Heikkinen - Y-DNA SNP

The major branch points on our shared paternal lineage trace back through genealogy, history, antiquity, and ancient anthropology to reach our early hominid ancestors who lived in Africa. Recent (terminal) branches may be as recent as ten generations old or several thousand years. Thus, they are an established way to trace the migrations of human populations from the earliest times to the present. The branches on the paternal tree are haplogroups. SNP markers on the Y-Chromosome define them. This page displays Y-Chromosome DNA (Y-DNA) SNP results for the project. It shows Y-DNA haplogroups and all SNP results both positive (derived) and negative (ancestral). A plus, +, sign denotes positive results. A negative, -, sign denotes negative results. You may learn more about Y-Chromosome SNPs on the Understanding Y-DNA SNP Results learning page.

Learn more about this page. This page displays project members' Y-DNA haplogroups and SNP results. Predicted haplogroups are in red, and confirmed haplogroups are in green.

Kit Number Last Name Paternal Ancestor Name Short Hand Confirmed SNPs
325519 Hännikäinen Andreas Hännikäinen, s. 1662, Rautu.Finland N-CTS3451 CTS3451+
268805 Laitinen Johan Johansson Laitinen, b.1773, Mikkeli, Finland N-L550 L550+, L1025-
145305 Heikkinen Heikki Heikkinen,1520, verolle Kain1566, Paltamo, N-M178  
146777 Heikkinen Sakari Heikkinen, s.1570, Ristiina, k.1635, Kuopio N-M178  
186801 Heikkinen Heikki Heikkinen, s. n. 1570, suku Kainuuseen 1629 N-M178 CTS8565+, Z5892+, BY549-
191655 Räisänen Rikard Räisänen,1891-1944,Pielavesi, Finland N-M178 CTS8565+, Z5894+, BY549-, Z5892-
193009 Kallio Yrjö Niilonpoika Mäkelä,16xx-1736,Mynämäki,Finland N-M178 P21-
170714 Jäske Ivan Ivaninpoika Jäske, 1783-1855, Rautu, -1939 Fi N-M178 Z1940-, BY549-, Z5892-, Z5894-
284515 Tuovinen Erik Tuovinen b.1678,Sonkajärvi,Finland N-M231 M231+
258844 Heikkinen Lauri Heikkinen,1670 Ristiina Liiansaari,Finland N-M231 M231+
187134 Heikkinen Heikki Heikkinen, 1570 Pellosniemi aft.1639 Paltam N-M232  
194075 Heikkinen Heikki Nikunen, b. 1690 and d. 1769 N-M232  
173786 Heikkinen Heikki Heikkinen, s. n. 1570, Pmi, Kainuuseen 1629 N-M232  
136546 Heikkinen Heikki Heikkinen, s. 1650, Ristijärvi, Fin N-M232  
224701 Heikkinen Heikki Heikkinen, s. 1650, Ristijärvi N-M232 CTS8565+, BY549-, Z5893-
153925 Heikkinen Juntti Heikkinen 1480-1543, Ristiina FI N-M232 Z5892+, Z5893-
132607 Heikkinen Juntti Heikkinen, 1480, Ristiina, Finland N-Z1935 LLY22g+, M178+, M231+, Tat+, Z1935+, Z1936+, Z5892+, M128-, P43-, Z1940-, Z1941-, BY549-, P119-, P21-, P67-
165704 Pulkkinen   R-M458 M198+, M458+, M334-, M434-, L176-, L260-