Likins - Likens - Lykins Y-DNA Project
- January 19, 2010. William C. Likens first 12 marker results are in, and surprisingly he does not have a match.
- January 28, 2010. William's 13-37 marker results are now in, and he continues not to match anyone in the project.
- March 29, 2010. James Craig Likins 1-37 marker results are all in. He does not match anyone in the project yet. He is also a different haplogroup from the others who have tested so far. He is predicted to be E1b1b1, which is an interesting haplogroup that is found mainly in NE Africa, Europe (mainly Italy and the Balkans), and parts of the Middle East. This suggests possibly that James' line came to Europe through the spread of the Roman Empire. Hopefully James will be able to find his Colonial American Liken's ancestry in Europe!
- June 16, 2010. Charles H.'s 38-67 markers have now finally all arrived, and he matches closely to the other man who has tested out to 67 markers! This is more solid evidence that all the men in the large N1c1 grouping share the same ancestor. Markers 38-67 have a very slow mutation rate, so to match exactly on those markers is an excellent indication of a common Y-DNA ancestor.
- July 28, 2010. We have Arthur Barr Lykins 37 marker results. He appears to match Richard Lykins. Arthur is our fourth person predicted to be in the R1b1b2 haplogroup, which is extremely common in Western Europe and Great Britain. Therefore, to make certain that Arthur and Richard share the same ancestor, the recommendation is to have both men test the full 67 markers and do Deep Clade SNP testing. In the haplogroup R1b1b2 there can be false matches at 25 markers.
- July 29, 2010. Richard O. Likin has the results for his first 12 markers, and he is matching the large N1c1 group (as expected).
- August 10, 2010. The rest of Richard O.'s markers (13-37) have come in, and he continues to be a match to the large N1c1 group! Three men in our project have traced their lineage back to Michael Likin. These three men each descend from a different son of Michael, so it is great to get the DNA matching confirmation for their lineage!
- JANUARY 6, 2009. HAPPY NEW YEAR, and we have some new results for David Reese(original surname of Likins). He matches Liam exactly, and is one off from Andy. Of course we hope David will also upgrade eventually to more markers.
- JANUARY 8, 2009. And more results are in!! George's results do not yet match anyone's--another surprise for us! He is yet another haplogroup--"G". G is a somewhat rare haplogroup in Western Europe. So where did George's ancient ancestor come from? George has traced his line back to Sylvanus Likens, born 1800. His DNA results are telling us that he does NOT trace back to the same ancestor as the N haplogroup folks.
- JANUARY 9, 2009. Wow, more results! Finally Andy's 26-37 marker results have come in. We don't have anyone else to compare him with right now, until others have either upgraded to 37 markers, or more men join who order the 37 marker test.
- February 3, 2009. Carney's 1-12 marker results are now posted. February 17, 2009. Charles H.'s 1-37 marker results are in.
- February 17, 2009. Charles E.'s 1-37 marker results have come in.
- February 24, 2009. 1-12 Marker results have been posted for Kit# 141853, Erikas Laiconas
- February 25, 2009. David's 26-37 marker results are here.
- February 26, 2009. David's Deep Clade results are in!
- March 16, 2009. Carney's Deep clade results have arrived. April 3, 2009. Bobby's 38-67 results are now posted.
- April 23, 2009. Richard's 1-25 marker results are in.
- April 29, 2009. Carney's 13-37 marker results have posted. June 16, 2009. David's 38-67 marker results are in!
- June 24, 2009. Liam's 13-37 marker results are now posted.
- August 20, 2009. Virgil Lyke's 1-12 Y-DNA results are in.
- October 2008. The first results have come in! The haplogroup for our first set of results is "N". This is really no huge surprise, since Andy's ancestor came from Sweden (or did he? Was he really originally from Finland?). However, my guess had been that the Lykins would be of haplogroup I1a, which is very common in Scandanavian countries. The N haplogroup is distributed throughout Northern Eurasia. It is the most common Y-chromosome type in Uralic speakers (Finns and Native Siberian). This lineage most likely originated in northern China or Mongolia and then spread into Siberia where it became a very common line in western Siberia. (Description of N taken from Charles F. Kerchner Jr's copyrighted website http://www.kerchner.com/haplogroups-ydna.htm . Another website says this about "N": N is almost only present in Finland (epicenter within Europe), the Baltic countries, Russia and Siberia, overflowing a bit onto Japan. It is of Uralic-Siberian origin. http://www.eupedia.com/europe/origins_haplogroups_europe.shtml Looks like Andy's ancient ancestor may have come from Siberia before his ancestors made their way to Sweden. ???? and the plot thickens!
- NOVEMBER 2008. Andy's 13-25 markers have come in.
- DECEMBER 9, 2008. Liam Liken's results have come in. He tested 12 markers. He matches to Andy on 11 of his markers. If this were a common name, we could not call it a match. Many times people with the same name will match on the first 12 markers, but upon further testing (25 or 37 markers), they will not continue to match. However, given the fact that this is an unusual name (and also not a common haplogroup), I would say that Liam and Andy share the same ancestor! Hopefully someday Liam will upgrade to more markers, just so we can confirm.
- DECEMBER 16, 2008. The results are in for Bobby Lykins! His results were a bit of a surprise. We thought he would match both Liam and Andy, yet he does not. In fact, he is even a completely different haplogroup! We will need more men to test to determine why the Lykins line is apparently a completely different lineage from the Likins-Likens line.
FamilyTreeDNA's description of a haplogroup
: The haplogroups are the major branches on the Y chromosome tree, defined single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), which have accumulated along different lineages as Y chromosomes are passed from father to son over many generations. All haplogroups ultimately descend from a single Y chromosome carried by a male that lived in the distant past. The topology of the Y chromosome tree can be reconstructed by typing mutations in different human populations – as more SNPs are discovered (e.g., M254), the structure of the tree changes. Originally, the Y Chromosome Consortium (YCC) arbitrarily defined 18 haplogroups (A-R), which represent the major divisions of human diversity based on Y chromosome SNPs. Currently there are 20 haplogroups (A-T). In turn, each of these major haplogroups has numbered subgroups, or subclades, that are named with alternating letters and numbers.