some of the descendants of the patrilineal family to which our Stewart ancestors belonged a thousand or more years ago (few had surnames at that time).
- More branches of the royal Stewart family than Royal Stewart project administrator Desideriu's S-781 phylogenetic tree below.
Being King Was Risky
Sir James Hamilton of Finnart wanted custody of James V, the one year old son of King James IV, so he murdered the 3rd Earl of Lennox after the battle of Flodden. The Earl's murdered grandson Henry Stewart, Duke of Albany (1545 – 1567) was the father of King James I of England (1566 – 1625), and the tenth great grandfather of Queen Elizabeth II.
King James said: ’I can make a lord, but only God can make a gentleman’. His grandfather King James IV was so gentlemanly that he gave the Anglo-Saxons a month's notice that he intended to honor his treaty with France by attacking them, and thereby got himself and thousands of Scots killed unnecessarily.
The imperialist government of England gave a similar pretext for declaring two fratricidal World Wars against Germany, thereby got millions of our kinsmen killed unnecessarily, and lost much of the most powerful and largest empire in history to boot.
World history might have been more peaceful if Parliament had not discriminated against James II and his Catholic kinsmen (possibly so that Europe's financial center could be transferred from Amsterdam to London).
Must We Believe Lies In Order To Survive?
We and our posterity are more likely to become sane enough to survive if we stop allowing our social and religious norms to trump scientific norms and the truth.
Slush money recipient and forger Winston Churchill wrote: "In wartime, truth is so precious that she should always be attended by a bodyguard of lies" (from which we still suffer today). "Winnie" was the fifth great-grandson of bribe recipient John Churchill (1650 – 1722), the first Duke of Marlborough.
Does More Than One Species Of Mankind Exist?
DNA tests can tell us exactly how we are related to all of the descendants of the agnatic concestor (who is estimated to have lived about 338,000 years ago) of all of the extant biological "cryptic species" of mankind.
So many different domesticated and undomesticated species are known to produce fertile offspring in nature (interspecific hybrids) that biologists practically define a race or "species" as a population of organisms that are GENETICALLY more similar to each other than they are to members of other genepools.
E.g., despite their looks, Bonobos and Chimpanzees are classified as different species because they differ from each other in disposition and behavior as much as any two races of mankind, and because those differences are assumed to be instinctive instead of cultural. Is this evidence of prejudice and bigotry?
Why assume that all differences between the biological nations and races of mankind are intellectual and cultural instead of instinctive, even if they cause higher rates of violent crime, and therefore poverty?