mtDNA Haplogroup V- Background

Administrators

Background

The mtDNA haplogroup V is believed to have originated around the Western Mediterranean region, approximately 13,600 years before present- possibly on Iberia. It is found with particularly high concentrations in the Saami People of northern Scandinavia, as well as the Basque people (10.4%) and somewhat higher among the isolated Pasiegos in nearby Cantabria. It also is found in particularly high concentrations (16.3%) among the Berbers of Matmata, Tunisia. The highest levels are in Scandinavian and Western and North African populations. It is spread at varying low levels across Europe and smaller portions of West and Central Asia.

Haplogroup HV members with 16298C (and 72C) are also invited to join this group. These mark the subgroup HV0 which is pre-V.

Author Bryan Sykes called this group 'Clan of Velda' in his book from 2001, The Seven Daughters of Eve. Note that a lot of research has been done since then.

The phylogeny of haplogroup V can be found at phylotree.org. See also the News section for latest V classifications.

Important: If you have completed the FMS test Please consider sharing your FMS coding region results with the project administrators. The coding region results are not shown on the project page and will not be made public, and by default they are also hidden from the project administrators. The coding region results are essential for identifying your lowest level daughter group, for estimating the age of each daughter group, for identifying new daughter groups and for filling in the fine details on the V tree. 

To share your coding region results with the project administrators, please log into your FTDNA account, and on the left side bar click on "User Preferences", then check the box next to "CR Results" for the V mtDNA project, and then click on update at the bottom of the page.

Ancestral info
mtDNA is inherited strictly through the direct maternal line. To learn more about the origins of the various subclades of V, it is important that all V-members fill in their ancestral information under Plot Ancestral Location. Enter full name, appr years of birth/death, place, county and country. If unknown because of adoptions or other, please explain under "maternal ancestor" in "Most Distant Ancestors". Also note that your direct maternal ancestor is the name of your mother's mother's mother etc - it is always a woman. Please also plot the location of this direct maternal ancestor on the map.

Research and Information
Papers that can be downloaded in full-text:
* Torroni et al (2001): A Signal, from Human mtDNA, of Postglacial Recolonization in Europe. References to this article usually mention the highest percentages in the Basque and Saami populations, but when you look at the raw numbers and sample sizes V's also appear in 27 other population groups.
* Tambets et al (2004): "The Western and Eastern Roots of the Sami." American Society of Human Genetics. "The results indicate that the origin of [...] V [in Sami population], is most likely in western, rather than eastern, Europe. [...] It suggests that the large genetic separation of the Saami from other Europeans is best explained by assuming that the Saami are descendants of a narrow, distinctive subset of Europeans. In particular, no evidence of a significant directional gene flow from extant aboriginal Siberian populations into the haploid gene pools of the Saami was found."
* Alzualde et al (2005): "Temporal Mitochondrial DNA Variation in the Basque Country: Influence of Post-Neolithic Events" is an article that says that V was not present in the ancient Basque population, even though it is a significant percentage of the current population.
* Max Ingman and Ulf Gyllensten (2006): "A recent genetic link between Sami and the Volga-Ural region of Russia". This is a study of Sámi mtDNA, among other types also V.

The Wikipedia page for mtDNA V also has some information and references to research papers.

Community

There is a mtDNA V group on Facebook, where anyone can post queries, comment etc.


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