Heikkinen - Y-DNA SNP

The major branch points on our shared paternal lineage trace back through genealogy, history, antiquity, and ancient anthropology to reach our early hominid ancestors who lived in Africa. Recent (terminal) branches may be as recent as ten generations old or several thousand years. Thus, they are an established way to trace the migrations of human populations from the earliest times to the present. The branches on the paternal tree are haplogroups. SNP markers on the Y-Chromosome define them. This page displays Y-Chromosome DNA (Y-DNA) SNP results for the project. It shows Y-DNA haplogroups and all SNP results both positive (derived) and negative (ancestral). A plus, +, sign denotes positive results. A negative, -, sign denotes negative results. You may learn more about Y-Chromosome SNPs on the Understanding Y-DNA SNP Results learning page.

Learn more about this page. This page displays project members’ Y-DNA haplogroups and SNP results. Predicted haplogroups are in red, and confirmed haplogroups are in green.

Kit Number Last Name Paternal Ancestor Name Haplogroup Short Hand Confirmed SNPs
136546 Heikkinen Heikki Heikkinen, s. 1650, Ristijärvi, Fin N N-M231  
145305 Heikkinen Heikki Heikkinen,1520, verolle Kain1566, Paltamo, N N-M231  
146777 Heikkinen Sakari Heikkinen, 1570-1635, Niuvanniemi, Kuopio, N N-M231  
153925 Heikkinen Juntti Heikkinen 1480-1543, Ristiina N N-M231  
173786 Heikkinen Heikki Heikkinen, s. n. 1570, Pmi, Kainuuseen 1629 N N-M231  
186801 Heikkinen Heikki Heikkinen, s. n. 1570, suku Kainuuseen 1629 N N-M231  
187134 Heikkinen Kalle Heikkinen 1864 -1938 Finland, Siilinjärvi N N-M231  
191655 Räisänen Rikard Räisänen,1891-1944,Pielavesi, Finland N N-M231  
193009 Kallio Yrjö Niilonpoika Mäkilä,16xx-1736,Mynämäki,Finland N N-M231  
194075 Heikkinen Heikki Nikunen, b. 1690 and d. 1769 N N-M231  
224701 Heikkinen Heikki Heikkinen, s. 1650, Ristijärvi N N-M231  
258844 Heikkinen Lauri Heikkinen,1670 Ristiina Liiansaari,Finland N N-M231 M231+
170714 Jäske Ivan Ivaninpoika Jäske, 1783-1855, Rautu, -1939 Fi N N-M231 Z1940-
132607 Heikkinen Juntti Heikkinen, 1480, Ristiina, Finland N1c1 N-M178 LLY22g+, M178+, M231+, Tat+, Z1935+, Z1936+, Z1940-, Z1941-, P119-, P21-, P67-
N43395 Anderson   N1c1 N-M178 LLY22g+, M178+, P105+, Tat+, P119-, P21-, P67-
165704 Pulkkinen   R1a1a1g R-M458 M198+, M458+, M334-, M434-, L176.1-, L260-
152442 Heikkinen Samuel Heikkinen, b.1685 - d.1730 Mikkeli area -    
137172 Heikkinen Rikard Räisänen, 1891-1944 -