The major branch points on our shared paternal lineage trace back through genealogy, history, antiquity, and ancient anthropology to reach our early hominid ancestors who lived in Africa. Recent (terminal) branches may be as recent as ten generations old or several thousand years. Thus, they are an established way to trace the migrations of human populations from the earliest times to the present. The branches on the paternal tree are haplogroups. SNP markers on the Y-Chromosome define them. This page displays Y-Chromosome DNA (Y-DNA) SNP results for the project. It shows Y-DNA haplogroups and all SNP results both positive (derived) and negative (ancestral). A plus, +, sign denotes positive results. A negative, -, sign denotes negative results. You may learn more about Y-Chromosome SNPs on the Understanding Y-DNA SNP Results learning page.

Learn more about this page. This page displays project members' Y-DNA haplogroups and SNP results. Predicted haplogroups are in red, and confirmed haplogroups are in green.

* denotes a no call or heterozygous call.

Kit Number Paternal Ancestor Name Short Hand Confirmed SNPs
315037 Andrew FINDLAY b cir 1750 d bef 1857 I-M223 M223+
N62266 John FINLAYSON, b.c. 1795, Erbersaig, Scotland I-M284 M223+, M223+, M284+, P78-, L126-, L137-
208595 Matthew Finlayson, b. 1925 and d. 1983 R-L21 L21+, L226-, L96-, M222-, M37-, P314-, P66-, L144-, L159-, L193-
567285 William Finlason, 1660-Paisley, Renfrew, Scotland R-M269  
129778 Donald FINLAYSON, sya 1685, Halkirk, Caithness R-M269  
169729 Macbethad mac Fionlaic, k. 1057/8 R-M269